- Nov 2011
- The Bluff
This is true. It was apparent in the aftermath of Alexander's death that control of territory so far east was very problematic. In fact, the establishment of Taxila as a client kindom and, more so, the enlarging of Poros' client kingdom was the solution adopted by Alexander as his method of doing so without committing too costly numbers of Macedonian troops. Seleukos, with major unresolved military matters in his western rear, was not ever going to be able to hold down lands that far east. As the crisis in the west (producing the decisive showdown of Ipsos) developed, a negotiated agreement was the natural solution to stable eastern borders. A border which remained stable.Selucus was not interested in this (arid and far-off) region, he just wanted peace on his eastern borders so that he could concentrate on the western border. I do not think anyone denies influence.
The Wiki article needs to be read with caution (as always). There are problems with its view. Alexander is described as having "retreated" but more indicative of the author's prejudices are statements such as the following:
No evidence exists which provides backing to the claim that Nikanor and Philip were killed by Chandragupta's mercenaries. In fact, it is clear that Philip was killed by the mercenaries appointed as part of his satrapal troops. Nikanor was killed in 326 in an uprising of the Assakenians and was hardly dispatched by Chandragupta's supposed mercenaries.Chandragupta's mercenaries may have assassinated two of Alexander's governors, Nicanor and Philip. He probably fought Alexander's satraps, including Eudemus – who left the territory in 317 BCE; and Peithon, who governed cities near the Indus River until he left for Babylon in 316 BCE.
With Eudamos and Peithon, the clear implication of the author's statement is that this pair left because of supposed inroads by Chandragupta. Both these men did leave their satrapies but hardly for any such reason. Eudamos murdered Poros (sometime between 321 and 318) and headed west to join a satrapal coalition to fight against the aggrandising Peithon (not he mentioned above). Nothing indicates he was planning not ever to return for this coalition was soon taken over by Eumenes in the great struggle against Antigonos; the end of which saw Eudamos' murder. Peithon, now gover of Para[amisodai, was subsequently summoned by the victor, Antigonos and made satrap of Babylonia in place of Seleukos.