Which was the first country to abolish the death penalty


Ad Honorem
Nov 2010
Western Eurasia
i think the Habsburg Leopold II was one of the first ones (or really the first one) to abolish it in the grand duchy of Tuscany in 1786. His brother emperor Joseph II did the same in 1787 in Austria and Hungary (but i think only civil cases, not in the military?). But then in the 1790s it was reintroduced.
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Ad Honorem
Oct 2015
Matosinhos Portugal
I did a little research on google here says that portugal was the second country to abolish the death penalty.
Death penalty in Portugal
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Portugal was the second modern state of Europe, after the Grand Duchy of Tuscany (1786), to abolish the death penalty.
As I also heard that the first country went to Sweden.
I think it should see a lot of controversy about the death penalty
Jul 2014
The first country to disband death sentence would be India under Ashoka during Mauryan empire.
Jun 2010
Rhondda, South Wales
If I remember correctly, the death penalty was abolished in China during the Tang Dynasty...albeit for only about a 12-year period around AD 750.


Ad Honorem
Aug 2015
Slovenia, EU
We are in no moral position to take other people's lives, it does not matter what they've done.


Ad Honorem
Jul 2015
The death penalty in Portugal was abolished in 1867 and it was the third country
Bullocks. Portugal still had the death penalty for treason. Iirc that was only abolished after the carnation revolution. A lot of countries that have "abolished" the death penalty still have it for (high) treason.