The Catholic Church invented the university

Jul 2016
885
Europe/Switzerland/Ticino
Salamanca was established by Alfonso IX of Castilla in 1218. In 1254 it was recognised by the Pope as one of the 4 best universities in the world and was put under the charge of the Bishop, Deacon and Rector, where it had previously been under the charge of the 'regular authorities'. Spanish, sorry:

Conoce la historia de la Universidad de Salamanca | Salamanca-University.org

Bologna Oxford Cambridge Padua and Paris universities are older than Salamanca.
 

johnincornwall

Ad Honorem
Nov 2010
7,806
Cornwall
Bologna Oxford Cambridge Padua and Paris universities are older than Salamanca.
Maybe ??

"It is the oldest university in operation in Spain. Although there are records of the University granting degrees many years before (James Trager's People's Chronology sets its foundation date in 1134), it only received the Royal chart of foundation as "Estudio General" in 1218, making it possibly the fourth or even the third oldest European university in continuous operations. However, it was the first European university to receive the title of "University" as such, granted by king of Castile and León, Alfonso X, and the Pope in 1254. Having been excluded from the University in 1852 by the Spanish government, the Faculties of Theology and Canon Law became the Pontifical University of Salamanca in 1940"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_medieval_universities
 
Mar 2013
445
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Maybe ??

"It is the oldest university in operation in Spain. Although there are records of the University granting degrees many years before (James Trager's People's Chronology sets its foundation date in 1134), it only received the Royal chart of foundation as "Estudio General" in 1218, making it possibly the fourth or even the third oldest European university in continuous operations. However, it was the first European university to receive the title of "University" as such, granted by king of Castile and León, Alfonso X, and the Pope in 1254. Having been excluded from the University in 1852 by the Spanish government, the Faculties of Theology and Canon Law became the Pontifical University of Salamanca in 1940"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_medieval_universities

That's the thing about universities: they do their thing long before they get official recognition.


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