Why did Latvia and Estonia mostly become Protestant while Lithuania did not?

Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
21,768
SoCal
Why did Latvia and Estonia mostly become Protestant during the Reformation while Lithuania did not?
 
Apr 2017
1,626
U.S.A.
The protestant revolution spread to the Baltic in 1521, it was spread by north german trade to the german dominated territories. Lithuania was not as influenced by Germany (instead Poland) and remained catholic.
 
  • Like
Reactions: Futurist

Tulun

Ad Honorem
Nov 2010
3,861
Western Eurasia
Protestantism also spread to Lithuania (and to Poland), both Calvinism and more minor anti-trinitarians, just they were then suppressed by the following counter-reformation.
 
  • Like
Reactions: macon and Futurist

Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
21,768
SoCal
Protestantism also spread to Lithuania (and to Poland), both Calvinism and more minor anti-trinitarians, just they were then suppressed by the following counter-reformation.
Why didn't the Counter-Reformation succeed in Latvia and Estonia, though?

The protestant revolution spread to the Baltic in 1521, it was spread by north german trade to the german dominated territories. Lithuania was not as influenced by Germany (instead Poland) and remained catholic.
Makes sense. The Hanseatic League doesn't appear to have extended to Lithuania--or at least nowhere near as much as to Latvia and Estonia: