Spain and Portugal will have common celebration of the 500th anniversary of first circumnavigation of the Earth

Tulius

Ad Honorem
May 2016
4,860
Portugal
#1
Jan 2017
48
Italy, EU
#8
Your link points to Magellan. But Magellan died during the expedition and Elcano became the leader at that point. So the first was only Drake as the other user told me? Didn't someone else make it between the Magellan-Elcano expedition and him?
 
Mar 2019
278
Kansas
#9
Your link points to Magellan. But Magellan died during the expedition and Elcano became the leader at that point. So the first was only Drake as the other user told me? Didn't someone else make it between the Magellan-Elcano expedition and him?
No. A lot people would have sailed further than a true circumnavigation in a single voyage. But Drake's was only the second expedition that crossed the Pacific. Given there is a 50 year gap between Magellan and Drake. It shows what an amazing accomplishment that first trip was.
 

Tulius

Ad Honorem
May 2016
4,860
Portugal
#10
This makes me think: who has been the first Captain to circumnavigate the earth and was in charge of the expedition from the beginning to the end?
Magalhães and some of the Portuguese that were with him in the expedition and also some slaves from Molucas were the first humans to circumnavigate the planet. They had been in Molucas and returned to Molucas.

The survivors from the Magalhães-Elcano expedition were the first ones in one sole expedition, and here including Elcano that begun the expedition. He begun the travel as master of a ship and ended as Capitan.

We should note that the project was not to make the circumnavigation, since it was a Castilian expedition and doing the circumnavigation it would imply to use the Portuguese route of the cape, forbidden by the treaty of Tordesilhas. The return trough the route of the cape as only decided in the Philipines, since turning back was even an harder task. After that, those who followed, had a much easier task, even so some expeditions still didn’t fully succeed in their goals, such as the expedition of García Jofre de Loaísa that followed the Magalhães voyage but failed in the colonization of Molucas due to Portuguese opposition.

Later with the Treaty of Saragoça in 1529 it was agreed that the Molucas, known as the Spice Islands, belonged to Portugal.

Only much later (1565), after several expeditions, the Spanish were able to find a safe route trough the Pacific Ocean, in both ways, by Andrés de Urdaneta
and were able to begin to colonize the Philippines.

Francis Drake expedition, if you are thinking about his expedition, was made after all these events, in 1577-1580, and it was quite an impressive expedition, still hard for those days, but due to the information that he already had available we can’t put his expedition in the same level of difficulty of the first ones, such as the one by Magalhães-Elcano and even the one by Andrés de Urdaneta.
 

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