Tricks the media use to (attempt to) fool their audience

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tomar

Ad Honoris
Jan 2011
12,778
#1
European and US media are ahead of those of the rest of the world... but this does not mean that they are free, fair and objective... It means they have a more sophisticated bag of tricks .... This thread will list some of them...
 

Tulius

Ad Honorem
May 2016
4,709
Portugal
#2
I personally think that the Social Networks are even fuller of the same and even worst kind of tricks…
 

tomar

Ad Honoris
Jan 2011
12,778
#3
Choice of Photographs

When talking about someone the media approves of, the photographs they use are selected to project a positive image of the person
as an example see photos that CNN uses when talking about Michelle Obama one of their darlings

Conversely when talking about someone the media disapproves of, the photographs they use are selected to project a negative image (for example the person has tripped , is grimacing, or has a raised first or hand reminiscent of the nazi salute)

When illustrating an event the media will sometimes use a photograph that is unrelated to the event but that "illustrates" the message they want to convey: for example show empty shelves in an unspecificed store to give the perception of food shortages or (a favorite) show suffering kids ...

Conversely suffering kids will NOT be shown when inconvenient (e.g.: suffering kids WILL be shown to decry the "dirty" battle of Aleppo run by Assad "the butcher" but will NOT be shown for the "clean" battle of Mossul even though civilian casualties for the second one were actually higher)
 

tomar

Ad Honoris
Jan 2011
12,778
#4
Dont hire them, fire them

This one is hard to track but basically journalists will claim that they are "free" and they can say what they want... However they are carefully selected to have certain opinions (those who have different opinions are simply not hired, or if it turns out they have inconvenient opinions despite the filtering process during hiring, they are simply fired).... so that there is no need to control them....

For example if you hire only smokers (or only non smokers) it's pretty clear what opinion they will have on smoking
 
Likes: sailorsam

tomar

Ad Honoris
Jan 2011
12,778
#5
Timing is everything

Media will claim that they correct their mistakes... Except those "mistakes" are carfully timed to have the desired effect..

The initial annoucement is made with maxium noise to generate an emotional reaction....... correction will come only later on (some times such as in the case of of the Iraqis weapons of mass destruction MUCH later on) and will be given much less publicity... The desired effect (e.g. war for example) will already have been achieved by that time
 

Tulius

Ad Honorem
May 2016
4,709
Portugal
#6
Doesn’t Journalism and Journalists, and thus the Media, face similar challenges than History and Historians?
 

tomar

Ad Honoris
Jan 2011
12,778
#7
The Paid Experts

When defending a particular cause while attempting to maintain the illusion of neutrality is a common tactic to invite a so called "expert" (who often is a stout defender of said cause)... Then the expert will be asked to give his allegedly expert opinion and advice, which, lo and behold, is exactly what the meida is defending.
 

tomar

Ad Honoris
Jan 2011
12,778
#8
Doesn’t Journalism and Journalists, and thus the Media, face similar challenges than History and Historians?
Some of it , yes... But there is a timing/voume dimension that is not present with historians.. Historians typically take years to publish a book, whilst media produce many pieces on a daily basis... Historians have a limited audience, media reaches out to billions
 

Tulius

Ad Honorem
May 2016
4,709
Portugal
#9
Media will claim that they correct their mistakes... Except those "mistakes" are carfully timed to have the desired effect..
“Media” is not a sole entity, a sole corporation, represents several, many interests, political, corporate, financial. You can’t treat all those interests as one monolithic entity.

EDIT:

Some of it , yes... But there is a timing/voume dimension that is not present with historians.. Historians typically take years to publish a book, whilst media produce many pieces on a daily basis... Historians have a limited audience, media reaches out to billions
In Europe and the USA, your mentioned Geographic areas, all or almost all the citizens study history. So, no, it is not a limited audience.
 

tomar

Ad Honoris
Jan 2011
12,778
#10
Cut off what you dont like

When a guest holds opinions that are contrary to those of the media one frequent tactic is to cutt them off.... This piece perhaps is an extreme case (in general it is more subtle,,,)

 
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