Pro-western reforms have already started under his father Aleksey Mikhailovich. Especially in military matters.Not inevitably. But perhaps!
I'm not sure Sweden would be able to stop the partitions of Poland, no. Perhaps Sweden would join in and help instead, but perhaps not. From what I've understood the underlying reasons for Poland's division would still be there, except now they'd be even stronger. Just generally I think it will be difficult for Sweden to take too great a role in Poland longterm: Poland is catholic, Poland is quite a bit larger in population than its other holdings, Poland has a history of a very unruly aristocracy and dynastic conflicts - besides, it's not even territorially continuous with Sweden. All of these things just make me question the ability of any Swedish or Swedish-tied monarch Charles XII might put on the throne to hold things together longterm. Poland is just tricky generally, I don't see Sweden realistically integrating its lands, I don't see Sweden realistically holding on to it for a very long time, and yet obviously Sweden has some use of it as a buffer-state. It's a suboptimal situation...Do you think that Sweden is going to be able to prevent the Partitions of Poland in this scenario?
Also, how many Swedes and other Scandinavians do you see moving to Livonia and Estonia in this scenario over the next couple of centuries?
Finally, is Sweden also going to aim for Courland, Lithuania, and/or East Prussia?
But Sweden never envisioned anything of the sort historically, and Charles won his war in Poland and so we know what kind of outcome was looked for – replacing August with Stanislav Lezczynski, and a Poland accepting peace with Sweden on pretty much status quo ante (peace, August out, Stanislaw in, alliance with Russia reneged on, Johan Patkul extradited to Sweden, and the Protestants in Silesia guaranteed freedom of religion (guaranteed by England and the Netherlands too) – and that's about it). Russia is an even bigger piece of meat to try to take chunks out of, meaning the stakes for failure to hold it is even higher – which why the reasonable assumption is that Peter gets the boot, and someone more amenable to making peace with Sweden, and willing to stop trying to take Swedish territory gets promoted.What about if Sweden will offer to partition Poland together with its neighbors as a way of buying itself some additional time and manpower?
Feudalism? Norway. No aristocracy in Norway. Bit of a matter of pride with the Norwegians.
To add on that point about Sweden: traditionally the peasants had representation in the Riksdag, and while our Riksdag was in some ways more similar to the French "Three Estates" than the English Parliament, it is nonetheless quite striking that it was FOUR and NOT three estates. I.e. the peasants had separate representation. In some ways it was arguably more egalitarian than the English system, although clearly not as functional. Of course the peasants' political importance was secondary to the burghers and aristocracy, but they were not totally powerless. I read a few interesting papers on this a year ago but I think they're all in Swedish...
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