- Feb 2017
- Latin America
The Mongols were not "halted" in Europe. How could they when they conquered Russia, the biggest European state. Neither did the Poles nor the Hungarians defeat them. The Mongols retired for unclear reasons, not because they were "halted". It's not like the Indonesians, Burmese, Vietnamese and Japanese, who did halt the Mongols by themselves rather than the Mongols deciding to abruptly retire for unclear reasons.One thing to mention:
The Mongolian system at the time was more efficient and effective (militarily) than the cumbersome Jin, Xixia, and Song system at the time.
Especially the Song Dynasty; in spite of its huge population and financial resources, it failed to develop a formidable military force.
Note that Cantonese and other Southern Chinese were as "mellow" as typical Yangtze Chinese.
Why did the Khwarazmian Dynasty crumble before Mongolian forces?
Note that Mongolians were halted in the Second Mongol invasion of Hungary and Third Mongol invasion of Poland.
Wang Renyu once mentioned that prior the Industrial Revolution, states could not excel in both army and navy in his Chinese Macrohistory.
Note that Napoleon had a sizable yet inept navy.
Now, back to why China never invaded Japan:
Mongolians (or the Yuan Dynasty to be exact) invaded Japan twice and were repelled, and it was notably that Mongolian expansions were
halted on European, Southeast Asia, Middle East, and Indian fronts.
The Chinese might be knowledgeable about Japan; then, what existed in Japan might render conquest desirable?