The Nuragic Civilization

Aug 2018
255
Italy
==Nuraghe Genna Corte, Laconi ==
This monument is a good example of a complex nuraghe, adjacent to the main tower there is a bastion with five lateral towers. The nuraghe is located on the top of a hill with extensive views of the surrounding area. In the nearby there are other nuraghi, among them Nuraghe Picciu (a single-towered nuraghe) and Nuraghe Orrubiu where the pre-Nuragic statue-menhirs (now exposed in Laconi) were discovered. The main tower, of circular plan (m 13 of external diameter), is preserved for a maximum residual height of over 12 meters. The structure is still partially buried and covered by the vegetation and thus mostly unexplored. The courtyard is almost completely obstructed by the collapsed stones of the upper parts of the nuraghe.

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The tholos with is blue stones:

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==Nuraghe Longu, Chiaramonti==


It is a Middle Bronze Age tholos nuraghe with partly preserved tholos chamber and intra-mural staircase. Opposite of the entrance to the staircase is a very deep niche which ends with a collapse, which suggests existence of a ground-floor gallery (rare feature in Nuragic architecture). The best preserved part of the walls is on the northern side of the nuraghe. You can see how the stone blocks in the upper parts fo the Nuraghe a more accurately worked, a typical feature of Nuragic architecture.

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Aug 2018
255
Italy
==Nuraghe Corvos, Florinas==

The Nuraghe Corvos is a complex nuraghe which originally consisted of a mast surroudned by two smaller towers, but only the mast is preserved.
It has an integral "tholos" room, with 3 niches arranged like a cross, and a helicoidal staircase that led to the upper floor, which has collapsed. The ground floor is still partially buried under the ground.

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==Nuraghe Sant'Antionio, Segariu==


Located a short distance from the town of Segariu, the monument has been the subject of numerous archaeological excavation campaigns. Built in limestone and marlaceous blocks, the nuraghe has a quadrilobate planimetric layout, with a central tower and four external towers oriented to the cardinal points.



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==Nuraghe Ola, Oniferi==

a single tower that rises to a residual height of 10.70 m. The interior of the building is in In excellent conditions, it is built entirely of granite and it preserves the paved floor, much of the path of the step staircase on the left and the niche to the right, as well as the chamber on the ground floor. On the room, built with concentric rows of protruding blocks, regularized by softer rock wedges, there are some niches-closets. In the area in front of the nuraghe there are the remains of some circular dwellings with a dry stone base and a roof originally made of wooden material, branches or reed covered with clay. Inside, the ancient dwellings preserve storage spaces delimited by slabs of shale.

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The tholos


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Aug 2018
255
Italy
==Nuraghe Athethu, Oniferi==
Among the nuraghi of the territory of Orani the Nuraghe Athethu stands out with an almost perfect single-tower shape and with the tholos chamber in excellent conditions. A Nuragic settlement was built next to the nuraghe.

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==Nuraghe Ertas, Sassari==

It is a large multi-tower nuraghe, probably with three outer towers plus the central one.
It is not easy to identify it given the thick vegetation that covers it.


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Detail of the refined stone working in Nuraghe Santu Miali (Pompu)


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sparky

Ad Honorem
Jan 2017
5,349
Sydney
The Nuraghe don't seems to be build as forts ,not very practical
is there some trace of ( wooden ) structure or platform
if not for warfare what exactly was their purpose , clan seat of power , worship , bragging rights ?
 
Aug 2018
255
Italy
The Nuraghe don't seems to be build as forts ,not very practical
is there some trace of ( wooden ) structure or platform
if not for warfare what exactly was their purpose , clan seat of power , worship , bragging rights ?
In many cases there originally were wooden mezzanines inside the tholos chambers, though obviously they're not preserved because we're talking about wood which didn't survive since it's an organic material. A wooden plank was discovered inside the famous Su Nuraxi of Barumini which allowed to date the main tower to the 15th century bc.
Very often pieces of corks have been found inside the nuraghi, probably because they were used for insulation.
I don't think they were places of worship because the Nuragics used specific structures as temples such as the megaron temples or the well temples which can be easily identified as cultic structures because of the objects found in those structures.
Whereas the Nuraghi were only re-used as temples in a few occasions such as Su Mulinu or Nurdole, when altars or sacred pools were built inside them, but that wasn't the original purpose of those Nuraghi since they were only used as temples in later phases, so they weren't meant to be temples when they were built.
I think a few nuraghi such as Fanaris or Sa Domu Beccia might have been intended as fortresses because of the outer walls covering a very large area but in many other cases their function is less clear. In some other cases Nuraghi seem to have been located in very impervious locations, which required the builders to invest a lot more effort and ingenuity into building them such as for the Nuraghe Majore of Cheremule, which might be justified if those Nuraghi were meant as forts. Archaeological investigations often reveals traces of activities such as spinning and weaving, baking, metallurgy, food and consumption of drinks such as wine inside the Nuraghi. Some Nuraghi also have siloi to store the grain in inside the courtyard, and almost all Nuraghi have at least one well or cistern.
 
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sparky

Ad Honorem
Jan 2017
5,349
Sydney
tough to know when there is millennia of mental distance
for the locals it must have been obvious
the seat of power of a family is the simplest one I can think off ,
not very satisfactory I know but it's only a guess
does their geographic distribution indicate a pattern of local control over fertile areas
 
Aug 2018
255
Italy
==Nuraghe Longu, Oschiri==
Nuraghe Oschiri is quite imposing. Originally the main tower was surrounded by three smaller one, today only the central tower is intact internally, but it cannot be visited because the entrance is blocked by the collapse of the boulders, and the nuraghe is also as usual partially buried.



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==Nuraghe Lighei, Sedilo==


The Nuraghe Lighei is located about 2 kilometers north west of the town of Sedilo (OR).
It is a single tower, with a residual height of about 9 meters, built with rows of large basalt blocks whose dimensions decrease as you go upwards, the stones above are more carefuly chiseled.
The lintel entrance faces south east and is 1.90 m high. The entrance leads to a corridor almost 5 m long, to the sides of which there is a niche (to the right) and the stairway to the upper room (to the left).
At the end of the passage there is the circular chamber with intact tholos, having a diameter of 5.30 m, in which there are three niches arranged according to a cruciform pattern.
From the staircase you reach the upper floor of which there are a few rows of stones that remain, an entrance covered by a lintel stone and stairways that perhaps led to the terrace.


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Aug 2018
255
Italy
==S'Ortali E Su Monti, Tortoli"

In the surroundings outside the Nuraghe ’ s walls, archaeologists found the remains of many huts and 10 siloi used for the storage of wheat. the discovery of numerous remains of siloi suggests an accumulation of a "surplus" destined for trade and commerce, the nuraghe is in fact located near the coast.
Many of the huts were also equipped with millstones. This finding allowed to hypothesize that the main activity exercised by the inhabitants of the village was the cultivation of wheat and its subsequent processing. During recent excavations a hoard of 19 bronze axes with raised margins was found, confirming the richness and centrality of the site within the productive dynamics of the territory. The Nuragic tower is quite wide, however its upper floors have collapsed. A giants' tomb is located near the settlement.


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The stone stela belonging to the giants' tomb

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Hoard of 19 bronze axes found in the Nuraghe:

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Aug 2018
255
Italy
==The Nuragic complex of Gremanu, Fonni==

This large complex consists of a sanctuary, a large 7 ha village and a sistem of water channels, a sort of aqueduct which originally provided the sanctuary and probably the settlement downhill with water. The settlement has yet to be excavated.

Temple A, decorated with votive swords and ram sculptures, along with the votive swords an Allerona type sword has also been discovered inside the temple:

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The aqueduct:

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