The Kensington Runestone

Jul 2018
And the last post for today. A LOT of information here. And yes, the researchers have 33 MAPS......that's a double "damn"....
Phippsburg History Center

Steve DiMarzo and I have collated 33 maps depicting the Narragansett Bay area from 1527 to 1639 into a spreadsheet (then converted to a publicly-shared pdf file). The URL for each map is provided. There were two cartographers on the 1524 exploration of Giovanni Verrazzano. The first was Vesconte Maggiolo; he produced maps in 1527 and 1531 documenting the exploration. The second cartographer was Geronimo (Hieronimo) Verrazzano, Giovanni’s brother. The Verrazzano Map was produced in 1529.

Both maps placed the Cape of Sancte Maria to the NORTH of Narragansett Bay. Most cartographical historians assign this cape to the locale of Cape Cod.

Battista Agnese, around 1543, shifted Cape of Sancte Maria to the SOUTH of Narragansett Bay. This would result in this cape now representing the northern terminus of Long Island.

The 1527 and 1531 maps of Maggiolo are the only maps which used the toponym label of JOVIUM (IOVUM) PROMONTORY. Maggiolo’s use of JOVIUM/IOVUM makes sense as he was present on the exploration and had first-hand knowledge of its discussion – and subsequent annotation in the marginalia of Giovanni Verrazzano’s margin note on the July 1524 Céllere Codex letter.

The REFUGIO toponym label, again remarked upon in the Céllere Codex, is found only on the 1527 Maggiolo Map and the 1529 Verrazzano Map. Subsequent to these maps, the toponym label shifted to a form of CHRIST, whether written as CHRISTUS/CHRISTOVAL or a Christogram form such as XPOval.

In 1569, Mercator did a variation on the Christogram form of XPO and utilized C. de leXUS. This toponym is a merging of the -le article with the -Xus spelling – which is CHRISTUS.

We find the toponym label of Luisa demarking present-day Block Island on the earliest maps. This label towards the latter part of the 16th century switched to Claudia. In the early part of the 17th century the Dutch assigned the toponym of BLOCK to the island.

The confusion over what peninsula, or cape, was actually SANCTE MARIA affects the deconstruct of where ORANBEGA/NORUMBEGA was illustrated on the various maps. The correct location of SANCTE MARIA is Cape Cod, based on the Maggiolo, Verrazzano, and the 1544 Sebastian Cabot Map.

Why did cartographers abandon the REFUGIO and JOVIUM/IOVUM toponym labels for Christogram-based labels?

We can’t say with absolute certainty, but I will venture a 99.99999% correct deduction. Verrazzano studded his Céllere Codex letter with allegorical/metaphorical references that are CLEARLY connected to the Church.

Isle of Rhodes is the starting point. Rhodes was spelled any number of ways in the 16th century. One variation is ROD…this word has an alternate meaning of ROED/ROOD/ROD for church.

“Refugio” is where one seeks refuge, or sanctuary. In a religious connotation this is implicit for a CHURCH.

“La Vra” denotes monastery (or CHURCH).


“Petra Viva” is a phrase used to describe the larger Roman Catholic CHURCH.

Verrazzano never directly remarked, at least not in non-metaphorical and non-allegorical terms, in the Célere Codex that there was a CHURCH there in Narragansett Bay.

He didn’t need to – he used terms that were unmistakable in their metaphorical usage.

In 1529, a mere five years after Verrazzano’s visit to Narragansett Bay, Portuguese cartographer Diego Ribero assigned the toponym of “B. DE S. CHRISTOVAL” to Narragansett Bay.

CHRIST was there in Narragansett Bay. He would remain there, on map toponym labels, for the next century.


Because there was a CHURCH there.

A circular nave just like the nineteen circular-nave churches constructed in the 12th/13th/14th century in England.

Similar to the round churches constructed in Scandinavia in the same era.

Just like the circular nave constructed over the Tomb of Jesus in Jerusalem.

Similar in form to the circular-nave church constructed in Paris, France.

Example after example tells us that the Newport Tower was a CHURCH.
Last Thursday, just before darkness descended, I visited the Newport Tower. Another hard winter for it. Chunks of mortar littered the area inside the fence, cast off by the coldness of winter. Metaphorically, it represents the same indifference that academics ascribe to in their view of the Newport Tower. They say that science – the C14 dating – dates the tower to the Colonial Era, that it is nothing more than a stone-built, wind-powered grist mill. Science is wrong.

The academics are WRONG.

Google Drive shared file:

Jul 2018
A recap on the "Hooked X". Is it genuine - what do you think...
Phippsburg History Center

The Hooked X (HX) runic character on the North American rune stones serve multiple purposes, one being the -AE linguistic usage. It has oft been stated that the HX rune form, in the linguistic sense, represents a Medieval Era transition from a suspected Latin character form to a runic HX. Runologist George Flom remarked upon this in 1910. The Danish philologist, William Thalbitzer, likewise said much the same in 1949. It is an obvious connection, one that has been pooh-paahed by other Scandinavian runologists.

Following the lead of these scholars, researcher Steve Dimarzo has screened countless Medieval Era manuscripts for the -AE scribal abbreviation form. My email inbox suffered tremendously from Steve's steadfast work. Now, I am glad to say, it has been cleaned up a bit.

We collated the previously unpublished screen captures into a MS Word document, converted it to a pdf file, and it is shared here on Google Drive:

There are no great discoveries in this particular data set. However, what it illustrates is the everyday use of the -AE scribal abbreviation in the written LATIN works of the Medieval Era.

Present-day Scandinavian runologists aren't interested in this type of research. They are far more interested in their discoveries of late 19th century HX forms inscribed on the interior of a barn, on a wooden fraternity paddle, and, of course, within the 1883/1885 Larrson Rune Row school assignment. These examples, they believe, demonstrate the SECRET runic characters from which they assert gave rise to the "hoaxed" KRS/SPR.

The last time I checked, the KRS has an inscribed date of 1362 on it. Shouldn't the research focus be on the period PRIOR TO 1362?

Not for the Scandinavian runologists...who have long discarded any pursuit of the truth and, instead, sought out evidence to support the "abortion it uses as an a-rune" assertion made by other 19th and 20th century Scandinavian runologists.

The HX linguistic usage is clearly an outgrowth of the Latin -AE scribal abbreviation form. The vowel pattern is the same and in numerous examples we can SEE the X with a Hook written form quite distinctly (both in this file and other previous posts).

To counter the -AE scribal abbreviation being the basis for the HX, present-day acolytes of the Scandinavian runologists point out that the SPELLING of the inscribed words on the KRS reflect both -A and -AE usages; therefore, in some convoluted way, the -AE scribal abbreviation CANNOT be the basis for the HX.


-As in the word LUNÆ found on page 12 of the file? We spell that word as LUNA, today.
-As in the word SANCTÆ found on page 14 of the file? We spell that word as SANCTE, today.
-As in the word ROMÆ found on page 14 of the file? We spell that word as ROME, today.
-As in the word EUROPÆ found on page 15 of the file? We spell that word as EUROPE, today.
-As in the word MARIÆ found on page 17 of the file? We spell that word as MARIA, today.

Is there any difference in pronounciation for MARIÆ vs. MARIA? No.

There are probably many folks out there who are enthralled by runes. I am not one of them.

Runes are symbols. That is all. There is NO spoken language associated with runes. You can't go through the McDonald's drive-thru and order anything by speaking "runes." At least in the Edsel you could drive it through the drive-thru.
Phippsburg History Center

AS THIS POST IS MORE THEN 10,000 characters, I would encourage all to click the link and read the WHOLE posting. --- "History isn't what you have been taught"....(Wolter).

And for those who believed in "continent isolation", I would think you might want to reconsider this thought.
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Jul 2018
Starting Monday off with a bang.....enjoy

Phippsburg History Center

Depicts Newport Tower
Zoom-ins and color splashing of the feature projecting from the shoreline at the Newport Tower latitude. Steve saw it, I saw it, and you can see it.

Fringe researchers enjoy music, as well. Lot’s of songs about eyes. Couldn’t find any titled “Debunker Crying Eyes.” Must have not been a hit.

-The Platters - Smoke Gets In Your Eyes
-Van Morrison - Brown Eyed Girl (Audio)
-Sugarloaf - Green-Eyed Lady (Original Song HQ) 1970
-My Eyes Adored You - Frankie Valli
-Crosby, Stills & Nash - Suite: Judy Blue Eyes (Studio Version)
-The Who - Behind Blue Eyes (HQ)

1568 Turkish Map:

Jul 2018
post two - even the "Turks" were in on it.. BUT NOT the American academics... double damn....
Phippsburg History Center

Depicts Newport Tower
Researcher Steve DiMarzo noted the feature projecting from the shoreline into the ocean slightly above the 40th parallel. We analyzed the feature’s placement. Its center-point is at 42° latitude. The southern extension of the feature is at 41.5° latitude. The Newport Tower is situated at 41.485819° latitude.

This is a match.

The feature is assessed to be the Newport Tower. The top is circular/oval in form. The sides of the feature are distinct and taper, unbroken, from the shoreline to the circular/oval top. The dark vertical line within the body of the feature is likely a window.

Comparison of the feature to the coastal landforms reveals that the landforms are typically wavy, or indented. The projection feature is not.

This particular map has an interesting history:

“Derived from Oronce Finé's cordiform world map of 1534 with more place names and an updated coastline for the Americas, this map was reputedly drawn with extensive commentary by Hadji Admad (or Hajji Ahmed), a Tunisian slave. One of the Arabic notations gives the supposed date of creation as 1559 (or 967 A.H.). Six woodblocks of the map were made, but the government seized the blocks and suppressed the project for political, as well as religious, reasons. The latest research on the map done by Benjamin Arbel suggests that this map was prepared by Giacomo Gastaldi in 1553 by order of the Venetian authorities, that the name Hajji Ahmed was a pseudonym used to promote the map in the Ottoman provinces, and that Marc Antonio Giustinian later obtained the plates from Gastaldi and was granted a privilege to print them in 1568. In 1795, Christoforo Antonio Loredan, superintendent of the criminal archives of the Venetian Council of Ten, found the blocks which had been stored and forgotten and had the state printer make an impression. Twenty-four impression were made from the blocks (only eleven are known to have survived). The blocks themselves are still in the library of San Marco in Venice, but have been split for many years and no more impressions may be made from them.” (Commentary on map file within the JCB Library database.)

Why would such a simple map create such a ruckus, in Venice, back in 1553/1559? This was the same approximate period in which the Zeno Narrative (1558) was published.

Could it be a case of ‘too much, too soon?’

Regardless of the reasons, probably lost to history, the feature projection from the shoreline is a tower structure and it correlates to the geodetic position of the Newport Tower.

1568 Turkish Map:
Jul 2018
Of course, we can't let this one go without at least one "puzzle" question.....its called "go figure"...:freeze:. Of importance is the 2nd comment of the lower right hand corner. This leaves the "Arnold thing" pretty much in the dust. If your still not convinced, well, not much I can do about that. But then, the "powers to be" are taking their own steps (one at a time - don't want to upset the academics, now do we).
Two more states are dumping Christopher Columbus to celebrate indigenous people instead
Phippsburg History Center

This summary slide illustrates the depictions of the Newport Tower prior to 1639, the year that Newport was settled in the Colonial Era.

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Jul 2018
back again with all kinds of "situations". this one is a "head scratcher"...hummm
Phippsburg History Center


File share:

What cartographer in the early 16th century used the HOOKED X symbol for the -AE digraph?

What cartographer in the early 16th century used the CROSS WITH FOUR DOT symbol offshore of the ISLE OF RHODES?

What cartographer in the early 16th century accompanied Giovanni Verrazzano in 1524 on the exploration which spent fifteen days in Narragansett Bay?

What is the entry point for the island of Rhodes into American history? Could it be Verrazzano’s July 1524 Célere Codex recounting his exploration to North America? And who was on this exploration?

follow this link for the posting.....many many pics.... of course their maps....maps like these can't be fakes or forgeries..

Phippsburg History Center
Vesconte Maggiolo was on the inside. He used the Hooked X form, he placed the cross with four dots at the entrance to Narragansett Bay, and he placed the same symbol off the northern and eastern aspect of the island of Rhodes…you know the island…the one with the massive Knights Hospitalier Cross encompassing the entire island…in water that was, at a minimum, 500 feet deep. The symbol doesn’t mark an obstacle to navigation…for there are none in either area!

The cross with four dots is both a religious and a geodetic symbol. We all get the religious symbolism - a cross represents Christianity. The geodetic symbolism is more subtle. The cross itself is four points. Add an additional four points and now you have eight points. A 360-degree circle divided into eight sections returns arc segments of 45 degrees. We have 22/8.

Just like the eight facets of the Great Pyramid.

22 and 8 are on the Kensington Rune Stone. Just like the Hooked X found on Maggiolo’s 1508 Map.
It is uncanny that where we history records a Templar presence, or where they have been asserted to have traveled (Narragansett Bay and southern Nova Scotia’s Overton Stone)…we find the cross with four dot symbology.

Who constructed nineteen of the circular churches in England?

Who constructed the circular church, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, over the tomb of Jesus?

The tomb of Jesus was hewn from rock. What term has this rock been referred to historically?
The 1544 Sebastian Cabot Map uses a slightly different cross with dot form on it. We’ll discuss that in a later post covering Sebastian Cabot’s 1508/09 exploration of the eastern seaboard of North America.

The recent research focus on Sebastian Cabot led to an interesting discovery. Cabot and John Dee knew each other and worked together:

“Dee brought instruments of navigation back from the Continent when he returned in 1551. From 1555 he was a consultant to the Muscovy Company. The Muscovy Company was formed in 1555 by the navigator and explorer Sebastian Cabot together with a number of London merchants. It was granted a monopoly of Anglo-Russian trade and had as one of its aims the search for the Northeast Passage. Dee prepared nautical information, including charts for navigation in the polar regions, for the company during the next 32 years. He instructed the crews on geometry and cosmography before they left for voyages to North America in 1576.” (

Hmmm…now we know how John Dee became so knowledgeable about Narragansett Bay.

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