- Jan 2014
What about the Caucasus and Central Asia as well as the other territories which Russia could have acquired but didn't?
In Transcaucasia (modern Georgia, Armenia and Azerbajzhan) there was native settled arabling population. So it was hard to find plots for Russian peasants. But government did it (for example irrigated land in modern Azerbajzhan), because it wanted to have some loyal population. It was all about Tsar's government. Soviet government didnt resetle peasant. Otherwise it claim them Tsar's colonizators, some of them lost their allotment and were expelled. But Soviet government decided to build industry here. As locals were low-browed it demanded attraction of Russian workers and specialists.
Only Armenia was some exception. It is highly mountinious, have few arable land. In addition Armenians tricky like Jews, they presented as in Tsar's as in Bolshevik's government. So there was almost no Russian peasant settlers in Armenia and was almost no Russian workers in Armenia too. Armenia was most Russian-free of Soviet semistates.
There were large scale peasants resettlement to Kazakhia in Tsar's time, because local population was sparce and nomadic and thats why here were lots of free land. Later there was enough industrial resettlement here. And finally Soviet resettlement for industrial farming "Tselina". So population become predominantly Slavic here. And if we would continue Frank81's comparisons Kazakhstan was something like Texas in America. Native nature is similar to Texasian too. If Bolsheviks didnt stop peasants resetlement than Slavic share and similarity with Texas would be much more.
Situation in Kirgizia was similar to Kazahia. While in other MiddleAsian republics it was similar with Transcaucasia.