The status of Central Asians in the Russian Empire and Soviet Union

Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
13,495
SoCal
#1
Was the status of Central Asians in Tsarist Russia comparable to that of Native Americans in the U.S. before 1924 (which is when they were granted U.S. citizenship)? Basically, the information in this book (on the cited pages) appears to indicate that this was indeed the case:

Pre-tsarist and Tsarist Central Asia

Hélène Carrère d'Encausse (the author of the quoted part in this book) appears to be a very well-respected scholar of Russian history:

Hélène Carrère d'Encausse - Wikipedia

Thus, I am tempted to trust her judgment in regards to this. However, I want to make sure that I understood her correctly in regards to this, which is why I am asking for your opinions here.

Also, was it the Soviet Union that nominally made Central Asians full citizens? If so, was this done early on during Soviet rule?