The Nuragic Civilization

Mar 2012
2,345
The indecipherable Nuragic pin belonging to a nuragic pit tomb from Antas (10th-9th century bc) has now been classified with certainty as cipro-minoic or either cipro-syllabic by Massimo Perna, professor of Minoan and Mycenaean antiquities at the university of Naples

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One website reported that in addition to Phoenician and Cypriot, there has been at least one inscription which might imply an independent Nuragic script. I am no expert and have no idea if this is true. Maybe you can say a few words on it.


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sparky

Ad Honorem
Jan 2017
4,110
Sydney
This is totally inconclusive , trading civilizations are great borrowers of weights , numbers and alphabets
down the ages
by this thread account , the Nuragic traders roamed far and wide ,
they would have taken whatever made sense and was fit for their purpose
an inscription on a shard of potsherd might just as well have been carried from the other end of the sea
recycling vessels was widely practiced
 
Aug 2018
220
Italy
This is totally inconclusive , trading civilizations are great borrowers of weights , numbers and alphabets
down the ages
by this thread account , the Nuragic traders roamed far and wide ,
they would have taken whatever made sense and was fit for their purpose
an inscription on a shard of potsherd might just as well have been carried from the other end of the sea
recycling vessels was widely practiced
In the specific case of the Teti inscription, which cachibatches has posted * a thermoluminescence dating analysis has been carried out on the terracotta object (perhaps a terracotta boat), which concluded that the inscrption was made before the object was fired around the 9th-8th century bc, and it was made of local clay so it's not an imported object

*
One website reported that in addition to Phoenician and Cypriot, there has been at least one inscription which might imply an independent Nuragic script. I am no expert and have no idea if this is true. Maybe you can say a few words on it.


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sparky

Ad Honorem
Jan 2017
4,110
Sydney
the clay and dating seems conclusive , so no problem there
was it a fully developed script or some conventional symbolic representation , ( ownership , purpose )
discussion about ancient extinct writings can take centuries by specialists , even when they have heaps of texts

In the case of Nuragic culture the scarcity of objects make the discussion difficult
as always in archeology , more diggings in rubbish pits is needful
 
Aug 2018
220
Italy
==Nuraghe Longu, Tertenia==

Nuraghe Longu is located a short distance from the Tertenia-Barisoni road about 7.5 km east of Tertenia. It is a complex Nuraghe built with granite blocks. The main tower is well preserved with the ground floor room's tholos still preserved, but only a few stone rows of the upper chamber survive.





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==Nuraghe Riu Runaghe, Ardara==

This complex nuraghe is still mostly buried by the terrain. What you see now is the window of the first floor chamber of the main tower, not the door The ground floor chamber and the smaller towers are still completely buried.

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Corridor between the two floors:


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Access to the first floor chamber

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Miniature bronze anchor for a boat, 1100-900 bc from St Maria in Paulis, 4 cm

~~ Miniature bronze anchor ~~ Antic Ships ~~ The Imaginary Museum ~~

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Aug 2018
220
Italy
==Well temple of Is Clamoris==

Another important building that was built on a shale hill subject to landslides is the well of Is Clamoris-Escalaplano (Fadda M.A. 2011). Its construction
it reveals an extraordinary design ability of the nuragic architects who had to carry out containment works around the hill and consolidate it with a compound sack wall
inside shale slabs and outside by a covering of cyclopic blocks.
Their arrangement with regular rows adapted to the natural slope of the rock, gives the preparation the appearance of a nuraghe. The schist nature of the site among other things pushed the workers
who built the well to bring construction material from other areas, a travertine that lends itself to an ashlar work. The rectangular blocks, perfectly square,
are held in adherence by using cylindrical or parallelepiped elements of the same stone material that were inserted as welding pins in holes made in the point
overlapping blocks. The landslides and alluvial phenomena and the collapses due to vandals
and to the degradation have reduced the building in bad conditions, originally the structure had to be not only harmonic in appearance but also quite impressive.



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==Nuraghe S'Aspru, Benetutti==

The Nuraghe S'Aspru is, or rather, "was" one of the largest Nuraghi of the entire Goceano region. Situated on a small hill, in a strategic position, it dominated the surrounding area. Now he is in a state of complete abandonment, he is literally crumbling. The lack of attention paid by the institutions and the vandalism assaults by the usual "clandestine diggers" in search of treasures led to a state of complete degradation.

The Nuraghe had to be majestic, it still manages to give an image of how it used to be: a colossus. It consists of a central tower, enclosed by a circular bastion, which in turn is enclosed by a rectangular courtyard. Later, three more towers were added that are now inaccessible.


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Aug 2018
220
Italy
Single written signs on Nuragic axes and objects:


From: G. Ugas, The numeral and writing signs in Sardinia between the Bronze Age and Iron age I, In: Tharros Felix 5, edited by Attilio Mastino, Pier Giorgio Spanu, Raimondo Zucca. Rome: Carocci, 2013, pp. 295-377

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Sequences of signs:


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Phoenician inscription on a Nuragic Sant'Imbenia type amphora:

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Miniaturistic bronze shield with a sword from the sanctuary of Santa Vittoria di Serri.


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Perhaps the most enigmatic artifact in the archaeological museum of Oristano, it's a miniaturistic antropomorphic coffin found near the ancient city of Neapolis (Western coast of Sardinia). It's very similar to some artifacts found in Palestine, especially to those from the site of Beth Shean, which are generally attributed to the Philistines, so this artifact has long been considered a Philistine prroduct, though not all archaeologists agree nowadays, considering it's much smaller than the Philistine ones. It's dated to the 12th-10th century bc like the Beth Shean coffins.


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Distribution of Nuragic statuettes depicting chieftains:


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Likes: alexfritz
Aug 2018
220
Italy
==Well temple of Is Clamoris==

Another important building that was built on a shale hill subject to landslides is the well of Is Clamoris-Escalaplano (Fadda M.A. 2011). Its construction
it reveals an extraordinary design ability of the nuragic architects who had to carry out containment works around the hill and consolidate it with a compound sack wall
inside shale slabs and outside by a covering of cyclopic blocks.
Their arrangement with regular rows adapted to the natural slope of the rock, gives the preparation the appearance of a nuraghe. The schist nature of the site among other things pushed the workers
who built the well to bring construction material from other areas, a travertine that lends itself to an ashlar work. The rectangular blocks, perfectly square,
are held in adherence by using cylindrical or parallelepiped elements of the same stone material that were inserted as welding pins in holes made in the point
overlapping blocks. The landslides and alluvial phenomena and the collapses due to vandals
and to the degradation have reduced the building in bad conditions, originally the structure had to be not only harmonic in appearance but also quite impressive.



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==Nuraghe S'Aspru, Benetutti==

The Nuraghe S'Aspru is, or rather, "was" one of the largest Nuraghi of the entire Goceano region. Situated on a small hill, in a strategic position, it dominated the surrounding area. Now he is in a state of complete abandonment, he is literally crumbling. The lack of attention paid by the institutions and the vandalism assaults by the usual "clandestine diggers" in search of treasures led to a state of complete degradation.

The Nuraghe had to be majestic, it still manages to give an image of how it used to be: a colossus. It consists of a central tower, enclosed by a circular bastion, which in turn is enclosed by a rectangular courtyard. Later, three more towers were added that are now inaccessible.


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Some more shots of the Is Clamoris spring temple. The precise stonework and roof reminds me of Su Tempiesu, unfortunately as I said above it's in much poorer conditions:

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==Nuraghe Meurras, Tratalias==



The nuraghe stands on the southern shore of the Rio Palmas. The fertile plain, which stretches to the west for about ten kilometers towards the Porto Botte ponds and the Sant'Antioco lagoon, but above all the natural path traced by the same river, is one of the main reasons for the realization of a primary tower, towards the middle of the second millennium BC, by the Nuragic populations. In this way it was possible to control the area destined for breeding animals, and in particular, the management of the waters of the Rio Mannu which here becomes Rio Palmas, probably navigable at that time. With the nuraghe Carroccia, located a short distance away, both nuraghi controlled the territory.
The archaeological complex consists of a nuraghe of unusual typology, built in sub-square megalithic blocks arranged in fairly regular rows, to the north-east of which an extended settlement mostly reduced to heaps of stones develops: from the generalized collapse some megalithic structures emerge and some hut highlighted by unauthorized excavators. The nuraghe, on the other hand, retains a considerable height, but it is not immediately readable in its layout. According to the survey carried out by the technicians of the Superintendency of Cagliari, it is composed of an elliptical main body, partially refurbished, at the north end, by a mighty masonry wall. This elliptical body is faced to the east by a circular tower that communicates with a narrow courtyard, under whose floor a cistern was built.
The settlement is closed to the east by a megalithic wall, provided inside a tower-hut near the presumed entrance, outside of which there remains a cistern with a tholos covering largely collapsed and, more high, a probable sacred area with an elliptical plant enclosed within the megalithic enclosure. On the surface, in the area of the village, fragments of nuragic terracotta from recent-final bronze were collected (13th-11th century BC)


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Fragments pertaining to a Mycenaean alabastron dating to the 14th century bc were found in the site:


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