- Dec 2018
Thank you again for your kind help with translation. Now I am thinking if my guns on Junk were Erjiangjun or Sanjiangjun Pao? Assume that biggest gun could be too heavy for Junk of that size.I will try:
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(note that chinese books are read from right to left, and top to bottom, so I will translate likewise)
竹節長頸破落戶五把 - Five Zhujie Changjing Poluohu (竹節長頸破落戶 - translates to "Bamboo sectioned, long-necked Poluohu' gun).
"破落戶/Poluohu" literally means rascals or poor families that have seen better days, but in this case it is possibly a loanword from some unknown foreign language. First time I've seen this, actually.
(Any idea on names of cannon that start with "P"? I can only think of "Petard", but it doesn't rhymes with "Poluohu")
弘治間掌印指揮王珊毀失一把 - One destroyed and lost during the time when Wanshan , commander during the reign of Hongzhi emperor, held office.
矮將軍二把 - Two Aijiangjun (矮將軍 - literally translates to "Short general") <<< short as in a short person. 王珊毀失一把 - One destroyed and lost under Wanshan
飛鎗六把 - Six Feiqiang (飛鎗 - literally translates to "Flying gun") 王珊毀失三把 - Three destroyed and lost under Wanshan
手銃四十把 - Forty handgonnes. 王珊毀失二十七把 - twenty-seven destroyed and lost under Wanshan. 上俱銅火銃 - above are all bronze gun
竹節長頸破落戶四把 - Four Zhujie Changjing Poluohu
大將軍二把 - Two Dajiangjunpao
賽將軍二把 - Two Saijiangjun (which roughly translates to "(cannon) that can match up to Dajiangjun")
碗口四把 - Four wankouchong
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These are examples of the bronze Dajiangjunpao.
Top-right: 無敵大將軍/Wudi Dajiangjun or "Invincible Great General (Cannon)" <<<<<<<< This is the "oversized breechloading gun".
Bottom-right: 大將軍/Dajiangjun or "Great General (Cannon)"
Top-left: 二將軍 /Erjiangjun or "Second General (Cannon)"
Bottom-left: 三將軍/Sanjiangjun or "Third General (Cannon)"
Note that "Great General", "Second General' and "Third General" are essentially different class of the same cannon type. In modern usage we generally call all of them Dajiangjunpao. AFAIK all surviving bronze dajiangjunpao are of the smaller type.
Unfortunately, the cannons are listed without context, so I don't know if any of them were used on naval ship.