The Kensington Runestone

Jul 2018
check list ---- and its getting longer....isn't this exciting. Written proof the Newport Tower existed and it WAS GENERAL knowledge in the shipping world at that time (time before that Arnold guy was given credit by "isolationists" who have seen been so greatly discredited its amazing they still have jobs)

Notice especially #19 -- that's how far and wide the group has gone.....should be a concern to "limited view academics".....

Phippsburg History Center

Map & Globe Index
02 Oct 2019 Update
-Added 1414 DeVirga, 1426 Beccario.
-Dropped 1530 the POTENTIAL "Verrazzano Globe" from Spain as the photographs received on 01Oct2019 revealed no tower markings.
-Next update will include 1511 Salvat de Pilestrina map.
We have run out of space on the slide...we'll have to move the POTENTIAL items onto another slide.

Jul 2018
2nd posting today...much excitement ….when reading this, you get to the altered text about the "spirit pond stone", please pay attention to the numbers. if you remember the numbering on the Kensington Stone, then all of the numbers should be like getting hit with a train wreck....enjoy.,
Phippsburg History Center

1500 "Juan de la Cosa Chart"

There are quite a few versions of this map on the Internet…yesterday we were lucky enough to find a better version than we had previously. Here is where it is at:

Initially we zoomed into this version, grabbed a snippet of the (eventual) New England area, and then dropped it into MS PowerPoint. A few hours later we discovered that even prior to grabbing a snip, we could super-zoom into the map. This technique doesn’t always work, but it did this time. Open up the web page, go to your File Menu up top, select View, and then increase the magnification. We increased it to 300% and then used the wheel on the mouse to increase the image even more. It worked really well. Try it…

I believe there is a 99.9% likelihood that the Newport Tower is on this map. In fact, I believe it is in two locations on the map…one within Narragansett Bay and the second one in the ocean, off the headland on the east side of the bay.

Let’s get you situated. As you are looking at this map on the web page, North America is the large, green-colored landmass in the upper left quadrant. This is very clear as the Gulf of Mexico and South America are below it (situated to the south). Now, on the North American landmass, up towards the top, you can see the coastline drive to the south and then take an abrupt turn and head directly to the west. This presentation of the North American coastline can be found on the 1507/1508 Ruysch map. The east-to-west coastline area is the area we focus on.

Once you zoom into the region we are talking about…you can see an area just off the coast which is studded with islands. This is the Penobscot Bay area up in Maine. Once you find this, continue further to the west along the coastline to get to Narragansett Bay.

Now, it all that apparent exactly when we get to Narragansett Bay. It took me a couple hours to get that figured out with certainty. What I did notice is that there seemed to be a large, dark-lined rectangular outline that was offset just a bit off of an azimuth line. So, I looked at that area.

I picked up on the feature in the ocean off of the headland first. It was rectangular in shape. Clearly it was not just dirt on the map, the lines had been drawn onto the map. After a little bit of time fiddling with the image, and while talking with Steve DiMarzo who was looking at the same image on his computer, Steve tells me to flip the image 180°. Instead of having the ocean at the bottom of the image, have the land on the bottom and look out to sea. When I did this, it all fell into place. The top of the rectangular feature had a pole/pennant attached to it. One can see the dot on the top of the tower where the pole/pennant is attached…and then the pole/pennant extends out even further into the ocean and then veers to the left.

There are other examples of the tower illustrations having poles/pennants attached to it. You can see three of these in the inset photos.

While analyzing the image in MS PowerPoint, which means that we were adjusting the brightness and contrast levels, we were able to pick up the boundaries of the Narragansett Bay. Within the bay there is a pretty strong feature which has a cylindrical (three-dimensional) appearance. The appearance reminds me of the cylindrical tower found on the c. 1490 Columbus World map. If you are a skeptic/debunker, then the feature on the Columbus map will look like an “angry squirrel.”

The Cosa chart, which is ~36” x 72”, is not going to win any prizes for latitude accuracy relative to the landform placement of areas over in North America. But it does have two geodetic dimensioning components that are spectacular.

The first is the Line of Demarcation (LoD) stemming from the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas. The LoD is the blue line approximately 1/3rd of the way in from the left side of the map. The LoD runs north to south.

The second component is a dimensioning scale at the BOTTOM of the map. I started counting the divisions on that scale, starting from the LoD and then moving WEST. At the 40th division I drew a line up to the north to intersect the North American continent. This line drove into the eastern boundary of Penobscot Bay.

Why did I choose to count 40 divisions?

Because on the reverse side of the Spirit Pond Map Stone there is a geographic coordinate of 40, 44. The 40 value is the ARCED-X symbol from the c. 1250 Spanish-constructed astrolabe. The 40 value represents 40 MINUTES of longitude WEST of the Line of Demarcation. The 44 value is the tallymark immediately after the ARCED-X symbol. This represents 44 ° of latitude.

In the Medieval Era, which corresponds to the 1401/1402 dating of the Spirit Pond Rune Stones, a geographic coordinate was expressed using the sequencing convention of LONGITUDE, LATITUDE.

The second geographic coordinate on the Spirit Pond Rune Stones is found on what is referred to as the Inscription Stone. The runic inscription reads: “12: RISI: VIST: 12: NOR: 10.” This translates to ’12: traveled/journeyed: WEST: 12: NORTH: 10.”

Twelve folks journeyed [to] WEST 12, NORTH 10.

NORTH 10 is a latitude component, referenced to Jerusalem, which in the Medieval Era was the center of the world. The latitude of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem is 31.78°. If one adds 10° to this value, you end up at 41.78° of latitude. The Newport Tower’s latitude is 41.48°.

WEST 12 is the longitude component, referenced to the Line of Demarcation, which was previously called the “Western Parallel” in Jaime Ferrer’s 1495 letter to the Sovereigns of Spain explaining where the LoD was located. I called this longitude meridian the Newfoundland-Nova Scotia Prime Meridian because it is where the 0° longitude unit scale of Claudius Clavus’s 1427 First Map of the North/Nancy Map is situated.

WEST 12 is 12° west of the LoD. Twelve degrees of longitude has an equivalent value of 48 minutes of longitude.

I know all of this, and since you, by now, are well aware of the geographic coordinates on the Spirit Pond Rune Stones, you know all this as well.

So, we went looking on the dimension scale at the bottom of the 1500 “Juan de la Cosa Chart” for where the 48th division was. Well, it wasn’t there…so we drew a line extending south from the tower illustration on the map…and then did some math. We arrived at…48.78 MINUTES.

In short, the dimensioning scale at the bottom of the Cosa Chart is LONGITUDE MINUTES. Using that scale, we just confirmed the assertion we made three years ago that the geographic coordinates on the Inscription Stone referenced Narragansett Bay. The Cosa Chart…made in the Year 1500…provides evidence of that. The 40, 44 geographic coordinate on the reverse of the Map Stone, given that the latitude degrees are whole numbers, can fall anywhere from Phippsburg, ME (Spirit Pond) up to Penobscot Bay.
We will share a slide deck in a few days. We already have it partially done. We will also contact the museum to see if they might have, or would be willing to take, a high-resolution photograph that is zoomed into the northeastern seaboard of North America.

In the meantime, I would wish that you all – at least some of you – go take a look at the Cosa chart on the website and, if you have MS PowerPoint, drill down into the image.

Jul 2018
and then there is this....enjoy -- no comments necessary as the "Hooked X" and the Newport Tower are marked and the explanations provided.THE DATE OF THIS IS ==== 1516 AD...just a few years (24) after that Columbus guy.

Phippsburg History Center

1516 Vesconte Maggiolo Portolan Chart
Huntington Library (California)
Maggiolo put an X with a hook and two astrological symbols, one being an equivalent, in the toponym for FIXLANDA. There are slides in the deck which explain what Maggiolo did, and why he did it. Fixlanda wasn't Iceland, although that is what the deception wanted folks to believe. Fixlanda was the Narragansett Bay area. The connection is the two astrological symbols and the X with a hook. Take the time to read, or simply download and then read, the shared files. It is all explained in there.
There are numerous drawn images within North America on this 1516 portolan chart by Vesconte Maggiolo. They are exceedingly difficult to see. We brought snippets of the map into Microsoft PowerPoint and then adjusted the contrast and brightness to get the images to “pop.” The Newport Tower is illustrated. There is a ship with a significantly raked bow and stern post just to the west of Penobscot Bay. There are persons within the ship. There are European-style image representations of a settlement on the coastline just to the west of Penobscot Bay. Inland of the settlement, along the curving line, is a person planting a pennant/flag. There are heraldry and cross symbols in this area. Immediately adjacent to the Newport Tower, which is situated at approximately 42° of latitude, there is another caricature of a person. This person is holding a pole/staff with their left hand. The top of the pole/staff, which is the rhumb line that bisects directly through the tower, is a pennant. There is an X with a hook, in conjunction with the astrological symbols, or equivalencies, for Jupiter and Mercury. The area within Narragansett Bay described on the 1524 Céllere Codex of Verrazzano and the 1527-1531 era maps stemming from Verrazzano’s exploration labeled a peninsula the Iovum (Jupiter) Promontory.


Macao Mapping:
You can navigate from here. The chart we are discussing is the only item listed for the year 1516.

PDF file share via Google Drive:
please go to frame #51 for your enjoyment

MS PowerPoint file via Google Drive:
Jul 2018
and finally, from ----- 1426 AD (that's right, folks) - at the very bottom of the photo and the shore...looks like a castle to me complete with a possible flag standard to the left.....hummm (grenade time). I mean REALLY< they had MAPPED THE BAY>>70 years BEFORE COLUMBUS>>>>
Phippsburg History Center

Battista Beccario [Genoa], Old World, 1426
Bavarian State Library, Munich, Maps Department
Mapp. XXV, 1 y.

A low resolution digital version of the 1426 map of Battista Beccario (Beccario, Battista:portulan (Alte Welt) - BSB Cod.icon. 130) may be accessed here:

Fortunately, I had purchased a while back a published work (2000) which include a superb high-resolution image capture and printing of the map. The book was a bit expensive, and it took a while for it to arrive from Germany, but it has proven to be a good investment. Here is the citation:

Kupčík, Ivan, and Friedrich Kunstmann. 2000. Münchner Portolankarten: Kunstmann I-XIII und zehn weitere Portolankarten : überarbeitete und ergänzte Neuausgabe des Originalwerkes von Friedrich Kunstmann aus dem Jahr 1859 mit 13 erneuerten Farbtafeln sowie zehn weitere Seekarten von Anfang des 16. Jahrhunderts, einschliesslich der seit 1945 verschollenen Seekarten aus Münchner Sammlungen. München: Deutscher Kunstverlag.

On the western edge of the map is a tower, on a hill. The feature is situated at ~40° latitude. This was determined by tracing the nearby latitude parallel back to the east and into the Mediterranean Sea. The Newport Tower is situated at a latitude of 41.48°.

There’s no ambiguity with this one, folks.

The Newport Tower is Pre-Columbian.

Here’s the slide deck:
MS PowerPoint:

Jul 2018
for expanded study and research -- this is just another gigantic nail in the coffin we can call "American history"....enjoy.... from Kentucky and yes the Chinese knew, explored and traded with the Native Americans.

Lee Pennington

Important book!

Image may contain: outdoor
Arlan Andrewsto Ancient Kentucke Historical Association
October 4 at 4:12 PM

In the just-released book, CHASING DRAGONS - THE TRUE HISTORY OF THE PIASA – THE EXPANDED EDITION, the mystery of the frightening and monstrous “Piasa” painting (shown on next page) on a cliff overlooking the Mississippi River near Alton, Illinois, has been solved—and its origin story shakes the foundations of American archaeology, involving the ancient Native American city of Cahokia and the Chinese Ming Dynasty explorers of America in the 1400s.
Extensive research by authors Mark Nickless and Laurie Bonner-Nickless, residents of DeSoto, Missouri, proves that the original Piasa painting was executed in precise detail around 1430 AD, by the expedition of the famous Chinese world explorer Admiral Zheng He. Chinese journeys to other parts of North America are outlined in the best-selling book, 1421 – The Year China Discovered America, by Gavin Menzies.
First reported by the French explorer Father Marquette in 1673, the colorful 60 foot by 40 foot Piasa painting depicted two intertwined Chinese dragons, with numerous cultural details identifying its significance. The original masterpiece was deliberately destroyed by quarrying in the mid-1800s, with the present crude painting replacing it later that century, on a cliff downstream of the original site.
With a Foreword by noted Pulitzer Prize nominee Dr. Lee Pennington, the work also explains how this same Chinese expedition led to the disastrous decimation of ancient Cahokia, a Native American city of 20,000 people, followed by the depopulation of the entire northern Mississippian culture.

The later burning of the huge Ming Dynasty fleet and the cessation of Chinese world exploration are discussed in detail, solving yet another major archaeological mystery.
The authors presented their astonishing findings at the 5th Zheng He International Peace Forum in Surabaya, Indonesia, in July of this year, winning the Best Presentation Award.
CHASING DRAGONS - THE TRUE HISTORY OF THE PIASA -- THE EXPANDED EDITION, is published by Talisman House Press, an imprint of Hydra Publications of Goshen, Kentucky; Dr. Arlan Andrews, Sr., Editor. It is available on and all other online bookseller sites.
The Piasa now, Alton, Illinois
A poorly-done misrepresentation of the original Chinese masterpiece
Photo by Laurie Bonner-Nickless, 2018
Kindle book:
Paperback book:
Jul 2018
BOOM and out of nowhere....that's right...that Roslyn Chapel thing and the VIking Sea Charts -- back again and in spades this time.....Oh, damn --- the tower is on the Viking Map..DOUBLE oh damn....too much to post here so follow the links and enjoy REAL HISTORY.. ITS IN THE MAPS and it has ALWAYS BEEN THE MAPS<
Phippsburg History Center

Rosslyn Vault, “Secret Viking Sea Chart”
Photo Credits: Ashley Cowie and Scott Wolter

The large tower with the adjacent star on its right side…it is situated in the fourth quadrant, or segment, down in the pylon. This correlates to the quadrant/segment of the five-pointed star on the western “antenna.” A five-pointed star, when arrayed within a circle, would have a 72° separation between each point. Because the upper portion of the pylon containing the lozenges and five-pointed star are all derived from SOLAR events, the 72° separation is the value for the SOLAR NOON ZENITH ELEVATION of the SUN on the SUMMER SOLSTICE. Where does this geo-locate to in Year 1362? The latitude of the Newport Tower.

Here’s the slide deck:
MS PowerPoint (71.0 MB, high-resolution photos from Wolter):

Jul 2018
ok - today's brain twister is a good one. is the map proven and authentic - oh hell yes... is it in an "American" collection -- what do you think...boy, were those map people interesting. I think most map people today (including those professional historians) would be up the creek, over the falls and, of course, no paddle or map (ha - that's a good one):lol: what it shows is the map was drawn upside down and flipped according to the standards of today...remember that cat picture in posting #574.
Phippsburg History Center

1511 Vesconte Maggiolo Atlas

This image is snipped from the very last folio within Maggiolo’s atlas. The folio illustrates a zodiac wheel on the outer edge. The wheel is slightly different than most. Virgo and Libra, most commonly situated at the 270° point (west), are situated at the 90° point (east). The first point of Cancer (Summer Solstice) remains situated at the 0° point.

The interior bands contain the heavenly bodies: Saturny, Iovis, Martis, Solis (Sun), Venus, Mercury, and Lune (Moon). Maggiolo, on his 1531 map, used a derivative form of Iovis, that being Iovium, as the toponym for the promontory defining the northern side of Narragansett Bay.

At the center of the zodiac wheel a simple illustration of the world as it known in 1511 may be found.

Maggiolo’s re-arrangement of the zodiac wheel to place Virgo/Libra at the 90° point (east) is interesting as this effectively places North America to the EAST of Europe on the MAP. In turn, this also means that Maggiolo’s placement of the Blessed Mother drawings off the coast of North America, which I have always referred to as being located on the western edge of the portolan charts, was actually EAST in Maggiolo’s scheme.
Maggiolo illustrated the Newport Tower on the North American landform within the zodiac wheel. We find the rectangular outline with the slanted pole on top tucked just inside the outer edge of a promontory. One doesn’t even have to adjust the brightness or contrast to be able to see the tower.

The latitude positioning of the promontory/tower is very simple to determine. In PowerPoint we drew a straight line from the promontory/tower across the Atlantic Ocean and determined where it intersected the coastline of Spain within the Mediterranean Sea. The intersect is in the Barcelona area, or right around 41.5° N latitude. The latitude of the Newport Tower is 41.48° N.
What of the large island depicted off the coast of North America, what does that represent?
That’s easy…it is Aquidneck Island. The double-tine pitchfork representation on the eastern aspect is a spot-on match to eastern landform of Aquidneck Island.
That a tower was situated on the North American landscape, tucked within Narragansett Bay, was never REALLY a secret. It has been illustrated on maps since 1367. The illustrations are all very basic and there is no doubt that they were, at least initially, fairly inconspicuous. A simple glance at a map or globe would not alert anyone to the illustration of the tower.

The 1511 Maggiolo Atlas took this inconspicuous approach. One on folio, Maggiolo illustrated a tower with a pole extending from a promontory over in Spain. The positioning of this tower conformed to the latitude of the tower on the North American landscape. Then, on a different folio, the one we are presently discussing, Maggiolo illustrated the actual tower on a promontory which, again, conformed to the correct latitude. Inconspicuous, YES; secret, NO.
Again, the staff at the John Carter Brown Library should be recognized for their assistance with this 1511 Maggiolo Atlas.
John Carter Brown Library Digital Map Collection


and the linked map