Were there some benefits from Mongol invasions?

Jan 2019
14
Eastern Europe
#1
I often hear how mongols were underdeveloped and destroyed more developed cultures, while couldn't bring any technological or cultural advances themselves.
I presume it might be fair for general conquest by any civilization (or probably not), but were there some benefits from mongol invasions?
 
Nov 2015
1,570
Kyiv
#2
The Mongol invasion had a great positive effect on the evolution of Russian statehood.

This invasion led to the creation of the Horde, or Ulus of Jochi . The first large state whose metropolis and the main part of the land were located on the territory of modern Russia. The Horde became the direct predecessor of the Moscow tzardom, as well as the Russian Empire. It also united the lands inhabited by Russians (Great Russians) in one state
 
Mar 2016
560
Australia
#3
Aside from the inevitable civil wars that resulted from the death of a Mongol khan, their empire generally ensured a safe and orderly way of life - outside of foreign wars - for the people living in them. Multiple writers of the time claimed that it was perfectly possible for a person to travel from one side of the Mongol Empire to the other without being attacked. It sounds hyperbolic, but overall it was true. For all the defects that large empires have, one positive is that they stamp out the usual fighting between tribes and petty kingdoms that existed before they arrived. This perceptual safety and harmony resulted in a massive boost in trade not just over Asia, but also between Europe and Asia. The West became more interconnected with Asia than anytime before, or until the voyages of discovery of the late 15th century. Western European kingdoms bought luxury goods from as far East as China, and vice versa. The old 'Silk Road' trading routes that existed in the Classical world between the Han, Persians and Romans were re-established, and greater than ever. After the Mongol Empire fragmented and dissolved in the late 13th to early 14th centuries, there was a very noticeable drop in cross-continental trading and interaction, which wouldn't be re-established until the Portuguese voyages of discovery in the late 15th to early 16th centuries, and Asia descended inevitably back into constant wars of conquest (e.g. Timur and his many wars were a direct consequence of the fall of the Mongols).
 

MAGolding

Ad Honorem
Aug 2015
2,594
Chalfont, Pennsylvania
#4
If a region suffered from overpopulation, a Mongol invasion was likely to releave the population pressure for generations or centuries.

The Mongol invasion had a great positive effect on the evolution of Russian statehood.

This invasion led to the creation of the Horde, or Ulus of Jochi . The first large state whose metropolis and the main part of the land were located on the territory of modern Russia. The Horde became the direct predecessor of the Moscow tzardom, as well as the Russian Empire. It also united the lands inhabited by Russians (Great Russians) in one state
So in addition to all the other evils caused by the Mongol Invasions, it was responsible for the rise of Russia?
 
Mar 2018
521
UK
#5
The Mongol invasion had a great positive effect on the evolution of Russian statehood.

This invasion led to the creation of the Horde, or Ulus of Jochi . The first large state whose metropolis and the main part of the land were located on the territory of modern Russia. The Horde became the direct predecessor of the Moscow tzardom, as well as the Russian Empire. It also united the lands inhabited by Russians (Great Russians) in one state
Any big world event, like the Mongol invasions, are bound to have repercussions down history. Those repercussions might be good or bad. But it's a bit of a stretch to claim that that setting a in motion a long chain of events running for centuries is somehow a benefit to the people getting invaded.
 

Rodger

Ad Honorem
Jun 2014
5,367
US
#6
The Mongol expansion covered so many regions and peoples. As for those on the western fringe, i.e., places such as Hungary, Lithuania, Silesia, Moravia and Poland, I don't see any benefits for those people. It may be because the Mongols plundered, then left.
 

Haakbus

Ad Honorem
Aug 2013
3,578
United States
#7
The Mongol language contributed quite a few words, mostly horse-related and military terms, to the Korean language.

I think the Mongol Empire also contributed to a greater awareness of each other between Europe and East Asia.
 
Apr 2018
28
Los Angeles
#8
Objectively speaking, the bad far outweighed the good when it came to the Mongol invasions. Most of the areas they conquered were devastated beyond repair and would take centuries to recover. For instance, China's population suffered a massive decline from the Mongol invasions. Well at least in terms of census figures, but most historians would argue that ancient/Chinese census declines probably had more to do with administration breakdown than actual losses.

The Middle East, Russia, Korea, and Central Asia were all devastated as well.The only somewhat decent thing that came of the Mongol conquests was great interlinked exchange between east and west.
 
Feb 2018
186
US
#10
Objectively speaking, most people just make up bullshit about the Mongols without understanding what really happened.

If you actually are interested in the pluses and minuses, the best synthesis is Timothy May's 'The Mongol Conquests in World History.' It's very readable and one of the few synthesis books that is not dated. Most of the pre 2000's books are simply too dated and based on flawed research.
 

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