- Nov 2010
The peak is, I think, generally held to be the Trajan/Hadrian era, maybe extended to Antoninus Pius. Cracks were appearing under Marcus Aurelius and you could therefore argue that once the peak is reached, it's all downhill from there.Fall of the Nerva-Antontines? Post Diocletian? Death of Marcus Aurelius? Division of the Empire? Let me know your thoughts below.
Majorian sort of made a noble effort to regroup things until his unfortunate disaster at the hands of the Vandals. But if you look at the immense events/migrations around the early 5th century - it was all well after the horse had bolted surely?Majorian perhaps? Very late point.
Another almighty cock-up. But they didn't win and weakened the eastern empire for years to come. I'm a bit old-fashioned in that I don't really see an eastern-led enterprsie as being 'Rome' - the west had blown up already. Plus I don't think you can turn back the clock, move out the Vandals and restore the grain bread- basket. In any case wouldn't it have gone east? Don't seem to see any lasting economic benefits that I know of once it was eventually taken by Justinian, just another drain on imperial troops and resources.Assume you mean the West here.
Battle of Cap Bon 468CE.
Had the Romans won- and they should have- they could have eliminated the Vandals, retaken Africa with its income and probably reasserted Roman supremacy in Spain, pinning the Sueves into the Northerm mountains. It wouldn't have solved the crisis altogether, the Goths still there- but survival now much more likely.
The Suevos were almost destroyed by Theodoric II in 456 at Rio Orbigo, and he sacked the capital and killed the king. Put them back in their box in greater Galicia for nearly 100 years. Until they foolishly backed the wrong side against Leovigildo and saw themselves truly 'abolished'.
The Suevos did not come close to either of the Goths in number and power. Roman armies of this period tended to be heavily Goth - not sure how that would ever be reversed
Probably right, or at least after Anotoninus!It has been the emerging consensus of historians that the Roman Empire began to fall as soon as it had been formed.