The Nuragic Civilization

Aug 2018
191
Italy
Asiatic and African elephant ivory in third millennium bc Sardinia:


For the first time sophisticated analysis of pins and buttons from the hypogeum of Padru Iossu (Sanluri) highlight the chronological transition between the use of the ivory of the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and the almost exclusive of the North African elephant ( Loxodonta africana africana): towards the end of the III millennium BC, bell beaker culture B

"In the present work, we examine the personal adornment in proboscidean ivory from the Bell Beaker period at the hypogeum of Padru Jossu, Sanluri (Sardinia, Italy) currently preserved in the Museo Civico Archeologico Villa Abbas of Sardara. For the first time, a complete study –morphological, use wear and archaeometric– of this material has been conducted. The typological study established two categories: buttons and pins. Those categories were also subdivided into three groups respectively. Technological and functional analyses were made difficult by the strong degradation of the items and the presence of glue and varnish. The archaeometric study highlighted the diverse provenances of the proboscidean ivories, suggesting a chronological difference in the geographical sources, as well as in the mobility patterns implicit in the movements of the raw material. The ivory from the older Stratum iii is predominantly from the Asian elephant, and in the later Stratum ii the exclusive supplier species is the African Savannah elephant. It is also important to mention that in the ensemble from Stratum iii, one of the items seems related to the Eastern types of ossi a globuli, linking this Asian ivory with an Aegean and Oriental axis of mobilityLeón, José Miguel Morillo, Claudia Pau, and Jean Guilaine. " "The proboscidean ivory adornments from the hypogeum of Padru Jossu (Sanluri, Sardinia, Italy) and the mediterranean Bell Beaker." Zephyrus: Revista de prehistoria y arqueología 82 (2018): 35-63.

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Aug 2018
191
Italy
The indecipherable Nuragic pin belonging to a nuragic pit tomb from Antas (10th-9th century bc) has now been classified with certainty as cipro-minoic or either cipro-syllabic by Massimo Perna, professor of Minoan and Mycenaean antiquities at the university of Naples

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Aug 2018
191
Italy
==Nuraghe San Sebastiano, Gesico==

This is a large nuragic complex that has taken the name of the small rural church built on the remains of this ancient nuragic settlement, which consists of nine towers, three of which are part of the internal structure, and the other six connected by curtains they represented the robust outer walls, a defensive weapon against possible attacks to protect the complex.
In 1600 by order of the Roman sancta ecclesiae, its numerous towers were toppled to make room for the church of the same name.



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