The Battle of Ain Jalut, 1260

Salah

Forum Staff
Oct 2009
23,284
Maryland
#1
In September of 1260, one of the most dramatic battles of medieval history took place at Ain Jalut (the 'Springs of Goliath') in the Valley of Jezreel, in what is now Israel. A mamluk army under the command of Qutuz and Baibars crushingly defeated an Ilkhanid Mongol force under the command of Kitbuqa, who was himself captured and executed.

The Battle of Ain Jalut stands out for several reasons. Not only was it one of the few crushing Mongol defeats on record, it also witnessed the first recorded usage of hand-held firearms in battle.

What gave the mamluks their victory? Both armies would have been vaguely similar in equipment and tactics; also, the Mongols were using auxiliaries drawn from Georgia and elsewhere. Apparently Kitbuqa fell for one of the oldest tricks on the book, rashly pursuing the mamluks when they performed a feint. Even after they were subjected to a blistering counter-attack, the Mongols still put up stiff resistance, and reportedly died almost to a man.
 
Feb 2011
201
Cairo
#6
I heard the arab army fled the battlefield! they also fled from syria without a fight..

But the 12.000 mamluks won the battle against the mongols??
You heard wrong the bulk of the army at Ain Jalut was compromised of Egyptian Levies and Auxiliaries. The Mumlukes made up the Cavalry and Elite troops.

From what I understand of the battle, the levies formed the battle line and held against the mongols while the Mamlukes skirmished , feinted and preformed a flanking movement.
 
Last edited:
Jun 2013
32
swedan
#7
You heard wrong the bulk of the army at Ain Jalut was compromised of Egyptian Levies and Auxiliaries. The Mumlukes made up the Cavalry and Elite troops.

From what I understand of the battle, the levies formed the battle line and held against the mongols while the Mamlukes skirmished , feinted and preformed a flanking movement.
:D thats untrue even in the islamic historian teachings!!

Qutuz knew the levies and the assyrians were not ready to fight.. so he placed them in a place if they flee, there were Water behind them! so he was keeping the chance of them fleeing low.. and he keeped his 12.000 army behind.. so the levies and the assyrians started the battle.. after that they were pushed back and they fled the battle! just like Saifudin Qutuz thought! because he knew that those people already fled from syria without fighting.. he knew they already lost the battle because of the intimidation of the mongols were to powerful for the arabs.. they killed 1mio people in one day in Baghdad and builded moutains from there skulls.. they heard about this..
 
Last edited:
Feb 2011
201
Cairo
#8
:D thats untrue even in the islamic historian teachings!!

Qutuz knew the levies and the assyrians were not ready to fight.. so he placed them in a place if they flee, there were Water behind them! so he was keeping the chance of them fleeing low.. and he keeped his 12.000 army behind.. so the levies and the assyrians started the battle.. after that they were pushed back and they fled the battle! just like Saifudin Qutuz thought! because he knew that those people already fled from syria without fighting.. he knew they already lost the battle because of the intimidation of the mongols were to powerful for the arabs.. they killed 1mio people in one day in Baghdad and builded moutains from there skulls.. they heard about this..
The Assyrians and Arabs were not a factor in the battle.Again the Bulk of the Army that fought was compromised of Egyptian Levies and Mamlukes.
 
Last edited:
Jun 2013
32
swedan
#9
The Assyrians and Arabs were not a factor in the battle.Again the Bulk of the Army that fought was compromised of Egyptian Levies and Mamlukes.
You really need to search for how the muslims recorded this history! go to youtube listen to there lectures!

because the muslims have the best recorded documents on the mongols..
 
Jun 2013
973
I am a native of Rasht in Iran, but i live in Denm
#10
Well it was good that the Mamluks stopped the barbarian Mongols, if they didn't only god knows how many people would have gotten killed by those barbarians, much of Central Asia used to have an Iranian population until those bastards massacred them all, not to mention what crimes they did in Iran and what they did to the Arabs in Iraq.