- Nov 2014
There were around 300,000 Masurians in the first half 20th century. Masurian was a term applied to a group of people who spoke Lechitic (Polish) Slavic language. People identified themselves Masurians rather than Poles because they were Lutheran unlike Roman Catholic Poles.Only a few used masurian till the end of WWII. The masurian language declined since the end of the 19th century. In the 20th century most of them used German, even if the older were still able to speak masurian. My ancestors e.g had in the first half of the 19th century still their Polish name Wionczek. In the end of the 19th century they changed it into Jonczek/Jonzek.
The Masurians or Mazurs (Polish: Mazurzy, German: Masuren) were a Lechitic sub-ethnic group in the present-day Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland. They were descended from Masovians (Polish: Mazowszanie; German: Masowier), Polish settlers from Masovia who moved to Prussia during and after the Protestant Reformation, and who were primarily Lutheran.