Why did the Deccan produce so many large empires?

Sep 2019
13
'Merica
#1
Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Marathas, Vijayanagar... and many more.
The Satavahana dynasty protected India from Saka invasions.
The Rashtrakutas protected India from Arab invasions.
The Marathas invaded upto Afghanistan in their Hindu zeal.

What was so special about the Deccan that it gave rise to so many large kingdoms and empires? North India had far more resources, but produced less empires for some reason.
 
Jan 2019
198
Valencia
#2
How do you differentiate a Kingdom from an Empire? Because many such native principalities could be found throughout South Asia. I don't see anything special about the Deccan in particular. Plus you've picked range of 'empires' from period of 2000 years plus, naturally in such a long period a variety of states would formed.

Satavahana dynasty protected India from Saka invasions.
The Saka's were already within India when they fought the Satavahanas.

The Rashtrakutas protected India from Arab invasions.
As did the Pratiharas.

The Marathas invaded upto Afghanistan in their Hindu zeal.
They reached Pakistani Punjab...

It seems this thread was a subtle attempt to gloat.
 

Frank81

Ad Honorem
Feb 2010
5,070
Canary Islands-Spain
#3
It is the opposite: most of the great empires of South Asia were born in the Indo-Gangetic plain

Deccan used to produce petty kingdoms in comparison, probably due to fragmentary geography. Ultimately, empires are the product of wealth concentration in the hands of a certain elite, a process favoured by easy of communications and economic output, as well as social relations. The great plains of the north, well connected by rivers, with little obstacles to goods and people flow, had an edge

The most expansive Deccan empire was probably that of the Cholas, due to their control of maritime routes

However, there's something certain. Deccan kingdoms, though smaller in geographic area, seem to have been very reach and populated, kind of oversized in power considering the limited terrain they controled (Vijayanagara is the best example). This is probably due to higher agricultural productivity in a tropical to equatorial environment
 
Likes: Bharata

Aupmanyav

Ad Honorem
Jun 2014
5,648
New Delhi, India
#4
Gujarat had empires. Rajasthan's cheiftains also ruled large areas. Harsha was a Northern empire. But then North faced repeated invasions all through the history.
 
Nov 2012
298
Forum
#5
Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Marathas, Vijayanagar... and many more.
The Satavahana dynasty protected India from Saka invasions.
The Rashtrakutas protected India from Arab invasions.
The Marathas invaded upto Afghanistan in their Hindu zeal.

What was so special about the Deccan that it gave rise to so many large kingdoms and empires? North India had far more resources, but produced less empires for some reason.
North India didn't produces less empires plus once Dakshinapatha was united they were mostly fighting with north and west Indian kingdoms and not outsiders .
Rashtrakutas were fighting with partiharas and Palas
As Dewal already mentioned Satavahanas fought with phalavas , yavanas and sakas who were in western and northern India .
 
Nov 2012
298
Forum
#6
It is the opposite: most of the great empires of South Asia were born in the Indo-Gangetic plain

Deccan used to produce petty kingdoms in comparison, probably due to fragmentary geography. Ultimately, empires are the product of wealth concentration in the hands of a certain elite, a process favoured by easy of communications and economic output, as well as social relations. The great plains of the north, well connected by rivers, with little obstacles to goods and people flow, had an edge

The most expansive Deccan empire was probably that of the Cholas, due to their control of maritime routes

However, there's something certain. Deccan kingdoms, though smaller in geographic area, seem to have been very reach and populated, kind of oversized in power considering the limited terrain they controled (Vijayanagara is the best example). This is probably due to higher agricultural productivity in a tropical to equatorial environment
Deccan empires were probably rich because of maritime trade
 

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