The Nuragic Civilization

Aug 2018
255
Italy
==Nuraghe Irru, Nulvi==
It's located in the vicinity of the holy well temple of Irru, it is a complex nuraghe of considerable size and hidden by the vegetation until very recently, it is currently being cleaned and freed from it and some interesting structures are emerging:

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==Nuragic sanctuary of Monte Nuxi, Esterzili==
The complex consists of 4 holy springs, some connected to each other through underground canals, the sanctuary is, in addition to the springs there were also some stone dwellings including a monumental one well paved with limestone slabs and benches running around the circumference of the structure, probably a meeting hall such as those found in many Nuragic settlements. An over 100 meters long stone wall surrounds the sanctuary, which can be accessed through two gates.
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Fish bone pattern in the wall, it's present in other Nuragic sites, such as in a building in the complex of Su Nuraxi just outside the Nuraghe itself, and in the settlement of Nuraghe Sirai. In the case of Su Nuraxi the structure with the fish bone pattern masonry was more recent than the Nuraghe by a few centuries. While the Nuraghe was built in the 15th and reinforced around the 13th century bc the fish bone building dates to the final bronze age/early iron age:

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Monte Nuxi:
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Su Nuraxi, Barumini:
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Nuraghe Sirai:
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==Nuraghe Pitzucumburu, Lunamatrona==

A large complex nuraghe, a bastion with fiver towers surrounded by an outer walls with towers, still partially buried under the ground. Needless to say the towers and walls of the nuraghe have been dismantled through the centuries.
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==Nuraghe Asusa, Isili==

The nuraghe Asusa is composed of two towers that overlook a courtyard, the main entrance of the nuraghe is oriented to the east. In one of the interiors the archaeologists have unearthed a circular ring similar to that of the holy well of Cuccurru Nuraxi, pertinent to a well or a cistern, still to be explored. Near the nuraghe there are the ruins of a Nuragic village inhabited roughly from 1600 to 1100 bc.
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Aug 2018
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Nuraghe Asusa again, or what little remains of it:
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Stone ring pertaining to the well/cistern:
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==Nuraghe Senis Mannu==

Single tower Nuraghe, decently preserved, the first chamber is almost intact, while the uppermost part of the nuraghe including the second chamber are gone

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==Hypogeic tomb, of Molafà, Sassari==
Rock-cut tomb with a facade carved to resemble the stele of a Giants' tomb==
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Aug 2018
255
Italy
Su Nuraxi of Barumini, corbels still in place in one of the towers. The original towers which were built around the 16th-14th century bc were incorporated into bigger towers made with bigger basalt blocks that were built all around them during the 13th century bc, thus preserving them:
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It's one of the few cases where the corbels are still positioned on top of the towers, we know what the top of the Nuraghi looked like thanks to Nuraghi models sculpted during the Nuragic period:
Model of a complex Nuraghe from San Sperate
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Single tower Nuraghe with an anthropomorphic figure inside from San Sperate:
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Olmedo:
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It's debated whether the courtyard of the complex Nuraghi were closed or not, in some cases they certainly were but Su Nuraxi probably had an open one given its height and width:
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A large fallen corbel stone is also found on top of the well in the courtyard:
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Aug 2018
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Su Nuraxi of Barumini again:
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Reconstruction of Nuraxi e' Cresia (Barumini), near Su Nuraxi of Barumini:
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Planimetry of Nuraxi e' Cresia:
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Aug 2018
255
Italy
==Nuraghe Asouru, San Vito==

A complex nuraghe consisting of a main tower + a bastion with three smaller towers connected to it. The main tower is quite anomalous because like Nuraghe Oes it apparently had only one very high tholos ceiling but several wooden floors, while most Nuragic towers have 2 or 3 tholos chambers and sometimes a wooden floor in the first chamber. The tholos of course has now collapsed, as well as most of the internal walls of the tower. The external walls of the Nuraghe weere badly restored, but the first photo should be older than the restoration.

Photo of the Nuraghe, possibly taken in 1910:
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Part of the bastion and the main tower:
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View of the main tower:
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Votive ship from Borowski's collection with mast, railings and the prow shaped as a bull's head. The ship was found in Sardinia but ended up in his private collection:

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Front view:
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Asherman

Forum Staff
May 2013
3,412
Albuquerque, NM
Massenzio, could you intersperse all those photos with titles at least, and some text from you explaining why these photos are important, and how/what they tell us about history.
 

Tulius

Ad Honorem
May 2016
6,116
Portugal
Anyway this is an excellent thread about a civilization quite frequently forgot by the pop history and as such quite unknown by the general public.
 
Aug 2018
255
Italy
How were the Nuraghi built? A study by the G.R.S. (Gruppo Ricerche Sardegna) confirms archaeologist Giacobbe Manca's hypothesis: Some Nuraghi were likely built with a wooden ramp/scaffold, as the quadrangular holes found in their outer walls suggest. The holes, in some cases more than two meters deep and thus built at the same time of the Nuraghe, could have well fitted strong wooden beams inside. The holes are placed in a helical pattern, and the distance between decreases the higher they are. The Nuraghi with these blind holes are mainly found in the Central-Northen part of the island.
In some cases these holes were filled with dirt and it's difficult to spot them.

Here's an extract from the article, unfortunately it's in Italian:
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These holes can still be seen in the external wall of Nuraghe Corbos (Silanus):
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Aug 2018
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New discovery of Nuragic pottery from Cyprus, this time not from Pyla Kokkinokremos, but from Hala Sultan Tekke :

"Recently carried out petrography, Fourier transfrom infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and pXRF analysis confirmed our preliminary classification that several complete bowls of black-burnished table ware are from Sardinia (our thanks go to M. G. Gradoli, Z. C. Dunseth, S. Shalev, the expedtion’s petrographer P. Waiman-Barak, and S. Sabatini). They belong to the Nuragic-type “scodella a calotta con risega interna. These vessels are the first ever reported from Cyprus. "

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Nuragic (Sardinian) table ware