Pre Classical European art

Apr 2018
38
Torino
#41
More bronze figurines from Nuragic Sardinia:
Bronze lions:

Monkey from the sanctuary of S'arcu e is forros:

Priestess:

Offerer:

Chief:

Boat with bulls:

Mask:

Warrior with votive sword:

Dog biting a deer in the neck:


Bronze model of a Nuraghe:

Nuraghe next to a temple/house:

Porcupine?
 
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Apr 2018
38
Torino
#42
Now let's see their statues. The statues found in the site of Mont'e Prama in Sardinia are considered to be some of the oldest free standing life sized statues in Europe, older than the Greek ones. They are dated to at least the 9th century bc and their number is growing, they were discovered in the 70s but after some preliminary excavations the site wasn't studied until much later. The statues were found broken into several thousand fragments, and weren't restored until 2014 when they've been first exposed in museums. Since then new excavations have taken place on the site of Monte Prama, new statues have thus been recently discovered, including those nicknamed "twins" which belong to a new cathegory never seen before in the other statues. The height of the Monte Prama statue normally ranges between 2 and 2.5 meters, they're the life size version of the smaller bronze statuettes. The statues represent boxers, warriros and archers, along with the statues some stone models of the Nuraghi have been found.
Here's a warrior:


Boxers:



Another boxer:

Archer:

The Nuragic people were people were probably the first scuptors to use the grandine chisel, while the statuetes weren't created to follow human proportions, the accuracy in portraying the details of the decorations and their armor requires the use of tools like the grandine chisel and the drill, which was used by the Egyptians.
Detail of the archer:

Another archer:

The two statues discovered during the 2014 excavation, they've been nicknamed "The twins" and belong to a new cathegory, similar to the Nuragic bronze statuette from Vulci:


One thing I've forgotten to mention. The statues were purposely destroyed during antiquity, but the culprit is unknown:
 
Oct 2013
6,428
Planet Nine, Oregon
#45
Wow, didn't know about that shield, it looks very Near Eastern like. It reminds me of those shields described in the Iliad.
There was an "Orientalizing Period" when Assyrian imagery influenced Greek art, and was likely the period of armour the heroes in the Iliad are equipped with (early kegelhelms, etc.). Rosettes, griffins, and other ornamentation made its way onto Greek armour. There is also a second shield from that cave with a central eagle protome, too. One of the items on my "to finish list" is Achilles' shield.
 
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Apr 2018
38
Torino
#47
Golden Ibex from Akrotiri, 17th century bc

Pottery Mycenaean rython, 13th century bc:

Silver rython from Mycenae depicting a siege:

A gorgeous Minoan silver rython from Hagia Triada

Boxer:


Steatite cup from Hagia Triada, 16-15th century bc:

Small ivory sculptures from Mycenae:

Ivory head from Mycenae:

Chariot scene in a stone stele from Mycenae:

Ivory plaque depicting a Mycenaean warrior:

Miniature ivory Mycenaean head:
 
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Apr 2018
38
Torino
#48
Some other bronze objects from Nuragic Sardinia (12-8th century bc):
Chief:

Candelabrums:

Lyre player:

Offerer:

Bull:

Ship:

Ship with deer protome:

Nuragic boat from Salerno in Campania:

Two nuragic boats with peculiar protomes, one from Sardinia and the other from Tarquinia:

Another similar one:
 
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Apr 2018
38
Torino
#49
Bronze figurines from Denmark belonging to the Nordic bronze age culture, 11-10th century bc:


Minoan fresco of Philakopi:

Painted Mycenaean krater from Pyla Kokkinokremos (Cyprus), 13-12th century bc:

Painted krater from Kynos, 12th century bc:

Gold pendant depicting a goddess from Mycenae, 15th century bc:
 
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Apr 2018
38
Torino
#50
Trundholm sun chariot, from Denmark belonging to the Nordic bronze age culture, 14th century bc, a thin sheet of gold was applied to the surface of one of the disks:

A sculpture of a man's head carved out of a stag's horn from Crete, 13-12th century bc:
 

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