- May 2016
I don’t know to what “they” you are referring, but there are much more than 5 romance languages. Today usually are mentioned the Portuguese, the Spanish, the Italian, the French and the Romanian because they are the most spoken Latin languages, not because they are the five existing. And, as I stated, it is not a question that I could consider Catalan a language. Catalan is considered a language not only by me, but by the experts in the theme, by the Academic. As I stated previously there is an academic discussion about the Galician. Some consider it a language others a dialect form the Galician-Portuguese. But from the mentioned idioms that is the only one that raises questions.I guess you could consider Catalan and so on languages rather than dialects, but usually they talk about 5 Romance languages. If you include all the dialects or whatever, there are a large number of languages.
We don’t know if the Basques were originally the people of all of the Iberian Peninsula. Most probably not, since it is doubfull that the peninsula had a sole cultural identity. There is a theory that links the Basques with the Ancient Iberians, that means only the South East coast. But it is more certain that the “Basques”, here in comas, are related with the Aquitaines mentioned by Caesar in his work about Gaul. The first list of peoples in the Iberian Peninsula is included in the poem “Ora Maritima” by Avienus: Avienus: Ora Maritima (in Latin, probably there is online a translation).The Basques originally were the people of all of Iberia. Indo Europeans and North Africans moved in. Spanish has a large percentage of Basque words and has Basque characteristics like only 5 vowels. There is a region where the Basque language is spoken and so on. However, that doesn't mean that there isn't Basque ethnic and cultural influence elsewhere.