Thanks for the information.New Orleans is very over hyped.
It was a Frontal assault on a fortified position.
Something the British had done before at
Badajoz (3 times ... 2 failures)
And they usually took heavy casualties. Infact their first (only) attack at New Orleans was less of a cock up than most of their other attempted storms.
On their left flank they had completely routed the Americans (85th Light Infantry, Royal Marines and Sailors) and captured their objective.
In their first attack where everything had gone wrong... the 93rd blundered about in front of cannons, the 44th completely collapsed and forgot the ladders... despite of all this they were STILL able to get men inside. Which puts it at possibly one of their most successful attempted first wave attacks (At 3rd Badajoz they attacked 5 times before they could get in).
American losses were mainly on the left bank or at the point where the 21st had broken the defenses. Notably, 85th aside, most of the attacking force was very green and inexperienced. The peninsula veterans in the force being kept out of it...
Veteran British soldiers didn’t even consider New Orleans a big battle... a silly, badly planned skirmish... though understandably since the rest of the war had been a colossal failure for the US this was a much needed boost to her crushed ego...
US army did not come out of the war of 1812 with an enhanced reputation. In fact it’s performance was the source of much concern and ridicule in the US. The US Navy cane out looking all heroic and with boosted popularity.
The redcoats were not unstoppable. They had been beaten before in small skirmishes, by the US in the war, and had lost battles to the French and Spanish in the preceding 20 years of conflict.
Trenches were not new. The British used them in Spain, and Shakespeare used trencherman to mean a soldier. They are possibly older than that in seige warfare.
Yes Trenches themselves are ancient but I mean't being used to win a large engagement in the gun powder era away from buildings or towns as a means to victory.
The French and British obviously relied on their Infantry lines to win open field engagements rather than dig and set up trenches and earth works so I was wondering if back in Europe there was ever a shift towards using trenches in this period away from fixed building positions rather than what I consider a near suicidal death march.