Where can I find religion data for British India for the time period between 1872 and 1947?

Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
24,618
SoCal
Thanks for this information, Devdas! :)

BTW, do you think that the Muslim population in a united India would have grown less rapidly than it did in Pakistan and Bangladesh in real life?
 

Devdas

Ad Honorem
Apr 2015
5,120
India
Thanks for this information, Devdas! :)

BTW, do you think that the Muslim population in a united India would have grown less rapidly than it did in Pakistan and Bangladesh in real life?
Yes, it would have increased rapidly.
 
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Aupmanyav

Ad Honorem
Jun 2014
5,954
New Delhi, India
Even now it is growing nicely, though some Muslims also have realized the disadvantage of large families.
 
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Mar 2015
1,513
Yorkshire
Very difficult to read most of the text and maps but there appears to be a surprisingly large percentage of "animist" tribals.

Is this still the case and what sort of form does this "animist" belief take?
 

Aupmanyav

Ad Honorem
Jun 2014
5,954
New Delhi, India
IMHO, they have taken areas which have local Gods and Goddesses as animists. However, most people in these areas would identify themselves as Hindus. Local deities are a part of Hinduism and known as 'Kshetrapalas', administrators of the region.
 
Oct 2015
1,140
India
In 1881, 75.1% of British India's total population was Hindu while in 2050 76.7% of the population within India's current borders is projected to be Hindu. This shows that even with the loss of overwhelmingly Muslim Pakistan and Bangladesh, relatively low Hindu reproduction is likely to ensure that the demographics of India in 2050 will become not too different from what they were back in 1881.
Surely you must be aware that comparing British India (which included Pakistan and Bangladesh) with present-day India (which began with only Hindu/Sikh/Christian majority areas) is not an apple to apple comparison. For India, the census of 1951 and 2011 would be a more acceptable comparison.

Chapter-8 of Imperial Gazetteer, 1908-1909 gives some data but more qualitative inputs.

Table of Contents -- Imperial Gazetteer of India -- Digital South Asia Library
 
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Jan 2014
1,112
Rus
I'm delighted! I was able to find religion data for British India in its entirety for all census years between 1881 and 1941 in this 1951 book that is available for free at the Internet Archive:

The Poplation Of India And Pakistan : Kingsley_davis : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive

Interestingly enough, the Hindu percentage in British India in 1881 was almost the same as the Hindu percentage within India's current borders is projected to be in 2050:

Projected Changes in the Global Hindu Population

In 1881, 75.1% of British India's total population was Hindu while in 2050 76.7% of the population within India's current borders is projected to be Hindu. This shows that even with the loss of overwhelmingly Muslim Pakistan and Bangladesh, relatively low Hindu reproduction is likely to ensure that the demographics of India in 2050 will become not too different from what they were back in 1881.
Musulmans share increasing in all states of modern India. Do you want to say that this process continuing 150 years already?
 

Aupmanyav

Ad Honorem
Jun 2014
5,954
New Delhi, India
Yeah, Hindu percentage has steadily gone down in India due to conversions and lower birth rate.
"The Hindu percentage has steadily decrease from 84.1% in 1951 to 79.8% in 2011 respectively." - Google search
 
Jan 2014
1,112
Rus
Yeah, Hindu percentage has steadily gone down in India due to conversions and lower birth rate.
"The Hindu percentage has steadily decrease from 84.1% in 1951 to 79.8% in 2011 respectively." - Google search
Hindu percentage is decreasing in Bihar and Uttar-Pradesh where Hindu's birth rate is high. This is quite unclear for me.