- Mar 2014
- Beneath a cold sun, a grey sun, a Heretic sun...
There is Herodotus, of course...Do you have a source for seven helots per Spartiate, and for helot in the phalanx?
Helot weren't hoplites, when armed they were skirmishers. And the rear rank of a hoplite phalanx was historically officers or trusted veterans, who were placed their to pressure the test to advance, not to retreat, not to break ranks and run away.
But my source was one of the Osprey series, which gave a detailed description of the Spartan phalanx. The Helots were not armoured, carrying only shield and spear. I don't recall if it was in "The Ancient Greeks" or "The Spartan Army". There is also a nice article on JSTOR.......This was the counsel he gave to the ephors, who straightway took it to heart; saying no word to the envoys who were come from the cities, they bade march before dawn of day five thousand Spartans, with seven helots appointed to attend each of them...