The Nuragic Civilization

Aug 2018
233
Italy
==Nuraghe Tintirriolu, Bortigali==
This nuraghe is a complex nuraghe consisting of a main tower surrounded by four smaller towers. What emerges now from the vegetation and dirt covering it is only the second chamber of the main tower with its window. The first chamber is completely buried along with most of the bastion.
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==Nuraghe Atzara, Paulilatino==
A huge Nuraghe consisting of a bastion with a main tower and three lateral towers plus an outer wall and a large settlement with two giants' tombs.

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Aug 2018
233
Italy
==Nuraghe Lucche, Illorai==
The Nuraghe Luche is a classic single-tower, partially collapsed. The inside of the structure is inaccessible because it is blocked by collapses. To the south-east of the nuraghe there are traces of a nuragic village

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==Nuraghe Ruggiu, Macomer==

This single tower Nuraghe has a residual height of 12 meters, the part of the tower facing South has collapsed


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Aug 2018
233
Italy
==Nuraghe Aiga, Abbasanta==


It is a complex with a possible leaning village (the vegetation that surrounds it does not allow an easy reading in plan). However, the keep stands out with two intact floors and with a third now destroyed.
The conservation level of the aforementioned is optimal, in fact it presents only some cracks in the ashlars of the corridor and in the rooms.
Access to this monument is possible, in the current state of excavation, only from the second level window that leads, through an access corridor, to a room with three deep niches. In the aforementioned corridor, on the right-hand perimeter wall, the hourly staircase leads to the floor below, covering the entire 360 ° wall perimeter and to the left of the window the hourly staircase that rises for another 180 ° and reaches the third floor, now collapsed , and continued up to the terrace on the top of the third level.
The first level, which at the moment presents the entrance from the underground outside and two meters of encumbrance material in the room has three niches high around 4 m, seeds turned to tholos.
Above the entrance corridor a window was built though which one can access the left niche of the second level.


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Window leading to the second chamber, most of the Nuraghe is still buried:

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The chamber on the second level:
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Likes: Tulius
Aug 2018
233
Italy
==Nuraghe Giardino, Sassari==

Single-tower Nuraghe with the tholos of the first chamber still intact, the chamber is still partially covered by the dirt.

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Aug 2018
233
Italy
==Nuraghe Aiga, Abbasanta==


It is a complex with a possible leaning village (the vegetation that surrounds it does not allow an easy reading in plan). However, the keep stands out with two intact floors and with a third now destroyed.
The conservation level of the aforementioned is optimal, in fact it presents only some cracks in the ashlars of the corridor and in the rooms.
Access to this monument is possible, in the current state of excavation, only from the second level window that leads, through an access corridor, to a room with three deep niches. In the aforementioned corridor, on the right-hand perimeter wall, the hourly staircase leads to the floor below, covering the entire 360 ° wall perimeter and to the left of the window the hourly staircase that rises for another 180 ° and reaches the third floor, now collapsed , and continued up to the terrace on the top of the third level.
The first level, which at the moment presents the entrance from the underground outside and two meters of encumbrance material in the room has three niches high around 4 m, seeds turned to tholos.
Above the entrance corridor a window was built though which one can access the left niche of the second level.


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Window leading to the second chamber, most of the Nuraghe is still buried:

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The chamber on the second level:
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" has three niches high around 4 m, seeds turned to tholos." I meant to write, half covered by a tholos


Recently a previously unknown outer wall has been discovered at Su Nuraxi. This wall which protected the settlement seems to belong to one of the earliest phases of the settlement, before the Final Bronze Age phase, and probably belonging to the Recent or Middle Bronze age, so contemporary to the construction of the Bastion. This outer wall is quite similar to that of Genna Marria, which was partially dismantled in the Final Bronze Age:

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La stratigrafia nuragica del 1955: uno strumento ancora attuale alla luce delle nuove acquisizioni

See the clear similarity with the outer wall of Gennamaria:

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Aug 2018
233
Italy
Sorso (SS) - Serra Niedda, Monumental nuragic sanctuary complex, 12th-20th century BC.
This Nuragic complex was casually discovered in the 1980s by some workers who were establishing a vineyard.
Numerous well worked limestone blocks and other architectural elements such as a tympanum pertaining to ancient structures were discovered.
Many Nuragic bronze statuettes were also discovered during the excavations. The complex included a holy well with a 14 steps long staircase which leads to a chamber which was originally covered by a tholos ceiling. Outside the sacred well there are the remains of a cylindrical-shaped altar.
Not far away there's another building constructed with ashlar masonry (well squared, regular rows of stone blocks) characterized by stone blocks of equal height and regular rows of limestone blocks some of which are T-shaped and have the function of favoring the curvature of the building and guaranteeing a homogeneous platform for the support surfaces. Also part of the complex is a circular building and a deep cistern (now partially filled) carved into the rock.

Over the centuries, both because of the systematic dismantling of the structures and because of the agricultural works, the complex has been considerably damaged, in fact, little remains of the elevated parts of the building, it is assumed that originally the building could have had a structure with a double-pitched stone roof , not unlike that of other sacred wells of the Nuragic period found in Sardinia.
The structure also displayed geometric and zoomorphic decorations of considerable interest. This hypothesis is based on the discovery both in the investigated area and in the surrounding areas of numerous stone elements used as building material, some of which preserve the holes where the melted lead was poured to fix the pedestal of the bronzes and other votive offerings .

Hypothetical reconstruction of the complex:

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Ruins of the sanctuary:

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A stone ram's head which was once probably part fo the facade of the temple:

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The stone blocks which were once part of the circular building:

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What looks like the tympanum, similar to those found at Su Tempiesu and Irru:

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The numerous squared and t-shaped stone blocks which were once part of the building:

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One of the most interesting bronze statuettes found during the excavations, a warrior with a hemispherical helmet, a spwar, a circular shield and a pair of greaves carrying what looks like a ram on a leash:

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Aug 2018
233
Italy
==Holy Nuragic spring of Funtana' E Baule, Ittireddu==
A small Nuragic monument, the squared internal blocks, especially the one with the knob, are reminiscent of those found in many other Nuragic religious structures such as the holy well temple of Predio Canopoli, that of Irru or the blocks belonging to the upper part of the well temple of Sardara.

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==Nuraghe Iloi, Sedilo==

This Nuragic complex consists of a large Nuraghe (16th-13th century BC) with a main tower surrounded by three smaller ones, and of a village plus two giants' tombs built with smooth, squared stone blocks. As usual for most Nuraghi, a good portion of the towers has collapsed, meaning that the main access to the Nuraghe is obstructured by debris, and also by the terrain itself . Today only the Eastern tower of the Nuraghe can be accessed to. In the area of the village there's a meeting hall such as those found in many Nuragic settlement.



The Nuraghe:


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Ruins of the tombs:


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Aug 2018
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Italy
A Nuragic votive boat which ended up in the black market since at least nine years ago

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A SARDINIAN BRONZE BOAT, CIRCA 9TH/8TH CENTURY B.C.,
the hull decorated on the exterior with four parallel cables and a horned animal head on the prow, the arched support spanning the hull tied with a coil of rope on one side and surmounted by a longitudinal loop.
5,000—8,000 USD


It's closely reminiscent of a Nuragic found in Campania in a Villanovan tomb about 12 years ago, if I remember correctly, the tomb was only discovered in 2008:

This is the Nuragic boat found in Campania, the tomb was dated to the third quarter of the 8th century BC:


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Another very similar Nuragic boat is this one from Depalmas' catalog, which was discovered in Sardinia years ago, but the exact location isn't know. Among the three boats, it should be the one that was discovered first:


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This one, which ended up in Borowski's collection several decades ago, is also similar to the other three, but unlike them it has a cabin. It's now in the archaeological museum of Munich:




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Aug 2018
233
Italy
==The Nuragic complex of Pidighi, Solarussa==

This site includes a two towered Nuraghe and a walled settlement. What's interesting about the settlement is the presence of large, complex houses consisting of several different rooms and a courtydard.
The biggest house covers an area of almost 200 square meters, and probably had an upper floor, it included several rooms including a typical Nuragic round chamber with benches and a water tank made of stone. Clay bricks were found in different areas of the settlement, perhaps originally part of the houses.


Ruins of the walls and the settlement:

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The settlement was also provided with a spring, which was also monumentalized


==Nuraghe Titittiriola, Bolotana==
A single-tower nuraghe, the upper floor has collapsed but the window is still intact, unfortunately the trees growing inside of it are slowly destroying it.


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==Circular cultural building, Punta Florinas==

An usual structure, much smaller than a Nuraghe, but clad with finely smoothed and squared stones:, it's part of a larger sanctuary:
"At a later time, the structure was covered with perfectly worked T-shaped blocks, with a curvilinear visible face to adapt to the planiemtry of the structure(which reached diameter of 7.10 m)"


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Aug 2018
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Italy
Limestone decorations from the well temple of Sant'Anastasia of Sardara:


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Taramelli's hypothetical reconstruction of the temple:


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==Nuraghe Ortu Comidu, Sardara==
Very little remains of the structure, which was dismantled over the centuries. Traces of metallurgical activities were found at the site.



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Cistern:


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==Florinas, Nuragic sanctuary of Giorrè==
Unfortunately an act of vandalism conducted with mechanical vehicles destroyed much of the structures present in the area.
This Nuragic sanctuary, sourrended by a huge elliptical stone temenos (fence) includes a large rectangular structure, perhaps a megaron temples and other structures, the most striking of them being a huge circular structure, it is certainly the most significant building, the removal of the debris highlighted a circular structure with a perfectly smooth paved floor. For the less damaged quarter circle, there are still two rows of finely smoothed ashlars in white limestone, on the inside we can see how the typical ashlars form a bench. On the outside we can see large finely worked T-shaped segments. Among the accumulated ashlars we have the presence of limestone and basalt, a detail that suggests a characteristic bichrome look of the structure, a feature already observed in many other Nuragic structures

Ruins of the large circular structure

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Stone relief depicting a typical Nuragic "gamma" dagger discovered in 2015


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T-Shaped blocks

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==Su Nuraxi Mannu, Mogorella==

Single-tower Nuraghe built with large stone blocks, apparently it suffered a dynamite explosion in the '30s


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