The Mercian royal family, the Iclingas, claimed descent from Offa, the semi-legendary King Offa of Angeln who it is said flourished in the late fourth to early fifth centuries. His father`s name , Wermund, was certainly known in eighth century England, being the name of a bishop of Rochester. In its cognate form, Gurmund, it was used by Guthrum the enemy of Alfred the Great. Obviously, there was a strong cultural link between Anglo-Saxon England and Scandinavia.It is difficult for me to give some more useful information regarding Hengist et al at all. But I have always thought that the name reminds of other Norse names such as Gudgest etc. But perhaps these are not related at all.
Eomaer was the son of Angeltheow which indeed points to the Angles. I have never found any information of where the Angles had their HQ before leaving for Britain (and the reasons for this migration).
Is Guthrum not connected to Guttorm?The Mercian royal family, the Iclingas, claimed descent from Offa, the semi-legendary King Offa of Angeln who it is said flourished in the late fourth to early fifth centuries. His father`s name , Wermund, was certainly known in eighth century England, being the name of a bishop of Rochester. In its cognate form, Gurmund, it was used by Guthrum the enemy of Alfred the Great. Obviously, there was a strong cultural link between Anglo-Saxon England and Scandinavia.
This is Othere's account told to Alfred. Othere was from the Lofoten Islands. He sailed to the white sea and then later into Denmark.I have never found any information of where the Angles had their HQ before leaving for Britain (and the reasons for this migration).
Anglia (peninsula) - Wikipediafrom the Angles, that is, the country which is called Anglia, and which is said, from that time, to remain desert to this day, between the provinces of the Jutes and the Saxons, are descended the East Angles, the Midland Angles, Mercians, all the race of the Northumbrians, that is, of those nations that dwell on the north side of the River Humber, and the other nations of the English.
History of Saxony - WikipediaThe history of Saxony consists of what was originally a small tribe living on the North Sea between the Elbe and Eider River in the present Holstein. The name of this tribe, the Saxons (Latin: Saxones), was first mentioned by the Greek author Ptolemy. The name Saxonsis derived from the Seax, a knife used by the tribe as a weapon.
In 3rd and 4th century Germany, great tribal confederations of the Alamanni, Bavarians, Thuringians, Franks, Frisii, and Saxons arose. These took the place of the numerous petty tribes with their popular tribal form of government. With the exceptions of the Saxons, all these confederations were ruled by kings; the Saxons were divided into a number of independent bodies under different chiefs, and in time of war these chieftains drew lots. The selected leader was followed by the other chiefs until the war ended.
In the 3rd and 4th centuries, the Saxons fought their way victoriously towards the west, and their name was given to the great tribal confederation that stretched towards the west exactly to the former boundary of the Roman Empire, consequently almost to the Rhine. Only a small strip of land on the right bank of the Rhine remained to the Frankish tribe. Towards the south the Saxons pushed as far as the Harz Mountains and the Eichsfeld, and in the succeeding centuries absorbed the greater part of Thuringia. In the east their power extended at first as far as the Elbe and Saale Rivers; in the later centuries it certainly extended much farther. All the coast of the German Ocean belonged to the Saxons except that west of the Weser, which the Frisians retained.
Some historians and archaeologists believe these Frisians were actually Jutish colonists, or a mixture of Angles and Jutes.According to legend the Angles came from the land of the Angles, the Saxons came from the land of the Saxons, and the Jutes came from the land of the Jutes.
The land of the Angles was and is identified with the peninsula of Anglia or Angeln or Angel, a small peninsula that is part of the larger peninsula of Jutland. But the Angles probably also lived in neighboring parts of Jutland and Germany.
Anglia (peninsula) - Wikipedia
The land of the Saxons, or Saxony, was what would now be called northwestern Germany, which was occupied by the original small tribe called the Saxons and by a later large group of tribes named the Saxons after the original Saxons.
History of Saxony - Wikipedia
So in the 5th and 6th centuries when various groups of Saxons came to Britain, Saxony, the area they could have come from, was a very large region of northwestern Germany. Just as the area of Anglis or Angeln seems too small to have been the only place where the Angles came from, Saxony seems to large for the Saxons to have come from every part of Saxony. More likely the Saxon groups who came from Saxony to Britain cam fromvarious small specific parts of Saxony, though I don't have much idea where those parts of Saxony were.
The land of the Jutes was the Jutland peninsula. The Jutes who migrated to Biritain in the 5th and 6th centuries came from Jutland. I find it rather hard to believe that the Jutes lived in all of the Jutland peninsular except for the tiny area of Anglia. It seems more probable that the Angles lived on parts of the Jutland peninisula near to Anglia so that the areas the Angles and the Jutes occupied were a bit more equal in size.
Another Germanic group that came to Britain were some of the Frisians. The Frisians came from Friesland or Frisia, of course.
Frisia is a long and rather narrow area along the North Sea coast, stretching from the Netherlands to Germany and including some western parts of the Jutland Peninsula. The area that the Frisians who settled in Britain came from may have been much smaller, since the Frisians settled most of Frisia during the Migration Period.
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