- Oct 2018
That's a lot of dead children. Yes, I imagine the Plantagenet Dynasty would rank 'highly' when it comes to intra-dynastic killing in general.These examples make me think of my old joke that "dynasty" comes from "die nasty", from the nasty types of deaths the dynasty members tend to die.
To me the worst slaying on that list are the killings of teenagers or children.
The only Constantinian victim that I know was a child was Lincinius II (c. 315-c. 326), who was killed aged about 10 or 11. Possibly some of the others I am not familiar with were kids.
Among the Julio-Claudians listed only Tiberius Gemellus, Britannicus, and the children of Sejanus were kids.
I'm sure some dynasties could do much better - i mean worse - in the killing dynastic kids category.
What about the Plantagenet dynasty?
1. Arthur I Duke of Brittany and rightful King of England (29 March 1187-1203?) who disappeared when imprisoned by his uncle John in April 1203.
2. Edmund Earl of Rutland (17 May 1443-30 December 1460), died at the battle of Wakefield aged 17 years, 7 months, and 13 days. Edmund might have died fighting or been captured and later killed by the Lancastrians. In any case he was a victim of the Wars of the Roses. His head was displayed over the gate of York with his father's head.
3. Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales (13 October 1453- 4 May 1471), died at the Battle of Tewkesbury aged 17 years, 6 months & 21 days. He might have been killed fighting or been captured and later killed by the Yorkists.
4. King Edward V (2 November 1470-1483?) was King of England from 9 April to 25 June 1483. He and his brother Richard were seen less and less in public in the Tower of London and reportedly were not seen after the end of summer. Edward V would have turned thirteen on 2 November 1483 - if he was still alive.
5. Richard Duke of York and Norfolk (17 August 1473-1483?). The younger brother of deposed king Edward V, he was reportedly seen less and less often in public in the Tower of London and not seen after the end of summer 1483. Duke Richard would have turned ten on 17 August 1483 and eleven on 17 August 184 - if he was still alive.
If it counts to kill members of other royal dynasties the Plantagenets certainly killed a lot of other royalty.
One of the Welsh chronicles says that in about 1212 an official of King John hanged Maelgwyn ap Maelgwyn, a boy six years old. I think that Maelgwyn ap Maelgwyn would probably have been a son of Melgwyn ap Rees (d. 1231), a son of "The Lord Rhys", Rhys ap Gruffydd, Prince of South Wales (1132-1197), son of Gruffydd ap Rhys, King of Deheubarth (c. 1081-1137), descended from a long line of kings of Deheubarth.
King John forced Gwynedd to submit to him and give him hostages, and then instructed his officials to continue to advance into Gwynedd and take over more of it, bit by bit. Finally the people of Gwynedd struck back in 1212 against John's breaking of the peace terms. There is a story that when King John heard the news he rode to Nottingham Castle in a fury and ordered the hostages from Gwynedd hanged from the castles walls, 28 boys aged twelve to fourteen.
When it comes to killing people in general, not limited to members of the same dynasty, the Mongol dynasty may take the cake, killing tens of millions of people.