Who was Athens most implacable foe in the Peloponnesian War?

Nov 2011
1,046
The Bluff
#11
Sparta always claimed they were defending themselves against Athene hubris ,
on the whole they were right
No, not quite. Sparta, having been pushed to war, adopted the slogan of the "liberation of the Hellenes" from Athens. She would make overtures for peace with her enemy at least four times during this war; near all without consulting her allies (one reason, I think, Corinth abandoned her post-war). Sparta would, in the end, "liberate" the Hellenes but the definition of "liberation" would be Sparta's. Sparta sold the Greeks of Asia to Persia for the King's Darics. After war's end, she determined the meaning of autonomy no less than did Athens and with the imprimatur of the King; the Persian who ruled Greek politics until Alexander.
 
Apr 2019
109
Ireland
#13
She would make overtures for peace with her enemy at least four times during this war; near all without consulting her allies (one reason, I think, Corinth abandoned her post-war).
When the terms of the Peace of Nicias came about for implementation, Athens was not handed over Amphipolis, Thebes refused to handover Panactum and the Corinthians consequently were left angered as Potidaea was still in Athenian control. While the Spartans may have been willing, Thebes and Corinth were not, probably as you say a consequence of having not been consulted.

Continued hatred over unfulfilled objectives....
 

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