Who were the "Kings men"?

So we know in the past the idea of armies operated different than today and an army was more of a temporary force raised for a certain purpose rather than a large standing force. But when the monarch needed something done with brute force, who would do it?

For example:

When Charles I stormed the house of house of commons, who were the men who did this? We're they personal bodyguards? We're they part of a small scale "standing army" in perpetual service to the crown?
Mar 2016
Kings and other people in the higher nobility would often have what was called a "personal retinue", which was essentially a small professional standing army, often usually numbering from a hundred to a few hundred soldiers. They would be garrisoned either in their household or close by. It was them that escorted them in public, serving as a large bodyguard. These retinues existed independently of the feudal set-up of levying local troops during the medieval era. They were generally much more highly trained than regular feudal levies, and also much more loyal (in no small part to the fact that the King prioritized paying them over everyone else, for practical reasons of his own safety).
May 2016
Greater Manchester
During the English Civil War, many troops were forced into service, similar to naval press-ganging. Landlords forced their tenants into service; parish constables who had arrested criminals and rogues, and were anxious to see them gone, forced them into service.

In 1644, the Royalists press-ganged crowds of local men and marched them away to attack the Parliamentarian garrison at Bolton, 'the reare being brought up with troopers that had commission to shoot such as lagged behind, so as the poor countrymen ... [were] in a dilemma of death, either by the troopers if they went not on, or by the... shot of the towne if they did'.

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