Romans in poland


Ad Honorem
Jun 2014
Roman artefacts have been found from the area between the villages of Gaski and Wierzbiczany (province of Kujawy-Pomerania).
"Among the scores of metal objects we were given, we found many ferrules made of copper alloy. It turned out that these were unique ornaments of legionary riding equipment and uniforms. Many of them are quite exceptional in this part of Europe,” says Professor Bartosz Kontny, a researcher from the University of Warsaw’s Institute of Archaeology who identified the items.
Jan 2015
Archeologists... Well, that's not fair, I should say it's the popular press which has blown this one out of all proportion.

No, a few decorative harness fittings do *not* prove the presence of Roman legions. For one thing, legions were INFANTRY, though it's true each legion had a small cavalry contingent and would usually be accompanied by auxiliary cavalry. But unless we can see these fittings, and a demonstration that they are exclusive to Roman cavalry (or Roman anything), they're just baubles that might have been used by anyone. We have always known that there was cultural influence and heavy trade of every possible commodity between Roman territory and the societies outside the Empire.

It is quite common to find actual Roman artifacts well outside the Empire. People got around, and their stuff went even farther. It's weird to see such a frenzy over it, as if Romans were for some reason unable to leave their territory, which of course in actuality was rarely as strictly defined as we might like to think.

It WOULD be nice to see the artifacts that this article discusses! New finds are always cool, and can certainly tell us a lot.

Likes: Dzmeka
Jul 2012
Check out the Amber Road:
Poland could rebuild the Amber Road

"The Romans who travelled north for ‘the gold of the Baltic’ would take with them various items to be traded, including fabrics, ceramics, metal objects, trinkets, wool, as well as bronze and brass artefacts. They brought back sacks of amber, animal skins, wax, feathers and beaver coats. Due to increasing intense economic contacts, Roman coins also began to be used in later centuries. It goes without saying that customs law today applies to imports and exports. Similarly, in the Roman Empire there were customs chambers, mainly along the borderline, in trading centres on the Danube and further inland, where the main commercial arteries crossed. "
Likes: Rodger


Ad Honorem
Jun 2014
Wasn't there a documented Roman Camp in what is now the Czech Republic, not far from the Polish border? I believe it was part of the Amber Trade Route.
Jul 2012
There were extensive military camps along the Amber Road in Pannonia up to the Danube:
The Roman army along the Amber Road between Poetovio and Carnuntum in the 1st century AD - Archaeological evidence

North of the Danube there were only a few "marching camps", including the one you refer to in Czechia:
Marching or temporary camps of Roman troops north to the Middle Danube

The camp in Bernhardsthal, situated on the right bank of the River Thaya near its confluence with the Morava River,

Further earthworks at Suchohrad and Závod are situated on the left bank of the Morava River.

The discoveries of marching camps and other earth-works in the territory of Moravia came as a surprise. Due to their distance from the Danube these represent the northernmost evidence of the Roman presence in the whole region beyond the Norican and Pannonian frontier.

One of the greatest marching camp concentrations was indicated ca 2.4 km south-east of the Roman fort at Mušov-Burgstall. It is situated on the right bank of the River Thaya on a low terrace in the location „V pískách”, where aerial reconnaissance by a survey team has discovered four Roman military sites.

The earthwork near Charvatská Nová Ves ca 20 km to the south-east of the Roman fortress at Mušov-Burgstall belongs to the especially typical forms of Roman temporary or marching camps.

Two camps have been identified from the air near the village of Ivaň, about 2.7 km northwardly from the Roman fort at Mušov, on the left bank of the River Jihlavka.

A remarkable marching camp concentration was discovered northwest of the village of Přibice, about 8 km north of Burgstall and 6 km of the site in Ivaň, on a terrace on the left bank of a dead arm of the River Jihlavka, which has formerly constituted the main stream.
Another marching camp in the north direction was unearthed by digging in Modřice near Brno.

three temporary camps situated in the foreland of the so called Moravian Gate (Olomouc-Neředín, Hulín-Pravčice, Osek)

The evidence of the relatively numerous camps constructed in the area of South-western Slovakia now come up for discussion. The temporary camps located in the vicinity of an earth-timber fort in Iža, South-western Slovakia, were of outstanding importance. At this site at least five ditched bivouacs of the Roman army were identified by aerial survey. They were of rectangular or trapezoidal shapes and were located close to one another.


The results of more recent research show that the site was not only used as an important military post but also as a principal supply base for the units stationed in its surroundings. Such an interpretation of the site, which might be also viewed as a large fortified „military settlement”, could be confirmed by the discovery of workshops, baths and other internal structures of a civilian nature. The long ditched fortification in the west of Burgstall carving out a large tract of land may be understood as a demonstration of a nucleus of the Roman occupation power, and is hitherto without precedence in the region beyond the Roman Frontier.

In the western operational area of the Roman army to the north of Carnuntum, where the action radius of the military activities has stepped deeper into the Germanic interior, the main base of the Romans must have been accordingly situated further to the north. A number of marching or temporary camps and other Roman arrangements in the neighbourhood of the fortified site at Burgstall is an evidence of one of the biggest concentrations of military installations in the area north of the Middle Danube that was not only an immense gathering ground of the Roman troops, a springboard for a further thrusts to the north, but also a nucles of the Roman occupational power.

The dislocation of further earthworks along the main route running to the north (Ivaň, Přibice, Modřice) and new discoveries in the Middle and North Moravia (Olomouc-Neředín, Osek, Hulín-Pravčice) indicated that the marches of the Roman forces, rather than having terminated in the Thaya-Svratka Basin, have continued, most probably to the north of Brno and further on by an ancient link, the so-called Vyškov Gate, in the north-eastern direction to the northernmost parts of Moravia. Traces of Roman camps which were discovered in this region and have yet to be verified by a field research would show the effort of the Roman commands to close off the access route to the Suebian settlement area from the north, from the territory of the present-day south Poland.

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