Why did Latvia and Estonia mostly become Protestant while Lithuania did not?

Tulun

Ad Honorem
Nov 2010
3,789
Western Eurasia
#3
Protestantism also spread to Lithuania (and to Poland), both Calvinism and more minor anti-trinitarians, just they were then suppressed by the following counter-reformation.
 

Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
18,703
SoCal
#4
Protestantism also spread to Lithuania (and to Poland), both Calvinism and more minor anti-trinitarians, just they were then suppressed by the following counter-reformation.
Why didn't the Counter-Reformation succeed in Latvia and Estonia, though?

The protestant revolution spread to the Baltic in 1521, it was spread by north german trade to the german dominated territories. Lithuania was not as influenced by Germany (instead Poland) and remained catholic.
Makes sense. The Hanseatic League doesn't appear to have extended to Lithuania--or at least nowhere near as much as to Latvia and Estonia:

 

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