- Jan 2012
- South Midlands in Britain
I have illustrated the resistance in England to the Glorious Revolution. It had to be peaceful as it had no major political substance, having predicated its own destruction through arbitrary excesses in the later years of the reign of Charles II and the reign of James II. It is not appreciated that throughout the post-Reformation period in England there was a very deep fear among all Protestants of a murderous Catholic intervention from the continent.There were many English royalist who fled to Ireland. When Cromwell conquered Ireland, they had to flee to the continent. I would think many of them were high church Anglicans.
Wouldn't the Jacobites fighting for France or Spain include many Scotish, as well as Irish and English? There was resistance to William's usurpation in Scotland, but not in England. Also there were later Jacobite rebellions in Scotland.
Any Anglicans in Jacobite regiments would be fighting for France rather than Spain, because Spain allowed only Roman Catholics.
The principle Jacobite risings in Scotland after the Act of Union in 1707, namely the 1715 and 1745 rebellions, had a more complex nature to them than just support for the Old and Young Pretenders to the throne. There was also an incipient resistance to fact of the Act of Union that finally united the English and Scottish thrones. Many contemporary Scottish Nationalists draw an inspiration from these risings.
It would be very wrong to assume that the Reformation in Scotland mirrored the Reformation in England. In England the Reformation was driven by the Crown and woe betide anyone who resisted, whereas in Scotland it was more insurrectional, driven by middle class sentiment than any desires for religious conformity on the part of the monarch and the aristocracy.