- Apr 2015
British lacked religious zeal to convert Indians, so some of the regional warlords were ready to cooperate with him. Secondly, when Portuguese arrived the Mughals were very powerful back then, while the British conquest is India was triggered by faltering Mughal empire and India getting controlled by many regional warlords.Yeh, amazing how Portugal was able to develop an overseas empire in 1500 or so and conquer part of India. The distance must have been something like 15,000 kilometers by sea.
Yes, it is possible the British, French, and Dutch learned from mistakes of the early colonial efforts.
Britain was able to conquer most of India and a lot of the rest of the world using an indirect approach. Britain would use puppet local rulers, existing institutions, and quasi republican institutions. This partly reflects the limited monarchy in Britain and early approaches in Ireland with a bunch of little semi-countries under the English king.
Attitudes towards religion were different later on, but it is a contrast how Britain had a close relationship with the Catholic Church in Quebec to how Portugal had a hostile relationship with existing Indian Christians.