Captain does not equal professional soldier - not for a hidalgo.Francisco Pizarro was a keeper of pigs in his childhood... and he was a soldier in the Spanish Infantry. Not may yes or not.. .His father was a Hidalgo (Spanish Low nobility) Don Gonzalo Pizarro whose family settled in Trujillo (Extremadura, Kingdom of Castile in the Crown of Spain) in 13th Century. Don Gonzalo was a Professional Soldier, a Captain.. a veteran fought in Granada, Sicily, Naples and Navarra.
No.All the Pizarro´s family.. generation after generation had been soldiers (at least in in ARchives from early 14th Century): Don Rodrigo Alfonso Pizarro and his brother Martin Pizarro...both from Trujillo. They were Hidalgos as Cortes.
So we have that Pizarro´s family (at least from the last 10 generations) were soldiers.. (not bankers, sailors, trade men, farmers... but soldiers)
All Pizarro family had been hidalgos - that´s Francisco´s father´s family.
Not all Pizarro´s family - his mother´s family had been exactly farmers. And as a bastard, he was raised mostly by his mother´s family, not father´s.
And hidalgo does not equal professional soldier. Certainly Hernando Jr. boasted no military service after his father´s death in 1522. He joined the army along his father - but then went home to be a landlord rather than be a professional soldier in peacetime standing army.
A lot of hidalgos were not professional soldiers in being in standing army in peacetime - they fought in wars but went home to be landlords in peacetime.
Most of the men of Cajamarca were under 30 and had been at least 5 years in Indies. Overwhelmingly, they had been under 25 when they went to Indies - and Indies was the first time they had experience fighting.
35 years after his possible service.By Real Cédula, dated on December 22nd, 1537...not very much time as you say.. only 15 year after his father death...and when still lot of veterans are alive...
If in army then in infantry.It is obvious that Francisco Pizarro was a soldier in the Spanish infantry
Not cavalry. And that´s significant.
Francisco Pizarro first became notable in 1510, when Ojeda deserted his expedition to bring help and left Francisco Pizarro in charge of the 70 starving men left behind.To say he didn´t know how to use a sword..
By that point Francisco was 32 and had been in Indies for 8 years.
By then he had the skills and experience to lead, but since his past was so obscure, it is not clear whether that experience was acquited in Indies or whether he had brought any from Europe.
Overwhelming majority of conquistadors lacked military experience in Europe, because they went to Indies as young men. Fighting Indians was the first military experience they got.to say he lacked of military experience.. to say his family were a kind of "flower power".... you should prove.
Francisco had been doing it for 30 years before Cajamarca. And as I pointed out, the family who raised him - his maternal grandparents and mother - were peasants. He was a young man without previous experience setting out to get that experience, and got it - almost or quite all of it in Indies.
About getting control of Ollantaytambo area...
But Spaniards were directly forbidden to settle in Indian villages. Only short visits were allowed - even for the encomendero "in control" of the area.
The arrangements worked out during the conquest 1533-1537 required the Spaniards to stay in Cuzco city as a garrison, and leave the countryside around under the direct control of Indian chiefs, who would bring the taxes to the town. Areas were distributed and earmarked to individual Spaniards as encomenderos - about 90 people in Cuzco, so not all Spaniards in Cuzco were encomenderos, because by 1535, there were a total of 190 Spaniards.
The only Spaniards officially allowed to stay permanently in Indian villages were priests preaching to Indians, but there were few, because the priests did not want to go - the priests wanted to preach to Spaniards.
An encomendero in Cuzco would be a prominent person... but he was one of many peers living in the same city, and not the most prominent.