The Nuragic Civilization

Aug 2018
168
Italy
==The nuragic complex of S'Arcu E Is Forros, part 2==
The complex covers an area of roughly 18 hectares

Inside the temples:





Nuragic bronze statuette of an archer found at the site:




Iron tripod:



Nuragic bronze statuette of a monkey found at the site:



Ram shaped slicker:




Among the artifacts there's a local rasp inscribed with marks/letters (bottom left) and an imported phoenician idol. a Tanit:



 
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Aug 2018
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london
Spirals also on Ozieri culture ceramics (c. 3200 to 2800 BC):



Thanks for those Domus de Janas photos, great stuff.

What's the purpose of the opening above the doorways in the Nuragic buildings?
 
Aug 2018
168
Italy
==The nuragic sanctuary of Su Monte, Sorradile==


It is a nuragic cult complex, discovered in the late 1980s. The two excavation campaigns that have interested him (1998 and 1999/2000) dated the complex to the period of the final Bronze Age (mid-12th century BC to the early 10th century BC).
The main building of the settlement follows the typical pattern of a well temple, with a trapezoidal entrance provided on the sides with stone benches arranged to form seats and a large circular chamber along which there are three niches. In this room there is a stone altar-water tank, there are also a model of nuraghe and next to it a plate of votive offer. Inside the main building, numerous finds have been recovered, including a small boat with a ram-head bow, bowls, jugs, a double ax and a dagger with a leaf blade. the bronze statuettes were fixed with melted lead. on top of a stone provided with numerous holes.
Opposite the entrance to the main building, other minor structures are visible, including two circular stone huts.

The altar:






Vestibule:



Bronze handle belonging to a vase:






Bronze daggers, axes and votive boat:



Bronze saw:










Remains of the he circular temple:





Bronze bow belonging to a votive boat:



Bronze button decorated with a goat's head:



Finely shaped blocks that once belonged to the temple:



Reconstruction of the altar:

 
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Aug 2018
168
Italy
Spirals also on Ozieri culture ceramics (c. 3200 to 2800 BC):



Thanks for those Domus de Janas photos, great stuff.

What's the purpose of the opening above the doorways in the Nuragic buildings?
You mean like these ones?







Archaeologists today agree that these little windows above the doorways of the towers didn't help the stability of the structure in any way, their function was probably to light up the room
 
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Aug 2018
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Italy
==The well temple of La Purissima, Alghero==

This well temple was accidentally discovered in the 1990s by some workers who were building a drainage channel. The temple was built in the nuragic age, somewhere between the 13th and the 9th century bc, it was built with a refined ashlar technique and it's very similar to the well temple found at Predio Canopoli; a drainage channel for the over full was also discovered inside the well, which was originally covered by a tholos ceiling that is missing. During the roman period the temple was re-used, the water tanks outside of the well temple which were built in the nuragic age were later altered during roman times.

Inside the well temple, note the ashlar masonry.



Overview of the well temple:




==The well temple of Is Pirois, Villa Putzu==

It's one of the very few well temples where the open-air part is still mostly intact, it is entirely in local schist. The well, equipped with an atrium, a staircase of eight steps covered by symmetrical inverted stairwells and a well with a cylindrical structure of modest diameter, is characterized by the presence of a second room, without access from the outside, located above the canonical underground chamber. . The floor of this room, summarily paved, has a small diameter hole in the center corresponding to the keystone of the internal tholos, similar to that found for example in Santa Cristina-Paulilatino, in the wells of Sardara and Sa Testa-Olbia. The preservation of the upper chamber, with a larger diameter than the shaft of the well, although difficult to interpret in relation to the function due to the current lack of access, helps to visualize the original appearance that most of the well temples had to have, with atrium covered by a double sloping roof and a circular room with an open air tholos.





==Nuraghe Seruci, Gonnesa==

This large poly-lobed nuraghe built around the 14th-13th century bc is made up of a main tower surrounded by a bastion made out of five other towers and by a towered outer wall. The Nuraghe is surrounded by a large stone settlement which covers almost 7 hectares. The houses were grouped in "residential areas" divided by narrow streets. Open paved spaces resembling squares can also be seen. This large settlement located near the coast probably controlled the rich silver and lead mines in the surrounding area. An oxhide ingot was found inside the nuraghe, in a context dated to the 13th century bc. The complex is still largely unexcavated.

The complex observed by a drone:

The Nuraghe:











Bronze (votive?) dagger or spear head:



Overview of the large settlement, still mostly buried:



Paved square:

 
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Aug 2018
168
Italy
==Nuraghe Nuraddeo, Suni==

Nuraghe Nuraddeo, Suni, Sardinia. This well preserved nuraghe was built around the 15th-13th century bc and it was originally covered with red plaster.
The main tower, surrounded by three smaller ones, is very well preserved. The ground chamber and that on the first floor are both still intact, and some of the stone rows pertaining to the chamber on the second floor are still visible, the height of the main tower is around 14 meters today. Corbels pertaining to the battlement on top of the towers were also found. The nuraghe was also protected by an outer wall which surrounded the settlement. The complex is still partially buried.

















Corbels which once sustained the battlements:









 
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Italy
==The megaron temple of Domu De Orgia, Esterzili==

The temple was built in the 13th century bc over a previous nuragic settlement, in the vestibule of the temple several nuragic bronze sculptures were found which were once fixed inside some holes on top of a the stone bench with melted lead .







Archer wearing a heavy studded armor (pg 5):
















The bronzes found in the vestibule:

 
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Bronze statuette of a priestess with a conical cap from Lanusei:





Bronze statuette carrying a vase from Santa Vittoria Di Serri:





Votive boat from the Borowski collection:



Votive boat from Ardara:



Votive ship, Mores:





Similar nuragic votive ship found in Gravisca (Tarquinia, Latium):






Votive nuragic ships from the archaeological museum of Florence:



Votive ship from from the archaeological museum of Florence:



Sandstone nuraghe model discovered in San Sperate:

 
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Aug 2018
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Italy
==The nuragic settlement of Sant'Anastasia, Sardara==

This large nuragic settlement lies under the modern town of Sardara. So far three well temples have been discovered, the excavated well temple is in reality a sort of cistern/fountain which received water from the spring of Mitzixedda, located in the hills above the settlement, through a series of channels several hundreds of meters long, some very large, a sort of aqueduct. Before reaching the well temple, the water passed through "the hut of the headsman", a large circular roundhouse made of stone and clay bricks which was provided with running water thanks to seven water channels that passed through it. Inside the hut a huge quantity of precious objects was found including a bronze bowl and an oxhide ingot. Two very interesting bronze statuettes depicting archers were also found in a tomb in the territory of Sardara (pg 5). A huge number of refined ashlar blocks were also found, likely belonging to one of the well temples, in sharp contrast to the rougher blocks of the tholos chamber of the excavated well temple.

Detail of one of the archers:



Architectural decorations from the well temple (center):



The excavated well temple:



Tholos of the excavated well temple:



The modern church of Sant'Anastasia lies above a votive well:



Ashlar blocks:



Ruins of the settlement:





Objects from the headsman's hut:



Pincer for the fire:





Decorated vase:







Peculiar askos:




Detail of the other archer:



Bronze bowl with handles decorated by lotus flowers, likely cypriot importation/imitation:

 
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Italy
==Nuraghe Alvu, Pozzomaggiore==
It was built around 1450-1250 bc. Not to be confused with nuraghe Alvu in Nulvi. The central tower is provided with a hearth and a well, there are two additional towers and a courtyard.

The large over 9 meters high tholos chamber:





Entry:



the bichromatic look of the nuraghe:



Some of the artifacts found inside, including a bowl decorated with a chessboard motif (14th century bc):














Punic(?) inscription found inside the nuraghe, so probably belonging to a late phase of occupation:





 

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