Why did Marathas raid Sringeri Mutt

greatstreetwarrior

Ad Honorem
Nov 2012
3,871
There seems to be some coresspondance letter between Tipu and the Mutt mentioning his sadness that Marathas raided Sringeri.

Why the hell would the supposed torch bearers of Hinduism at that time attack the Shankara Mutt? Considering that Marathas at Jingee and other places were reasonably well established and well aware of Tamil polity and the importance Sringeri Mutt? Why would they do such an incredulous act? Supposedly Tipu rebuilt the Mutt and reinstated the idols? Is this true? Considering his nefarious schemes in Malabar this seems unlikely unless without some tangible benefit.
 

Aatreya

Ad Honorem
Dec 2014
3,579
USA
There seems to be some coresspondance letter between Tipu and the Mutt mentioning his sadness that Marathas raided Sringeri.

Why the hell would the supposed torch bearers of Hinduism at that time attack the Shankara Mutt? Considering that Marathas at Jingee and other places were reasonably well established and well aware of Tamil polity and the importance Sringeri Mutt? Why would they do such an incredulous act? Supposedly Tipu rebuilt the Mutt and reinstated the idols? Is this true? Considering his nefarious schemes in Malabar this seems unlikely unless without some tangible benefit.
The celebrated Jivanmukta Sri Chandrashekhara Bharati, the previous Jagadguru of Sringeri Mutt had some good things to talk about Tipu. Apparently Tipu provided some grants to the Mutt. I'll try to find if Tipu indeed reinstated the idols.
 

greatstreetwarrior

Ad Honorem
Nov 2012
3,871
The celebrated Jivanmukta Sri Chandrashekhara Bharati, the previous Jagadguru of Sringeri Mutt had some good things to talk about Tipu. Apparently Tipu provided some grants to the Mutt. I'll try to find if Tipu indeed reinstated the idols.
also plz tell abt maratha part as well
 

Aatreya

Ad Honorem
Dec 2014
3,579
USA
also plz tell abt maratha part as well
I was not aware of the Maratha raid on Sringeri. On further reading, I found that Sri Sacchidananda Bharati III (1770 - 1814) was the Jagadguru when this raid happened. Apparently, from that account it seems that it was a mistake of the Maratha commander rather than the policy of the rulers. This happened during the Mysore war. It seems that even the Peshwas had great respect for the mutt. It will be interesting to hear about this from the other historian friends.
 

Jinit

Ad Honorem
Jun 2012
5,274
India
While raids are associated with Marathas since the inception of their polity, raids of such character for that particular time period isn't unique and common from Gujarat and Rajasthan to Bengal and for a brief period reached all the way upto south. However to be precise the raids weren't carried out by Marathas directly The Maratha controlled territories were infact extremely well administered and experiencing high time in the regions like Maharashtra, Central India, Odisha etc. during that period. The raids were carried out by Pindharis who were notorious for their cruelty (Many of the most notorious Pindharis were Muslims, btw). Of course they were working under authority of various Maratha chiefs and as such final responsibility still lies with Marathas. One of the explanation for this sudden phenomenon that I have read is that it became hard for the Marathas to control Pindharis during that period. Afterall it was also the period when Maratha polity witnessed internal instability plus increasing pressure from outside powers.

Otherwise Maratha patronage to various Hindu establishments throughout the subcontinent is well known. So it doesn't seem like a raid ordered from higher authorities unless or until it was some sort of political vendetta.
 
Feb 2014
1,429
Asia
Wasn't this a part of Third Anglo-Mysore war, where Maratha armies were lead by Parshuram Bhau and Hari Pant ?
 

Jinit

Ad Honorem
Jun 2012
5,274
India
There seems to be some coresspondance letter between Tipu and the Mutt mentioning his sadness that Marathas raided Sringeri.

Why the hell would the supposed torch bearers of Hinduism at that time attack the Shankara Mutt? Considering that Marathas at Jingee and other places were reasonably well established and well aware of Tamil polity and the importance Sringeri Mutt? Why would they do such an incredulous act? Supposedly Tipu rebuilt the Mutt and reinstated the idols? Is this true? Considering his nefarious schemes in Malabar this seems unlikely unless without some tangible benefit.
Btw it seems that the Tipu's donations to Sringeri Matha and other temples also seems like a vulgar manipulation of history. Tipu was quite superstitious and had blind faith in astrology. (It is probably because of same superstitious nature that he didn't change the name of Srirangapattanam/ Seringapatam - named after Hindu god). It is in this context that grants were made to Sringeri Matha and some other institutes on advise of astrologers. Furthermore his attitude towards Hindu subjects toned down to the considerable extant only after crushing defeat that he suffered in third Anglo Mysorean war, when heavy losses suffered by him made it necessary to take his Hindu subjects in confidence. It is amazing how we got fooled by rabid lies fed by the "eminent historians".

Also in the context of the recent controversy in Karnataka, I must add that it is extremely disgusting, nauseating and rather distressing that government has decided to commemorate a Jihadi as a hero on the exact same day when he ordered hanging of some 700 innocent Hindu men, women and children. :persevere:
 
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greatstreetwarrior

Ad Honorem
Nov 2012
3,871
Btw it seems that the Tipu's donations to Sringeri Matha and other temples also seems like a vulgar manipulation of history. Tipu was quite superstitious and had blind faith in astrology. (It is probably because of same superstitious nature that he didn't change the name of Srirangapattanam/ Seringapatam - named after Hindu god). It is in this context that grants were made to Sringeri Matha and some other institutes on advise of astrologers. Furthermore his attitude towards Hindu subjects toned down to the considerable extant only after crushing defeat that he suffered in third Anglo Mysorean war, when heavy losses suffered by him made it necessary to take his Hindu subjects in confidence. It is amazing how we got fooled by rabid lies fed by the "eminent historians".

Also in the context of the recent controversy in Karnataka, I must add that it is extremely disgusting, nauseating and rather distressing that government has decided to commemorate a Jihadi as a hero on the exact same day when he ordered hanging of some 700 innocent Hindu men, women and children. :persevere:
I understand his brutal atrocities against Melkote Iyengars, Mangalore Catholics, Syriac Christians, Coorgis, Malabari Nairs and even some heretical Muslim cults, his invitation to Napoleon, Ottomans to attack Brits and invade India and offering them half of his empire etc. all show this. But the Sringeri Mutt itself including the pontiff praise him for his contribution to rebuild the mutt to this day. They even have documents to prove this and commemorate his contribution. This was one big mistake by Marathas to ransack it even if thru the Pindaris. However his single contribution alone cannot undo his grave wrongs. Tipu was no freedom fighter but an opportunist zealot and bigot who changed his way to appease Hindus to win them over against Brits.
 
Mar 2018
1
Bangalore
Did Maratha army really destroyed and looted Sringeri Math of Srirangapatnam in 1791

Many left leaning historians have written that the Marathas attacked the Sringeri temple which was later restored byTipu Sultan. Howeever according to eminent historian Dr Uday S Kulkarni , author of seminal books “Solstice at Panipat”, “Bakhar of Panipat” and “The Era of Bajirao”, The attack on Sringeri was a job of pindaris, and an altogether stray incident in the Maratha scheme of things. The Maratha State was deeply anguished at this act, took prompt measures to arrest and punish the culprits and also issued apologies.

I have written a detailed post on this topic Did Maratha army really destroyed and looted Sringeri Math of Srirangapatnam in 1791
 
Aug 2014
1,273
pakistan
While raids are associated with Marathas since the inception of their polity, raids of such character for that particular time period isn't unique and common from Gujarat and Rajasthan to Bengal and for a brief period reached all the way upto south. However to be precise the raids weren't carried out by Marathas directly The Maratha controlled territories were infact extremely well administered and experiencing high time in the regions like Maharashtra, Central India, Odisha etc. during that period. The raids were carried out by Pindharis who were notorious for their cruelty (Many of the most notorious Pindharis were Muslims, btw). Of course they were working under authority of various Maratha chiefs and as such final responsibility still lies with Marathas. One of the explanation for this sudden phenomenon that I have read is that it became hard for the Marathas to control Pindharis during that period. Afterall it was also the period when Maratha polity witnessed internal instability plus increasing pressure from outside powers.

Otherwise Maratha patronage to various Hindu establishments throughout the subcontinent is well known. So it doesn't seem like a raid ordered from higher authorities unless or until it was some sort of political vendetta.
Pindari and other marauders who raided Sringeri Mutt, were led by Raghunathrao Patwardhan, a Hindu and a proper Maratha.