Punishment in Spain in the 1400s

Oct 2014
166
California, USA
Does anyone know about the nature of punishment specifically in Spain or Portugal during the 1400's. I was wondering how common extreme punishments like cutting off hands, or noses or tounges were and what type of crimes would merrit those types of punishment? I've found examples in other places in Europe, but I'm interested specifically in Spain and Portugal.

If you can provide sources that would be WONDERFUL. It's related to some research I'm doing for something I'm writing so I'd like to know where to go find out more.
 

Tulius

Ad Honorem
May 2016
5,888
Portugal
If you don’t read in Portuguese, at least you can use some translator.

Luís Miguel Duarte is a leading figure in this research in Portugal, for this time period:

About the convicted to the galleys: https://repositorio-aberto.up.pt/bitstream/10216/20990/2/luismiguelduartecongressoII000087411.pdf

This as the abstract in English: https://repositorio-aberto.up.pt/bitstream/10216/20063/2/lmduartejustica000084020.pdf

This has one of the most funny stories taken from the documents:

https://repositorio-aberto.up.pt/bitstream/10216/20063/2/lmduartejustica000084020.pdf

Crimes in the Sea, Justice in the Land:

https://repositorio-aberto.up.pt/bitstream/10216/8933/2/2257.pdf

Justice and criminality in the Medieval Portugal: 1459-1481 (his doctoral thesis):

Volume I:

https://repositorio-aberto.up.pt/bitstream/10216/10863/2/N558TD01PLUISMIGUELDUARTE000068687.pdf

Volume II:

https://repositorio-aberto.up.pt/bitstream/10216/10863/3/N558TD02PLUISMIGUELDUARTE000068689.pdf

Volume III:

https://repositorio-aberto.up.pt/bitstream/10216/10863/4/N558TD03PLUISMIGUELDUARTE000068691.pdf

And the primary sources, the Ordenações Afonsinas:

http://www1.ci.uc.pt/ihti/proj/afonsinas/l1ind.htm
 
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Tulius

Ad Honorem
May 2016
5,888
Portugal
Thanks. This is helpful. I do read Spanish but not Portuguese.
About Spain maybe some Spanish member can help you much more than I.

I think that the Siete Partidas of Alfonso X were still in effect, they are online: https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=AA9XAAAAcAAJ&rdid=book-AA9XAAAAcAAJ&rdot=1

And the “pérdida de miembro” is mentioned. But the fact that is mentioned does show us that was often applied. And this reasoning is valid both for Portugal and Castile. In the documents that I read I don’t recall amputation sentences. Doesn’t prove anything, but it is my view on the subject.

This also may help: http://institucional.us.es/revistas/historia/02/06 perez de la canal.pdf
 
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johnincornwall

Ad Honorem
Nov 2010
7,676
Cornwall
Not so much punishments per se, but the cruelties inflicted by both sides in the Alpujarra/morisco rebellions were beyond all modern reason. Disembowelment, cutting off body parts bit by bit, burning alive, all stripped and humiliated first, men women and children.

Best illustrated by Luis de Marmol Carvajal's account of the rebellion by interviewing eye witnesses after the fact. I do believe he was a nuevo cristiano himself

But the OP has hit the problem on the head - the vast majority of stuff in my bookcase on Spanish history is never translated into English except some by the great masters of the past. There just isn't the market. I'm sure it's exactly the same for Portuguese

So you might have to learn a couple of languages to further your study!!
 
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Tulius

Ad Honorem
May 2016
5,888
Portugal
Not so much punishments per se, but the cruelties inflicted by both sides in the Alpujarra/morisco rebellions were beyond all modern reason. Disembowelment, cutting off body parts bit by bit, burning alive, all stripped and humiliated first, men women and children.

Best illustrated by Luis de Marmol Carvajal's account of the rebellion by interviewing eye witnesses after the fact. I do believe he was a nuevo cristiano himself
Nicely noted and quite pertinent.

Those consequences of the Alpujarra/morisco rebellions that we are talking about were judicial cases were the disembowelment was the sentence or the disembowelment was made in a scenario of war/rebellion/civil unrest?
 
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