Who were Cromwell's soldiers?

Jan 2012
421
South Midlands in Britain
#31
There were many English royalist who fled to Ireland. When Cromwell conquered Ireland, they had to flee to the continent. I would think many of them were high church Anglicans.

Wouldn't the Jacobites fighting for France or Spain include many Scotish, as well as Irish and English? There was resistance to William's usurpation in Scotland, but not in England. Also there were later Jacobite rebellions in Scotland.

Any Anglicans in Jacobite regiments would be fighting for France rather than Spain, because Spain allowed only Roman Catholics.
I have illustrated the resistance in England to the Glorious Revolution. It had to be peaceful as it had no major political substance, having predicated its own destruction through arbitrary excesses in the later years of the reign of Charles II and the reign of James II. It is not appreciated that throughout the post-Reformation period in England there was a very deep fear among all Protestants of a murderous Catholic intervention from the continent.

The principle Jacobite risings in Scotland after the Act of Union in 1707, namely the 1715 and 1745 rebellions, had a more complex nature to them than just support for the Old and Young Pretenders to the throne. There was also an incipient resistance to fact of the Act of Union that finally united the English and Scottish thrones. Many contemporary Scottish Nationalists draw an inspiration from these risings.

It would be very wrong to assume that the Reformation in Scotland mirrored the Reformation in England. In England the Reformation was driven by the Crown and woe betide anyone who resisted, whereas in Scotland it was more insurrectional, driven by middle class sentiment than any desires for religious conformity on the part of the monarch and the aristocracy.
 
Jun 2015
5,716
UK
#33
The heartlands of the Roundhead cause were the southern and Eastern counties. Cromwell himself was from Cambridgeshire, and neighbouring counties like Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire, and Suffolk, were solidly Parliamentarian.

The Eastern Association and later the New Model Army were made of a mix of gentry (like Cromwell), as well as yeoman and other "low-born" subjects. Though there was nobility in the Parliamentarian cause, like the Earl of Essex, who was the leader of sorts of the faction until Cromwell rose to further prominence.
 
Jan 2012
421
South Midlands in Britain
#34
The heartlands of the Roundhead cause were the southern and Eastern counties. Cromwell himself was from Cambridgeshire, and neighbouring counties like Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire, and Suffolk, were solidly Parliamentarian.

The Eastern Association and later the New Model Army were made of a mix of gentry (like Cromwell), as well as yeoman and other "low-born" subjects. Though there was nobility in the Parliamentarian cause, like the Earl of Essex, who was the leader of sorts of the faction until Cromwell rose to further prominence.
You forget London which was the economic centre of the kingdom. The main reason Charles did not push onto London after the Battle of Brentford is that he saw he would have to fight for every hedge and cottage.

Many soldiers in the Parliamentary armies were conscripted by their local county association. Furthermore it was not unknown for armies a bit low on foot soldiers to forcibly press men off the street into their ranks.

Cromwell's Ironsides were usually of yeoman rank as it cost money to equip cavalry.