The Nuragic Civilization

sparky

Ad Honorem
Jan 2017
3,165
Sydney
Within the reservation of realistic rendering , it seems that the Nuragic vessels are more cargoes than rowing war-boats
large rowing crew use a lot of their space for the food and water ,
the boats are sleeker for speed but not very good for bulk transport
For trading vessels , this imply a smaller crew , larger cargo space , longer voyage and the need for well known sheltered harbors
rowing galleys were dragged on shore at the end of a trip , any beach could do and the great number of rowers provided the manpower
cargo ships couldn't be beached , they are heavier with less people on board
a set of harbors is necessary , this would be towns with a market for their load
 
Aug 2018
191
Italy
Early bronze age silver ring from Piedmont came from the mines of South Western Sardinia:

IVANA ANGELINI, GILBERTO ARTIOLI, MARICA VENTURINO
Silver and tin artifacts from the Bronze Age of Alba (Cuneo)

In the burial burial in Teodoro Bubbio street (Cooperative Le Ginestre) of a young warrior (25-30 years) of the BA (14C 3728 ± 29 BP, calibration 2σ to 95.4% probability: 2203-2034
BC) (Venturino Gambari et alii 1999, Venturino, Ferrero in press) the elements of the kit consisted of a copper dagger, contained in a leather case, and a spiral ring in a circular section with three coils of silver , recovered from the bones of the side where the right hand was originally resting (fig 1). This type, frequent in funerary contexts of western Sardinia between the end of the Copper Age and the beginnings of the BA (Melis 2016), is today unicum in the peninsular Italy. Analyzes were carried out on the silver of the ring
of Pb isotopes by mass spectrometry
(MC-ICP-MS). Data, compared to the signal database
isotopic mines developed at the University of Padua (Artioli et alii 2016; Nimis et alii 2018), indicate that the only compatible mining areas are Sardinia (Iglesiente-Sulcis) and Spain (Valle de Alcudia). The subsequent comparison with the silver isotopic data of numerous artifacts from the El Argar culture (2250-1450 BC) (Lull et alii 2016) shows unequivocally that the metal with which they were made (Bertheleim et alii 2012;
Murillo-Barroso et alii 2016) has very different signals from those of the Sardinian silver. It can therefore be said that the silver of the albese ring has a sure origin from the mines of south-western Sardinia.
abstract (IAPP 2018 - Silver)

 
Aug 2018
191
Italy
==Nuraghe Majore, Perfugas==
A nuraghe built over a rocky cliff, missing its upper parts.
Like for nuraghe maiore in Cheremule, nuraghe majore in perfugas was likely built with the use of winches and pulleys as building a ramp would have been nearly mpossible and not at all convenient for its impervious location,





""Nuraghe Tosinghene, Aidomaggiore.""
Single-tower structure built with basalt blocks. The base chamber is bordered by two cells and the stairwell, raised above the walkway and it opens into the right wall of the corridor.






 
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Aug 2018
191
Italy
==Nuraghe Sa Domu Beccia, Uras ==
This imposing nuraghe, built around the 14th-12th century bc and inhabited until the 8th century bc was originally one of the largest nuraghi on the island. Unfortunately however it's been dismantled throughout history, even during the course of the 20th century when the stones belonging to the outer wall were used to build a highway, so only the bottom parts of the nuraghe are visible. It's made up of a a main tower surrounded by a bastion of three towers and by a large towered outer wall. The nuraghe covered an area of 3.5 hecatares, while the nearby stone settlement covered an area of 22-24 hectares and included more than 150 stone dwellings. Important finds include that of a steatite spindle inscribed with Cypro-Minoan characters dated to the late bronze age (1170-950 bc).





The cortyard:











Reconstruction:











Cypriot spindle:



 
Aug 2018
191
Italy
==Nuraghe Succoronis, Macomer==

The nuraghe is located on a trachitic outcrop, in the area of Marghine, in central-northern Sardinia. The building is a single tower. The tower (diameter 14.20 m; height m 11.80) is built in the lower rows with large blocks; these are overlapped by smaller boulders, carefully finished and put in place on regular horizontal courses. On the external wall there are some light, triangular or quadrangular sockets, arranged almost like a spiral.



==Nuraghe Lure, Sedilo==


The tholos of the ground floor is still intact.
This single tower nuraghe made out of basalt is today approximately 11 meters tall






==Nuraghe S'Omu S’Orcu di Domusnovas ==

The complex, built in several phases, is composed of a central tower with an elliptical plan; inside there is the staircase that leads to the upper floor. The tower is enclosed in a courtyard protected by an outer wall with five other towers. Metallurgical activities are suggested by bronze casting waste.



==Nuraghe Paui, Seulo==
The monument was excavated and restored in 1995 by the Superintendence for the Archaeological Heritage of Sassari and Nuoro, with the coordination of Mauro Perra. The nuraghe is a single-tower building built with rows of schist blocks.
The tower, truncated cone (diameter m 10,20, height m 7.00, wall thickness m 2.20 / 2.45), presents on the south side a conspicuous structural collapse that from the entrance reaches up to the elevation, also involving part of the "tholos".
From the entrance, facing south / south-east and missing the lintel, you access a splayed doorway inwards (length m 3.40; width m 1.00 / 1.40), with partially ogive cover remaining. On the left side of the corridor there is the access to the stairway with a flat roof covering, of which three blocks remain. The right side shows a rectangular niche (length 1.70 m, width 0.70 m, height 1.67 m) coaxial with the staircase. The corridor leads into the central chamber with a circular plan (diameter 4.00 x 4.50 m). The room has two niches: the first, open on the right side, is semicircular (width 1.40 m, depth 0.75 m, height about 3.00 m); the second, wider, opens on the left side, in the wall below the stairway and shows a helical plant and cover sloping to the bottom (length m 5.10, width 0.90 m, height max m 3 , 00).
The nuraghe can be dated to 1600-1100 B.C.








 
Last edited:
Jan 2010
4,024
Atlanta, Georgia USA
==Nuraghe Succoronis, Macomer==

The nuraghe is located on a trachitic outcrop, in the area of Marghine, in central-northern Sardinia. The building is a single tower. The tower (diameter 14.20 m; height m 11.80) is built in the lower rows with large blocks; these are overlapped by smaller boulders, carefully finished and put in place on regular horizontal courses. On the external wall there are some light, triangular or quadrangular sockets, arranged almost like a spiral.



==Nuraghe Lure, Sedilo==


The tholos of the ground floor is still intact.
This single tower nuraghe made out of basalt is today approximately 11 meters tall






==Nuraghe S'Omu S’Orcu di Domusnovas ==

The complex, built in several phases, is composed of a central tower with an elliptical plan; inside there is the staircase that leads to the upper floor. The tower is enclosed in a courtyard protected by an outer wall with five other towers. Metallurgical activities are suggested by bronze casting waste.



==Nuraghe Paui, Seulo==
The monument was excavated and restored in 1995 by the Superintendence for the Archaeological Heritage of Sassari and Nuoro, with the coordination of Mauro Perra. The nuraghe is a single-tower building built with rows of schist blocks.
The tower, truncated cone (diameter m 10,20, height m 7.00, wall thickness m 2.20 / 2.45), presents on the south side a conspicuous structural collapse that from the entrance reaches up to the elevation, also involving part of the "tholos".
From the entrance, facing south / south-east and missing the lintel, you access a splayed doorway inwards (length m 3.40; width m 1.00 / 1.40), with partially ogive cover remaining. On the left side of the corridor there is the access to the stairway with a flat roof covering, of which three blocks remain. The right side shows a rectangular niche (length 1.70 m, width 0.70 m, height 1.67 m) coaxial with the staircase. The corridor leads into the central chamber with a circular plan (diameter 4.00 x 4.50 m). The room has two niches: the first, open on the right side, is semicircular (width 1.40 m, depth 0.75 m, height about 3.00 m); the second, wider, opens on the left side, in the wall below the stairway and shows a helical plant and cover sloping to the bottom (length m 5.10, width 0.90 m, height max m 3 , 00).
The nuraghe can be dated to 1600-1100 B.C.








This thread has made me want to visit Sardinia, and I'm trying to see if I can fit a visit into my next trip to Europe.
 
Likes: Massenzio
Aug 2018
191
Italy
The large nuragic houses of Monte Zara, 13th-12th century bc:

"The presence and use of sun dried bricks probably destined for the upper floors of the building is also testified in sector B
, although no residues of ladders have been identified; it may perhaps be compared with other palatial contexts such as Thapsos in Sicily or in the Mycenaean area such as the architecture present in the suburban area of Tyrins, which is coeval chronologically with the structures of Monte Zara (UGAS)
(Fig. 19) the building of Monte Zara as a whole represents the prototype of multi-story spaces facing a central court: it is present in other contexts such as Su Nuraxi-Barumini, Genna Maria-Villanovaforru...
1987: 313-336);... but these examples show a decadence in the compositional and planimetric scheme with respect to Bia de Monti (Monte Zara), perhaps bearing witness to a popular caliber of such dwellings as opposed to the elitist character of the structure of Monte Zara (UGAS1992: 212)"


"Both buildings present a building base designed with the use of local basalt with walls originally made of raw mud bricks (ladiris) (UGAS
1992: 210-211; MORAVETTI2015: 42). This reality shows how, in the moment of transition between Recent and Final Bronze, mainly in the Campidanese context, the huts of Neolithic and Eneolithic tradition give way to buildings now in masonry; there are pillar bases with ornamental function or to support porch areas. The sandstone capital (Fig. 17) with a square base coming from compartment S5 (UGAS 1992: 210-211) stands out among all. "

Excavation of the buildings and discovery of a pillar base.




Il territorio di Monastir (CA) tra l'età del Bronzo e la prima età del Ferro
 
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Aug 2018
191
Italy
Map depicting the distribution of nuraghe in the Sinis peninsula:



Votive nuragic boat from Vetulonia, Tuscany, with a bull head on the bow:



Votive nuragic boat from Vetulonia with a bull head on the bow:



Votive nuragic boat from Vetulonia with a bull head on the bow:



Nuragic button shaped as a four-lobed nuraghe from Vetulonia:

 
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