- Jun 2015
Yes, but the civil wars didn't do much to in the end to damage England's economy and standing. they showed that the power of the monarch isn't absolute, which to be fair it hadn't been for centuries before Charles's execution.As a dyed in the wool republican I actually think that you make some good points. Oliver understood the nature of power and quite rightly took the reasonable point of view that Monarchy buttressed by the idea of Divine Right, as articulated by James I in his True Law of Free Monarchy, slammed the door in the face of the powerful men of the shires having their concerns of local issues being overwhelmed by Kingly placemen. Even worse the rising merchant class were being shut out by grants on trade handed out to court favourites. The Declaration of Breda and the Bill of Rights may have limited the power of the Monarchy on foreign policy, but Royal patronage meant that the cards were always in the hands of the King. I see your argument about Empire, but it is fair to point out that had America been negotiating with a representative government who accepted that no taxation without representation was a reasonable basis for agreement, rather than an anachronistic hereditary Monarchy the course of history may have worked out much better.