What explains the weird shape of the Serb settlement patterns in Bosnia and Croatia?

Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
22,750
SoCal
If you'll take a look at this map of Serbs in Yugoslavia in 1981, you'll notice that the Serb settlement patterns in Bosnia and Croatia are relatively weird:



Specifically, there are different "lakes" of Serbs throughout Bosnia and Croatia but with these "lakes" having little physical connection to other "lakes" of Serbs.

Does anyone know what explains these weird Serb settlement patterns?
 

Maki

Ad Honorem
Jan 2017
3,793
Republika Srpska
Pattern in Croatia can be explained by the fact that Serbs would often be employed by the Habsburgs as border warriors facing the Ottomans. Therefore most Serb settlements were along the border with Bosnia, which was of course a former Ottoman province.
 
Jan 2008
51
After Ottoman Turkey occupied Kosovo (part of the ancient Serbian kingdom), many of the Serbs, led by their Orthodox patriarch, migrated out of Kosovo, and into southwestern Croatia, which was under Austrian Hapsburg rule. They were encouraged by the Hapsburg government to form military settlements there, on the border, as a buffer against Ottoman Turkey. The area of southwestern Croatia where they settled became known as the Krajina. Although within Croatia, its inhabitants were mainly Serbs.
 

deaf tuner

Ad Honoris
Oct 2013
14,675
Europix
It's "weirdo" only if You look at it trough the prism of the rest of the European evolution, looking at it trough the prism of the region, it's normal.


You have to add to the judicious observations already made that most of the history, the region was part/controlled by powers that simply did not had/imposed a national policy: Ottomans, Hungary, Austro-Hungary accepted the idea of ethnically different entities as part of the same nation. One could call those states "ethno-federations", or "non-ethnic nations". They didn't messed up a lot at micro-level, so communities could survive even without a territorial continuum.

A couple of examples:












 
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Futurist

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May 2014
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SoCal
Pattern in Croatia can be explained by the fact that Serbs would often be employed by the Habsburgs as border warriors facing the Ottomans. Therefore most Serb settlements were along the border with Bosnia, which was of course a former Ottoman province.
Makes sense, but what about the pattern in Bosnia?
 

Futurist

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May 2014
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They roughly correspond with the borderlands between the Habsburg Monarchy and the Ottoman Empire. Immigrants, such as Serbs (but also Croats and Germans), were encouraged to settle there to help defend the Monarchy against the attacks of the Ottomans.

Military Frontier - Wikipedia
The military frontier explains the Croatian Serb patterns of settlement, but apparently not the Bosnian Serbs patterns of settlement since Bosnia wasn't under A-H rule until 1878.
 

Futurist

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May 2014
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SoCal
That is a can of worms that I do not wish to open. ;)
Please? For me?

I personally don't have a lot of knowledge about Balkan history and thus it's interesting to get all of the information that I can get about this topic. :)