so I check the link above --- oh, my...yesterday the book was sold "NEW" for $1000.00+ and today, of all things, its now listed at $320.00 to $552.00. I would say that things are going a little crazy.....isn't this fun...
4 hrs ·
1507 RUYSCH WORLD MAP
The Westward Shifting of Brasil
Johannes Ruysch, from the Low Countries, produced this World Map in 1507. Ruysch knew his tradecraft and his map represents a significant, and historical, piece of work. Our interest is focused, relative to this slide, the westward shifting of the island of BRASIL and its longitude alignment to the Newfoundland-Nova Scotia Prime Meridian (located at -60.094486° longitude, Greenwich PM (GPM)).
Prior to Ruysch's 1507 work, Brasil was always situated off the southwest aspect of Ireland - amply illustrated on several portolan nautical charts. The portolan placement of Brasil was what I have termed a "spatial offset mnenomic," or in simple terms, a longitude offset. This offset utilized the Ptolemaic Fortunate Isle Prime Meridan, which was then understood (as a mnenomic) to represent the next 3 hours Right Ascension/45° shift to the WEST. This shift is what created the NF-NS PM, also called the WESTERN PARALLEL in the 1495 letter to the Sovereigns of Spain in Ferrar's attempt to explain where an alternate longitude positioning of the Line of Demarcation of the Treaty of Tordesillas may be located. (The LoD did, in fact, come to be positioned on the WESTERN PARALLEL).
Ruysch KNEW the ACTUAL longitude positioning of Brasil for he shifted it from the offset position off the southwest coast of Ireland to its proper position along the NF-NS PM/WESTERN PARALLEL/Line of Demarcation longitude axis. It isn't a difficult concept to grasp - so it is somewhat befuddling why 19th/20th/21st century scholars asserted that Brasil was some mysterious and fictional island.
As to WHY Ruysch shifted Brasil from its prior portolan chart's depiction of approximately 52° of latitude, or the De Virga World Map's more southerly (and accurate) latitude positioning between 44.61° and 45.66°, is unknown. Perhaps it was a space issue on the map (not highly plausible, though) or perhaps he was in possession of the very late 15th and very early 16th century explorations to this area of North America which identified the large tidal range of Ungava Bay adjacent to the Hudson Straight, which then influenced him to do a northerly latitude shift for Brasil. Here's the bottom line - Brasil was first illustrated on on the Angelino Dulcert Portolan of 1325. This was 167 years prior to Columbus making his 1492 voyage. Read the tea leaves... https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/…/4/47/Ruysch_map.jpg
for your reading and mathematical pleasure...…
MEGALITHIC YARD SUN-ELEVATION PI
Eratosthenes' Axial Tilt Value
Slide 1 of 6
Another six slide mini-series today. I am not going to blow FB up by posting the slides individually. This is a terrible approach on my part because when I take this approach, the other slides in the series are not viewed by YOU ALL – so this means that I just blew two days of work because the Facebook statistics tell me that no one looks at those other slides. Of course, this is EXACTLY what the skeptics and cynics want YOU to do…they want you to remain in the dark on the mechanism used to “place” the Newport Tower at the 41.48° of latitude. Why? Because if you understood WHY and HOW the NT was placed at the 41.48° latitude parallel you would NEVER accept the premise that the NT was originally constructed as the wind-powered gristmill of Benedict Arnold.
The slides lay out a DYNAMIC use of the Megalithic Yard value that Professor Thom discovered. This is original research – you are NOT going to find any other work which describes a DYNAMIC use of the MY. Read the slides…all six of them.
The first case (Slide 1) takes the Eratosthenes’ axial tilt value of 23°51’20” and runs it in the model that we developed illustrating how the Megalithic Yard and Royal Cubit values were codified when the Earth’s axial tilt was 24°. The Eratosthenes’ axial tilt value doesn’t nail the NT latitude, but the Summer Solstice Solar Noon Sun Elevation Pi [TAN (X°)] drops three miles north of the NT. We are in the neighborhood.
The second case (Slide 2) takes the Year 1362 axial tilt value of 23.52° and models it. The results show that the MY model blows up in Year 1362 – not an unexpected result as the change in Earth’s axial tilt is 0.48° from 24.0°.
The third case (Slide 3) used the EGG dimensions, which by now we are all quite aware that the dimensions give us a Royal Cubit and an up-scaled Megalithic Yard value. The model results came out to be three miles north of the NT. Not a bad result. Think about it…we just used the EGG dimension TRANSLATED INTO A MEGALITHIC MEASUREMENT to pinpoint a latitude on the Earth that is three miles to the north of the Newport Tower.
The fourth case (Slide 4) used the 10-14 numeric values on the KRS Side Inscription, up-scaled them to the Royal Cubit and then Megalithic Yard values, then ran the latter value in the model. Our result was fourteen miles to the south of the NT. The KRS values are WHOLE NUMBERS so the fidelity of the result isn’t going to be as precise as a four significant place numeric value (as in the third case). Regardless, the fourteen-mile offset is still in the neighborhood.
The fifth case (Slide 5) used the value of the Year 1362 Summer Solstice Sunrise Azimuth at the NT latitude – the sunrise azimuth was EXACTLY 57°. Run the MY values in the model and we are, again, THREE MILES NORTH OF THE PHYSICAL PLACEMENT OF THE NT. Furthermore, our Summer Solstice Solar Noon Sun Elevation, directly, is 72.00°. That value is the interior angle of the pentagram that Archimedes used in his geometrical proof establishing the Greek value of Pi.
22/7 was the fractional equivalent of Pi. It dates back to the Ancient Egyptians, and very likely extended back in time even further (on the basis of the 22 system of values).
360°/7 = 51.428571°. This computation returns what I term “Earth Pi.” Enjoy your visit to the Megalithic Henge monument at Avebury, England. Others have written of this.
Then there is the SUN ELEVATION PI. This is the zenith elevation of the Sun at Solar Noon on the Summer Solstice. Enjoy your visit to the 14th century monument in Newport, Rhode Island called the Newport Tower. The monument couldn’t be constructed in the ocean on the south side of Aquidneck Island – which is where the actual SUN ELEVATION PI value was located – so they moved it slightly to the north, back onto Aquidneck Island, and placed it on the latitude where the SOLAR NOON SUN ELEVATION was exactly 72°, the interior angle of the pentagram that Archimedes used in his geometric proof for PI.
They then texted their bubba’s back in Midlothian, Scotland and told them to inscribe a five-pointed star between the two southernmost lozenges on the sea chart on the wall within the Sacristy. The text reminded them to cover the inscribed drawing with layers and layers of paint so that no one would know about the sea chart. At least not until the mid-20th century when the paint was removed…and then Ashley Cowie came along a few decades later and figured out what it represented.
Slide 6 illustrates, to a degree, how the changing axial tilt of the Earth caused the MEGALITHIC YARD SUN-ELEVATION PI and the SOLAR NOON SUN ELEVATION PI to start moving across the landscape.
Your head is probably spinning with all of this. What does the Megalithic Yard and Royal Cubit have to do with the Newport Tower? What does all this talk about Pi have to do with the NT? Just tell us who built it, and why!!!
I have actually already done that. The NT is part of a matched set of monuments – the other monument being the Kensington Rune Stone - that preserved ANCIENT KNOWLEDGE and contemporaneous scientific knowledge of the 14th century. A simple premise, but complicated in drawing out the knowledge elements.
Why do civilizations build grand monuments? Part of it is to impress those who live(d) in that era, the other part is to exhibit the cutting-edge technologies and knowledge of that period. Has anyone seen any modern SKYSCRAPERS built to resemble the log cabin that Abraham Lincoln grew up in? See the point I am making?
Skeptics and cynics will never accept my assertions on the Newport Tower. They will continue to point to the mortar carbon dating results from the early 1990s. And they will continue to do so until I demonstrate why the C-14 dating of the mortar produced dates from the mid-1400s to the mid-21st century.
Remember…any exposure to water/moisture will cause a re-crystallization of the calcium carbonate in the mortar and produce a date that is younger than the actual date.
It’s January in Newport back in 1992. It’s cold so the ambient air isn’t going to hold as much water in a vapor state, known as relative humidity. But there is still a measure of relative humidity in the air. Take that air and then compress it into compressed air tank. Boyle’s Law tells us that a gas under compression increases temperature, which means that whatever moisture (relative humidity) in the air is going to remain entrapped inside the now-compressed and higher temperature gas inside the cylinder.
The Danish team which obtained the mortar samples from the Newport Tower used a masonry drill bit to drill up to 18” into the pillars/structure. On the last drill bit change prior to obtaining the soon-to-be-powderized mortar sample, they blew the drill bit AND the inside of the deepening hole out with compressed air from the cylinder.
Yep, that same compressed air cylinder containing the atmospheric gas containing the water vapor (relative humidity) that was present in the atmosphere before the compressor began compressing it. They begin blowing that hot, compressed air into the drilled hole…which is surrounded by rocks and mortar that has been cold-soaked all winter long up there in Newport. What is going to happen?
The entrapped water vapor is going to condense inside the deepening hole – coating the entire surface of the hole with WATER, however slight. Into the hole goes the drill bit, which continues to pulverize the rock and mortar it contacts, and that pulverized material then flows back down along the interior edges of the already drilled hole, making 100% contact with the now-condensed water vapor on the wall, eventually exiting the hole and dropping into the collection vials. The collection vials are sealed, transported back to Denmark, and during the entire time the now-contaminated-with-water mortar samples containing calcium carbonate are reacting with the newly-introduced WATER.
They do the C14 testing and the results come out, not surprisingly, YOUNGER than the 14th century. Some samples even come out with date results decades in the future from 1990.
The Danish team contaminated the mortar samples – and they know that they did.
There’s a reason why aircraft tires are serviced with 99.9% water-free NITROGREN. It’s because water vapor under compression does bad things when exposed to thermal differentials. In cold temperatures it condenses and freezes and in hot temperatures it expands and over-pressurizes the container that it is contained within. Aircraft tires get mighty hot on takeoff and landings.
Had they Danish team used 99.9% water-free nitrogen in blowing out the hole, we wouldn’t be writing about this topic. But they didn’t. They used a simple air compressor that blew compressed air containing water vapor (relative humidity) into the drilled hole right before the pulverized mortar powder traveled down the hole to be collected in their sample vials.
Next time you fill you tires up with air at the gas station…watch what comes out of the air nozzle.
background info...….and yes...the info is far and wide..
Phippsburg History Center October 16 at 7:11 AM
1367 PIZZIGANO PORTOLAN
It might seem a little strange to connect Mercator, John Dee, and the story of King Arthur to a late 14th century portolan chart, but that is where the research leads us. It revolves around Mercator's insertion of the island of GROCLAND (or "Greatland") onto his 1569 World Map. Mercator wasn't the first cartographer to identify this island/location - Pizzigano included it on his 1367 chart as a three-line descriptive text in the upper northwest section. Pizzigano's text provides more geographical description as to where "Greatland" was actually located.
Green, Thomas. “John Dee, King Arthur, and the Conquest of the Arctic.” The Heroic Age: A Journal of Early Medieval Northwestern Europe 15, (October 2012). Retrieved December 2015 http://www.heroicage.org/issues/15/green.php
more information for reading....question... "Where did all the money come from..." and just when you thought its was nailed...were the Knights Templar poor -- not a chance - when you control the trade routes....oh yea..trade in North America in tusks, wood, gold, etc. and yes Nova Scotia has gold And LOT OF IT...…and salt....hummm, lets see here --- dried cod needs a lot of salt and where possible did it come from. Do you really believe the start dates of the mid 1800's..I don't....
Real Crusades HistoryLike Page October 11 at 6:18 PM
Far from tottering on the brink of collapse, the crusader states in the early 13th century were prosperous and economically viable. Indeed, the inhabitants enjoyed an exceptionally high standard of living based both on local produce and trade. From sugar to silk, glass to cloth of gold, the crusader states were the source of many of the most coveted luxuries. Find out more at: http://realcrusadeshistory.blogspot.com
This simple table distills down the calculated values obtained using the Megalithic Yard, the 7920 Particula System, and 22 System of Values. It really isn't that complicated. In simple terms, the crib sheet fuses the elements of the three above-named systems.
Column 1 (Count): Number sequentially ordered from 1 to 22. The 7920 Particula System is a 22 System of Values. A particula is 1/22nd parts of 1°. Therefore, 22 particula per 1° * 360° = 7920 particula.
Column 2 (MY (NMile)): The value of the Megalithic Yard (MY); 21,600 nautical miles / 7920 particula = 2.727272. This numeric value is the same as the MY value. Recognize that in this usage, the MY numeric value is the proportion of the Earth’s circumference expressed in nautical miles and particula. We have streamed the 2.727272 value into every cell in the second column because we are going to do some computations.
Column 3 (Aggregate, MY (NMile)): Add twenty-two of the 2.727272 numeric values together and you will end up with an aggregate total of 59.999984. This is equivalent to 60. How interesting is this? There are 60 nautical miles in 1°. Each nautical mile has a dimension of one arc-minute. Clearly there is a mathematical relationship between the 2.727272 numeric value and the geodetic measure of 60 arc-minutes comprising 1°. Simply put, the Megalithic Yard numeric value in this usage case looks to be 2.727272 arc-minutes (nautical miles).
Column 4 (Length of MY (ES Feet)): The 16363.636363 value is derived from the fact that 6000 English Statute FEET is equal to the ancient NAUTICAL MILE dimension:
MEGALITHIC & 7920 PARTICULA SYSTEM
Cross-over to Eratosthenes & Ptolemy Stade
Slide 3 (Appended) https://www.facebook.com/114338978642314/photos/a.114955778580634/1878821662194028/?type=3&theater
2.727272 nautical miles * 6000’ ES = 16363.636363’ ES
We have streamed this result into every cell in the fourth column because we are going to do some computations.
Column 5 (Value (ES Feet)): A serial addition as one moves down the column. It is very interesting that the numeric value of the 7th 22 occurrence has a value that is in consonance with the 114.545454° Earth DIAMETER measure in the Gks 1812, 4to – but it would have to be divided by 1000 in order to shift that decimal point three places to the left. Another very interesting value is the 360,000 end-point value. Again, a division by 1000 would make this value 360, which would be equal to 360°. You have seen discussion on this effect, I call it number, or value, “consonance.” Other writers see this same effect and they mention that with a “decimal shift” the numeric value would match exactly a value that they seek.
Column 6 (NMiles (6000 ES Feet)): We have done a division of the “Value (ES Feet) by 6000. We are working in NAUTICAL MILES. This division by 6000 returns the same value as what is found in the “Aggregate, MY (NMile)” column (to be expected).
Column 7 (Value (ES Feet)/60)): Somewhat of a shot in the dark for me…in the sense that I wasn’t looking at the results of the “Value (ES Feet)” column and deducing that doing a division by 60 would produce results that have “consonance” to the values found in the “Aggregate, MY (NMile)” column, but with a two-place shift left in the decimal point (a division by 100). The division by 100 is due to the 6000’ ES value for the dimension of a nautical mile being divided by 60; 6000 / 60 = 100.
Column 8 (Value (ES Feet)/360): We did a division by 60 in the previous column, so we upscaled and did a division by 360 this time. The 60:360 ratio is a 6-fold increase, so it stands that the result would be a 6-fold reduction. And that is what happened. The end-point value at 22 was 1000.
Column 9 (Value (ES Feet)/1000): It is easy to see what was done, we did a division by 1000 of the “Value (ES Feet) column results. We can do this because when we look at the end-point result of the “Value (ES Feet)” and “Value (ES Feet)/360” columns we find a 360,000:1000 ratio…so that is what we divided by. Out pops our 114.545454° Earth DIAMETER value from the Gks 1812, 4to and our 360° Great Circle circumference.
The yellow-shaded cells in the “11” count row reflect the mid-point of the 22 System of Values. Since there is an even division, one could down-scale the 22 System of Values into an 11 System of Values and not violate the overall numerical model. Think of this as a type of SCALE.
We are working WITHIN a 1° slice of the geodetic Earth, which has been subdivided into 22 portions, each individual portion known as a particula. Computationally, when we hit the 22nd particula value, we have VERY CLEAN NUMERIC VALUES. In simple terms, we arrive at WHOLE NUMBERS. The model has FIDELITY. The 2.727272 Megalithic numeric value rolls up to a nice, clean value of 60. Our “Value (ES Feet)/360” numeric value rolls up to a nice, clean value of 1000.
No fractions. Sexagesimal and base-10 values producing no fractional values.
This is exactly how numeric models are designed, the INITIAL LARGE VALUES ARE WHOLE NUMBERS. This enables one to up-scale and down-scale while working in whole number units. If you start your numeric model with fractional units, then every conversion up or down is going to be inflicted with fractional units.
In front of you is a simple crib sheet that illustrates how one of the Megalithic System of Values, namely the 2.727272 numeric value, explains the relationship as it exists to the 21,600 nautical mile Earth circumference. The values are CLEAN, WHOLE NUMBERS. We know that the 7920-integer of the 7920 Particula System of values illustrates the ancient Megalithic System as it relates to the geodetic Earth. I can’t find a cross-over (conversion) in this model to the 7920 English Statute Mile Earth diameter. Sure, the integer value is the same, and we know that integer value is tied to the Megalithic System, but that is where it ends.
There is NO conversion.
The 7920 English Statute Mile Earth diameter was grafted onto the geodetic Earth model at a point in time long after the Megalithic System and the 7920 Particula System originated. Someone took the 7920-integer and shaped a new dimensional value, the 5280-foot English Statute Mile, and placed it into the mix. This isn’t conjecture. We are going to present two additional crib sheet runs, one using the alternately asserted value for Eratosthenes’ stade (521.534668’ ES) and the second being the present-day value of the nautical mile (6076.12’ ES), both of which mathematically demonstrate that the 7920 ESM was an appended dimension.
In both of these cases, the crib-sheet models BLOW UP. We lose our whole number values and they shift to fractionalized units of measure. This violates the underlying principle that numeric models are based on whole number values. The models corrupt, they lose their FIDELITY. ONE DOESN’T START WITH FRACTIONALIZED UNITS OF MEASURE!!
Additionally, and we have not yet posted this, we did an analysis on the value table found in Johannes Schöner’s “Luculentissima…”, the table providing the dimensional value between any two adjacent longitude meridians. Schoner ran the values from the Equator up to the North Pole. This allowed us to extrapolate the dimensional values to determine the circumference of the Earth.
Schöner’s values do NOT deconstruct back to the 7920 English Statute Mile diameter value of the Earth. They deconstruct back to the Gks 1812, 4to 7920 Particula System and then further back to Eratosthenes’ Earth circumference value of 24545.454545 ESM, which in turn was constructed from a 6000’ ES dimension for a nautical mile, which then flows back to a 514.285714’ ES dimensional measure of Eratosthenes’ stade. And, of course, this then flows back to the Megalithic System…whose crib sheet is the slide you are looking at.
Schöner, Johann. Luculentissima quaedā terrae totius descriptio: cū multis vtilissimis cosmographiæ iniciis. Nouaq, & q̄ ante fuit verior Europæ nostræ formatio. Præterea, fluuiorū ... & gentium q̄plurimorū vetustissima nomina recentioribus admixta vocabulis .. Noribergæ: Impressum ī excusoria officina Ioannis Stuchssen, 1515. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/luculentissimaqu00schn.
If you have ever read any web pages or books on this geodetic Earth metrology…you would have seen that one of the STARTING POINTS is the 7920 English Statute Mile Earth diameter. They typically say this is an ANCIENT dimension. I have read it a million times over the last couple of years. They then start down-converting the 7920-integer value into about twenty million other units of measure, none of which I could really give two figs about. By the time I get to the third page of fractions and square root computations I want to throw myself off the Golden Gate Bridge and take my chances of surviving.
Three hundred pages of rapid skimming later, I have finished that particular book and onto the shelf it goes. Then I tell myself, yet again, never to read a book on ancient metrology while walking across the Golden Gate Bridge.
The pertinent point here is that folks have been STARTING with the 7920 English Statute Mile Earth diameter. That is the last value in the entire stream of values. They get it to work because the 7920-integer value is actually the ancient part of the dimension. The 5280-foot increments that make up the statute mile, which then makes up the 7920-diameter value, are not ancient – nor do they convert into the ancient system(s) of measures…the Megalithic and 7920 Particula Systems.
In all fairness, up until just a few months ago, very few people knew of the Gks 1812, 4to Icelandic manuscript (I didn’t) - and NO metrologists had ever so much as uttered the word particula. Without knowing about the 7920 Particula System, the only recourse for metrologists was to accept the 7920 English Statute Mile Earth diameter as an ancient value.
Again, in all fairness, I will admit that I have been tossing around the 7920 ESM diameter value around as “proof” that the Gks 1812, 4to particula value was strongly suggestive of an ancient dimensional connection – and I did so without being able to deduce the actual conversion path from an Earth diameter measure back into the 2.727272 Megalithic system. I never could find a valid conversion.
The work that we accomplished over the last two weeks has provided a new method of analysis to see if we could find a conversion. We employed the new analysis, yet, we still could find a conversion.
Modern Earth Circumference - 7920 ESM of 5280’ ES = 41,817,600’ ES - 41,817,600’ ES * 22/7 = 131,426,742.857142’ ES or 24,891.428571 ES Mile Earth Circumference
Eratosthenes’/7920 PARTICULA/Megalithic Earth Circumference - 252,000 stade (Eratosthenes)/ [360° * 60 minutes] = 11.666666 stade (Eratosthenes) per nm - X’ ES / 11.6666667 stade = 514.285714’ ES; X = 6000.000013’ ES per nm -6000’ ES per 1 nautical mile
- 360,000’ ES per 1° * 360° = 129,600,000’ ES Earth Circumference, or 24545.454545 ESM
MODERN COMPARED TO ERATOSTHENES’/7920 PARTICULA/MEGALITHIC
-24,891.428571 ESM (modern) minus 24545.454545 ESM (Eratosthenes’) = Δ 345.974026 ESM - 345.974026 ESM * 5280’ ES = Δ 1,826,742.85728’ ES - 24545.454545 ESM/24,891.428571 ESM = 0.9861006761; alternately 0.0138993238