Outside powers and the 1971 India-Pakistan War

Oct 2015
1,013
India
#11
Dear @Aupmanyav

USA, most likely, would not have dropped an atom bomb on an Indian city (though theoretically it could because it did in Hiroshima & Nagasaki). However, it had other options.

It could have landed American soldiers on a Bangladesh or Indian port challenging you to respond. Suppose Seventh Fleet blocades Chennai or Mumbai port preventing your naval ships and/or commercial consignments of oil, then how will India respond to an nuclear-weaponed fleet? Can't risk an attack for fear of nuclear retaliation. Even Seventh Fleet's conventional arms may have been better than ours.

Or it could have used conventional weapons to sink your ships & submarines in harbour? How could India respond?

Or it could have attacked India's naval fleet at high seas.

In large-scale military operations, when you (=India) have close to zero chance of winning against enemy (USA in this hypothetical case), you don't go on offensive. The risk of losing all your assets (=ships & submarines) are too high to take.
 

Aupmanyav

Ad Honorem
Jun 2014
5,299
New Delhi, India
#12
It could have landed American soldiers on a Bangladesh or Indian port challenging you to respond. Suppose Seventh Fleet blockades Chennai or Mumbai port preventing your naval ships and/or commercial consignments of oil, then how will India respond to an nuclear-weapon fleet? Can't risk an attack for fear of nuclear retaliation. Even Seventh Fleet's conventional arms may have been better than ours.
A blockade for some months does not matter. US has tried it in Cuba, N. Korea and Iran. There always are ways to circumvent it. And I do not think the European countries would have liked it. Many European countries do not like US arms-twisting of Iran.

Sure, the seventh fleet conventional arms could have caused a lot of damage on the coast, but landing an army is another matter. US tried it in Vietnam. Indian army does not consist of dolls. And do you think Russia would have witnessed it silently? Why did US never attacked Cuba? US was not the only super-power in the world (now there are recognized three even if you do not consider the others, though another six have nuclear weapons).
 
Likes: rvsakhadeo
Jul 2012
3,111
Dhaka
#14
Nixon was desparate to build relations with China, and Pakistan was their gateway to China. Hence the all-out US support for Pakistan.

Soviet Union got involved only because of US/Chinese involvement, they had no interest of their own.
 

betgo

Ad Honorem
Jul 2011
5,983
#15
Nixon was desparate to build relations with China, and Pakistan was their gateway to China. Hence the all-out US support for Pakistan.

Soviet Union got involved only because of US/Chinese involvement, they had no interest of their own.
That makes sense. I can see China's interest, but not strong interests of the US or Soviet Union.
 
Apr 2018
444
India
#18
The extent of British, American and Soviet direct involvement in this conflict is well known. However all the details are not available in one place. I will try to consolidate the online sources here -
1. About 7th fleet TF 74 - a) Task Force 74 - Wikipedia
b) https://www.thedailystar.net/news/us-fleet-in-bay-of-bengal-a-game-of-deception

2. About the Russian activities :
a) https://www.rbth.com/articles/2011/12/20/1971_war_how_russia_sank_nixons_gunboat_diplomacy_14041

b) http://igorrgroup.blogspot.com/2009/12/1971-war-of-nerves-in-bengal-bay.html

In 2.b. there's an embedded youtube video of Admiral Kruglyakov's interview.
 
Likes: Rajeev
Sep 2012
8,924
India
#19
Rarely does any part of world attract so much bias on here as the Indian subcontinent. It's a strange phenomenon, wonder what causes it?
The thread is about India-Pakistan war of 1971 and thus bound to attract Indian posters. Indian posters are bound to crow about the battering of Pakistan in the 1971 war resulting in the creation of Bangladesh. What is ' strange ' about that ?
 
Oct 2015
1,013
India
#20
The extent of British, American and Soviet direct involvement in this conflict is well known. However all the details are not available in one place. I will try to consolidate the online sources here -
1. About 7th fleet TF 74 - a) Task Force 74 - Wikipedia
b) US Fleet in Bay of Bengal: A game of deception

2. About the Russian activities :
a) https://www.rbth.com/articles/2011/12/20/1971_war_how_russia_sank_nixons_gunboat_diplomacy_14041

b) http://igorrgroup.blogspot.com/2009/12/1971-war-of-nerves-in-bengal-bay.html

In 2.b. there's an embedded youtube video of Admiral Kruglyakov's interview.
Thanks for pointing out the video interview of Russian Admiral Kruglyakov's interview.

Would you like make a summary based on these souces?

regards

Rajeev
 

Similar History Discussions