What Were the Longest Lasting Dynasties In Europe?

MAGolding

Ad Honorem
Aug 2015
2,939
Chalfont, Pennsylvania
What were the longest lasting dynasties in Europe?

If part of a dynasty's length was legendary, when was the division between the legendary and the historical periods of the dynasty?

If answering, be sure to distinguish between the length of time a dynasty lasted as a ruling or reigning dynasty and the length of time it lasted as a family from earliest known ancestor to latest known descendant.
 
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Sep 2012
1,094
Tarkington, Texas
A lot would depend in how you define "dynasty". Lots of nobles in Europe will say their pedigree stretches back to some Hero or a Norse God. Dynasty rules varied from one country to another as well.



Pruitt
 

Frank81

Ad Honorem
Feb 2010
5,087
Canary Islands-Spain
The Capetian Dynasty has been probably the most important through European history, with permission of the Habsgurg. However, by the time the Habsburg started to rise in Switzerland, the Capets had been kings of kingdoms for centuries.

Think that the Bourbons are just a branch of the mighty Capetian dynasty.
 

stevev

Ad Honorem
Apr 2017
3,521
Las Vegas, NV USA
The Capetian Dynasty has been probably the most important through European history, with permission of the Habsgurg. However, by the time the Habsburg started to rise in Switzerland, the Capets had been kings of kingdoms for centuries.

Think that the Bourbons are just a branch of the mighty Capetian dynasty.
Louis XVI was addressed as "Citizen Capet" by the tribunal that sentenced him to death.
 
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Jun 2017
2,967
Connecticut
A dynasty's meaning is open to interpretation. Do you mean direct descendants or direct male heirs who keep the family name?

Assuming you mean the latter scrolling down the list on wikipedia it seems to be the following.

Kievan Russ-Rurik almost 750 years, they look like they are our winners
Wittlesbach-around 700 years depending on when you consider their rule to have ended
Austria-Hapsburgs 640 years
Brandenburg-Hohenzollers 550 years
Bohemia-Premyslid's about 500 years
Netherlands-Orange-Nassau 488 years(still around)
Denmark-Olbenburg 415 years
Prussia-Hohenzollern 400 years
Bohemia, Hungary, Croatia-Hapsburgs about 390 years
France-Capetians-about 350 years with another century or so of disputed rule with the Carolingians beforehand.
Scotland-Stuart-almost 350 years
England-Plantagenets- if we count the War of the Roses they are the longest lasting English dynasty at a little under 350 years
Russia-Romanov's-a little over 300 years
Hungary-Arpad-300 years
 

Willempie

Ad Honorem
Jul 2015
5,380
Netherlands
A dynasty's meaning is open to interpretation. Do you mean direct descendants or direct male heirs who keep the family name?

Assuming you mean the latter scrolling down the list on wikipedia it seems to be the following.

Netherlands-Orange-Nassau 488 years(still around)
The Oranges havent been descendants in the male line since queen Wilhelmina (daughter of our king William III), who.
 
Sep 2018
5
Sojourning
The "d'Este-Guelph" Brunswick Dynasty is the longest reigning Dynasty. Though today are de jure sovereigns in international law, with a provisional government in exile. The male Este line is documented from 300BC till today, in the senior house of Brunswick. The Guelph line goes back to Charlemagne, though is a female line. Numerous books documenting the line from that time till today are available. Also on welfen.de it is somewhat documented "sind nachweislich das älteste Fürstenhaus in Europa" "are demonstrably the oldest princely house in Europe". The Imperial Sword was made for Brunswick, and Guelphs (Brunswick Royals) have the strongest claim to the crown of Charlemagne, although had many Imperial wars against the Hapsburg Ghibellines.
 
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Sep 2018
5
Sojourning
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