Well, I know strategic analysis isn't your strong point, but we've been over this several times and its getting really repetitive. Read post 57 and 96 over.China was stronger in 1937 than in 1900.. that´s the reason because Japan failed (1937 - 1945) but Britain, France and Eight-Powers alliance won against China in China.
China in 1900 was vastly more powerful than it was in 1937 in just about every indicator of military might.
The performance of the Qing in 1900 was yes much better than that of the ROC in 1937.
China in 1900 only lost Beijing after over a year of fighting; the allied nations only occupied a territory ranging from Zheng Ding in the south, to Zhangjia kou in the north, Shanhai pass in the east to Nianzi pass in the west. A territory that is restricted largely to northern Hebei and parts of eastern Shanxi (less than a fifteenth of China proper both in land and people) and the country sides were never controlled (nor did the vast majority of China's most advanced New Army participate in the fight).
The ROC lost both Beijing AND Nanjing in just 5 months of fighting; in a year Japan occupied virtually the entire sea coast of China and almost the entire eastern half of China proper all the way up to Changsha.
Boxer and 8 Nations activity in Purple:
Japanese controlled area in red:
Japan took Beijing in just 22 days with no defeat, annihilating Chinese forces over 4 times their size. The 8 Nations took three times as long to take Beijing and their initial expedition under Seymour was defeated by the Qing army and the 8 Nations nearly lost in the Siege of Tianjin even though in both cases the formal Chinese forces had less than a 2:1 numerical advantage.
The disparity between the ROC and the Qing is even more revealing in the invasion of Manchuria. Japan effortlessly took Manchuria in 1931 almost without a fight with just 17,000 soldiers in 3 months, largely eliminating major guerilla resistance by 1940, whereas the Russians needed 135,000 to overwhelm Manchuria in 1900 in the same amount of time, being beat back at Ningguta several times, and the Russians never managed to control the country side; the rural guerrilla resistance by the Hong Huzi was never annihilated and continued until 1905, aiding Japan in the defeat of Russia.
China won the War of Resistance against Japan in 1937 because the Japanese objective was the total conquest of the country, and more importantly, they surrendered because of fighting with the United States and later the USSR. The Allied Nations in 1900 was not aiming at the total conquest of the country, but merely demanding an indemnity and sphere of economic influence (which China in 1937 still falls under).
The Industrial potential of the late Qing was far greater than the ROC and not much behind Japan.
China produced about 30,000-40,000 tons of steel in the early 1900s, whereas Japan produced around 50,000-60,000 tons. The United States led with 13-14 million tons.
The ROC in 1937 only produced 25,000 tons of steel whereas Japan produced 5 million and the United States produced 50 million tons. The ROC industrial potential lagged far more behind the industrial powers than the late Qing.
The Chinese Navy in the 1900s even after the annihilation of the Beiyang navy, had over 40 warships, many of which were self made.
The Hanyang factory founded by the Qing could also produce 2000-3000 of native made type 88 Mausers (and native made Maxim guns) annually by the 1900s, and produced 3,900 heavy cannons.
The ROC in 1937 could not make a single warship, only produced 98 cannons during the war against Japan and relied on the old Qing factories to make outdated Mausers.
The Qing in 1900 still appointed governors to individual provinces and the local military were more or less still under central control. The ROC in 1937 merely recognized existing warlords and their private military forces through coercion.
The Qing in 1900 had tremendous influence over the rural militia through a united Confucian front with the rural gentry class. The bulk of rural China was behind the Qing government, and the boxers all over the country were anti-foreign; the allies only had a collaboranist Chinese force of some 1,200 in the entire Boxer rebellion and the occupation afterwards. The ROC government was largely isolated from the rural militia and elites in these regions; the Japanese were able to create a collaborationst Chinese force of over 1 million in the war.
We've long ceased to compare the Reich with China. We've been comparing states like Italy and Austro-Hungarian Empire with China for the past 20 pages if you bothered to read.In fact... never a Big Imperial City was conquered by their enemies (nor München, nor Strasburg, nor Metz, Frankfurt, Dresde, Hamburg, Hannover etc etc)...So.. yes.... II Reich evidenced to be stronger than China in 1871 - 1918.