What would the 12th century and beyond have looked like for the Byzantines without the Crusades?

Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
19,934
SoCal
#1
If, for whatever reason, the First Crusade would have failed to materialize, what would the 12th century and beyond would have looked like for the Byzantines?

FTR, here is a map of the Byzantine Empire in 1095:



The Byzantines were in much better shape in the early 11th century:



It was the 1071 Battle of Manzikert and its aftermath that hurt the Byzantines--with them losing almost all of Anatolia in the subsequent 25 years. Of course, the Byzantines also got completely kicked out of Italy in 1071.
 

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