When did Britain become a true constitutional monarchy

funakison

Ad Honorem
Oct 2012
5,381
Between a rock and a hard place
The Restoration of Charles II, is widely heralded as the start of true constitutional monarchy in England, but a hundred years later George III and the `kings friends` were openly medaling in politics.
When did Britain become a true constitutional monarchy, and what events led to this
 
Jan 2013
103
United State
The Restoration of Charles II, is widely heralded as the start of true constitutional monarchy in England, but a hundred years later George III and the `kings friends` were openly medaling in politics.
When did Britain become a true constitutional monarchy, and what events led to this
Surprise that no one has replied to this thread after a week but I will put my two cents and opinion into this and anyone is Welcome to disagree with me as they probably know more then me.

It wasn't really one big event but it was a bunch of little things along the way that led to the Modern Constitutional Monarchy in the U.K today. England was a Absolute Monarchy until 1215 when it became a Semi Constitutional Monarchy which lasted until 1689 when it became a Constitutional Monarchy.


the [ame="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glorious_Revolution"]Glorious Revolution[/ame] of 1688 led to a constitutional English monarchy restricted by laws such as the [ame="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_of_Rights_1689"]Bill of Rights 1689[/ame] and the [ame="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Act_of_Settlement_1701"]Act of Settlement 1701[/ame], although limits on the power of the monarch ('a limited monarchy') are much older than that ([ame="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magna_Carta"]Magna Carta[/ame] of 1215), With the Hanoverian accession in Britain onwards, monarchs saw their powers pass further to their ministers, and Royal neutrality in politics became cemented from around the start of the reign of [ame="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_Victoria"]Queen Victoria[/ame] (though she had her personal favorites) and enlargements to the franchise.


From 1689 onward the power of the monarch slowly became more limited. Queen Victoria you could say was really the first monarch to reign and not Rule.


World War 1 saw the the power of the monarchy became even more limited as the King handed over more power to parliament at the end if the War, That you could say what led to the modern Constitutional Monarchy. By the end of George VI reign it was more ceremonial.
 
Jul 2012
763
Australia
1839.
Queen Victoria was the first monarch to ascend the throne with the full understanding that she would play no independent role in executive government, and that all actions she did take would be 'on the advice of the prime minister'.

Universal Manhood Suffrage was introduced in 1867 and women got the vote in 1918 for 30yo, and extended to 21yo in 1928.

Magna Carta in 1215 did not change anything as it merely wrote down the rights and responsibilities of the king and barons as they understood them at that time. Nevertheless writing them down was pretty revolutionary in those days.

1389 was the first assembly where the king asked the lords to agree to a tax increase to fund his Irish wars. It was the first demonstration that the king was entitled to his traditioal rights, but anything outside those rights needed the consent of the lords (the taxed people).

Everything in between has been a case of the financially strong advancing their interests at the expense of the Crown, usually at times when the crown was going through crtical periods.

Some other key dates are 1642, 1688, 1703.
 

bartieboy

Ad Honorem
Dec 2010
6,616
The Netherlands
The impression I got was that Edward VII would be the last monarch with considerable political influence.
 

Black Dog

Ad Honorem
Mar 2008
9,990
Damned England
I'd like to see a copy of the written constitution before I call Britain a "constitutional" anything :)

If it's not written down, how can one know exactly what it is?
 
Nov 2012
1,621
Pax juxta probitatem
Good morning, ah I might have a go at this if I may. As we know, our Constitutional Monarchy means monarchs act as Head of State but legislation is passed by the elected Parliament.The Head of State’s ceremonial and official duties are separated from party politics, the Head of State remains constant while Parliaments change thus we have some stability and continuity. We may not have a written constitution but it is implied, by convention or custom and practice, just as binding as formal written rules.

Where did the Constitutional Monarchy start? Probably with The Bill of Rights 1689, presented by the Convention Parliament to William III and Mary II, inviting them to become joint sovereigns of England after the Glorious Revolution and invasion deposing King James II & VII (English Bill of Rights 1689). That was followed by The Act of Settlement 1701. Both Acts are still in force.
 
Jun 2013
1,973
South Korea (A Marxist-Leninist country based in S
Britain's constitutional monarchy is still changing. One couldn't define it easily.