the town of Chefchaouen

May 2013
Chefchaouen city in northern Morocco, the real name of the city is the latest province of Chefchaouen alshawn under law no: 688.75.1 issued on April 23, 1975. Chefchaouen present territory was founded in 1471 by Ali bin Rashid, to house the Muslims of Al-Andalus after being expelled by the Spaniards; Where was the castle of the Mujahideen against colonialism. The city alone 35.709 inhabitants (Census 2004).

Located in the far northern province of Chefchaouen Morocco mountain countryside and bordered to the North by the Mediterranean waterfront stretching over 120 km South and East region of Taounate Zan Al Hoceima and Tétouan and larache to the West regional. Regional territory belongs to the Tangiers-Tetouan. Chefchaouen Province has an area of 4300 square kilometres. And mountain city, city of Chefchaouen and the meaning of the word Chefchaouen is centuries in Tamazight

The city of Chefchaouen mountain features, difficult terrain and slopes, valleys and low returns. Human presence has been known since ancient times. The arrival of the Arab conquerors also known as Musa bin Nusair built a mosque in Bani Hassan tribe in Northwest Chefchaouen and Tariq Ibn Ziyad, who remains a mosque named after the village of porches.(Command of Cincinnati) and thus, since the Muslim conquest of Morocco, became the Centre for gathering armies. Under the Idrisid (9th century), the region became under the rule of Omar Ibn Idris II made it the capital of his Emirate's axe. And so I knew the area of wars and various conflicts until the founding of Chefchaouen in 876/1471 by Moulay Ali Ben Rashid, to stop creep Portuguese region. Embracing the ancient city lshvshaon group of historic buildings that largely reflects the historical and cultural character of the city.

Historical sources show that the city was in the development known as Adwa Valley Chefchaouen within 876/1471 m, by abu'l-Hasan al-Faqih alias Ibn Juma. And after his cousin Prince Abu al-Hasan Ali bin Rashid Al bakhettat city on the enemy, built her cane and I settle her with his family and his clan.

The Kasbah is located in the western part of the city, with the first, taken by Moulay Ali Ben Rashid for his leadership and military barracks for Jihad against the Portuguese. Architecturally, the casbah was surrounded by a fence with ten towers, embody the way built in Andalusian-style architecture. Internal space for peribronchial contains a large garden decorated with double sinks. While Ethnographic Museum occupies the north-western part of the casbah. The history of the building that houses the Museum building to the end of the 11th century Ah/17 m. The builders of the rural and the Sultan Moulay Ismail. Take this building traditional Moroccan design houses that are available on the internal open courtyard with a water fountain, surrounded by corridors and rooms plus loft.

The square is a public square bathroom hypothalamus Medina as an area of 3000 m. It is also historic and touristic pole as all roads lead to. Designed in the beginning of this scene to be home to a weekly market, frequented by residents of the suburbs and the city. Changed post is a weekly market square to theatre and tourist shops, café, shop sales, and decorated with a beautiful water fountain square and the most ugdalmsgd and the Kasbah and the established festivals like: like North and ya FARA Festival Festival international theater.

Antique revival

Neighborhood of the stalk

This district is considered the second oldest residential pool built after the casbah, has included in its inception eighty Andalusian family presented with Moulay Ali bin Rashid. Called by that name because of its built in Caesarea, the late fifteenth century. This district includes the most important and oldest houses in Chefchaouen city wearing white color mixed with azure. Wall fountain is located in one of the paths of virtecha solutions, given the city's fountains that decorate decoration.


This neighbourhood was built on the basis of the second wave of migrants sheltering people who have come to the city of Chefchaouen in 897/1492. Generally, these email messages is very similar in design, but different from Al-Andalus to topographic position necessitated the inhabitants build houses with two or three, with more than one entrance.

Neighborhood element

The door of the North-Western limit of item city wall who knew several reforms in its construction, with the urbanization of the city. Thus, immigrants from Andalusia did not maintain standards in building for the district, particularly in the control tower which is built from the stalk. Add to this that the current control tower strikethrough sur district is only a restoration of the modern old tower built on a similar fact pattern Bab Al Ain, which reminds us of the architecture in the towers of Granada.

Alsbanin district

This district is located along the road leading to the top of the water. A neighborhood group of alsbanin traditional windmills were used to grind the olives. It has a traditional oven adjacent to the viaduct over the river called the Valley of sparkling.

The source of the water head

The source header water the basis of building the city of Chefchaouen. This source was and still is the only provider for the city of potable water for drinking and agriculture. It is the driving force and is near the District of alsbanin.

Morocco-Arab Street

Morocco-Arab Street is a bus route and it leads to weekly market near the national electricity Office (O.N.E).

Source de l'article:

the town of Chefchaouen ~ moroccan heritage


Ad Honorem
Nov 2010
Interesting about the Al Andalus types. There were obviously a huge number settled in Morocco, notably in Tetouan and Sale/Rabat. They tended to congregate in the same groups/villages they lived in in Spain, for example the people of Hornachos in Extremadura moved to Sale, where they dedicated their lives mainly to the sea, plundering Spanish ships! But I think this was in the series of expulsions after the War of the Alpujarra 1568-1571.


Ad Honorem
Nov 2010
It seems nice, I 'ought to visit! :)

Wiki thinks we might have to fight off the marijuana sellers! But at least I can get by in Spanish. I read recently of little enclaves in north Africa where the local dialect is basically Spanish from the time of the expulsions (a book on the Morisco expulsions). But then again it can also be from trade or more recent colonialism I guess?

Chefchaouen (شفشاون, also Chaouen, Chawen or Xaouen) is a gorgeous mountain city in northeastern Morocco. It's no wonder that tourists flock here — this humble town is the embodiment of almost every Moroccan cliché. The picturesque medina, set against the dramatic backdrop of the Rif Mountains, is filled with white-washed homes with distinctive, powder-blue accents, and the call to prayer rings out of several mosques around the town in chorus. If you've got a few days to relax from the rigors of travel, this is a good place to do it.
Tourism in Chaouen is also driven by its reputation as centre of the marijuana plantations region in North Morocco. Drugs are widespread and somehow tolerated, but touts trying to sell to tourists are also very annoying.
Spanish is the foreign language mostly spoken by the population, while French is the language of higher education