Zenobia, the queen of Palmyra. She was married to Odaenathus, the leader of Palmyra and consularis of the eastern Roman provinces. In 267 Odaenathus was killed and his son, Waballat, inherited his father's titles (which were probably consularis, dux and king of kings). However, he was only around 10 years old at the time and therefore his mother, Zenobia, ruled as his regent. In 270 she began to expand towards Arabia, Anatolia and Egypt, which can be seen as a revolt against Rome. But why did she revolt, while Odaenathus remained loyal to Rome? Did she have a personal ambitious agenda? Was her plan to be Empress of the Roman Empire or carve out an independent state?